The Argumentative Environment  Chapter 2
Logos, Pathos and Ethos <ul><li>  These are the three main elements of a persuasive claim, according to 4th century Greek ...
Logos  <ul><li>- When one needs to support a claim they may turn to Logos in order to appeal to logic.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Logos Example  <ul><li>An example of logos is when a scientist brings up statistics on a given subject that supports his c...
Pathos <ul><li>-When one is supporting a claim they might want to appeal to pathos or in other words emotions.  </li></ul>...
Pathos Example  <ul><li>An example of pathos is for say when a person brings up a relevant life story that shows his or he...
Ethos  <ul><li>- When one is in the position to create an argument or claim their character is judged. Ethos is the speake...
Ethos Example  <ul><li>An example of Ethos is when a world renowned doctor makes a claim about a new drug that has been pr...
Toulmin Model  <ul><li>This model analyzes the basics of an argument, and divides it into 6 dissect parts.  </li></ul><ul>...
Toulmin Explained  <ul><li>Claim: The point that is trying to be proven, or the thesis.  </li></ul><ul><li>Grounds: The ev...
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The argumentative environment-1

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The argumentative environment

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The argumentative environment-1

  1. 1. The Argumentative Environment  Chapter 2
  2. 2. Logos, Pathos and Ethos <ul><li>  These are the three main elements of a persuasive claim, according to 4th century Greek Philosopher Aristotle. These terms are also the foundation of proof, and considered the three pillars of persuasion.  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Logos  <ul><li>- When one needs to support a claim they may turn to Logos in order to appeal to logic.  </li></ul><ul><li>-The use of logic in an argument is crucial because it provides the claim with support in the form of factual evidence.  </li></ul>
  4. 4. Logos Example  <ul><li>An example of logos is when a scientist brings up statistics on a given subject that supports his claim. These statistics and date act as a support agency for his argument and ultimately create a logical argument.  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pathos <ul><li>-When one is supporting a claim they might want to appeal to pathos or in other words emotions.  </li></ul><ul><li>-By the use of pathos the person arguing evokes a feeling in the persons listening. Therefore they can appeal to the listener's inner self and create a stronger claim.  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pathos Example  <ul><li>An example of pathos is for say when a person brings up a relevant life story that shows his or her life struggles as a person who was a victim of rape. By telling the emotion evoking story the audience is compelled to sympathize with the speaker and this bridges a gap between the two.  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ethos  <ul><li>- When one is in the position to create an argument or claim their character is judged. Ethos is the speakers credibility to a certain audience. </li></ul><ul><li>- By being portrayed as someone who is confident and an expert you are more able to win over your audience and create a lasting impression.  </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ethos Example  <ul><li>An example of Ethos is when a world renowned doctor makes a claim about a new drug that has been presented. The audience who trusts his expertise automatically can assume that his findings are correct and justifiable.  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Toulmin Model  <ul><li>This model analyzes the basics of an argument, and divides it into 6 dissect parts.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1. Grounds </li></ul><ul><li>2. Warrant </li></ul><ul><li>3. Claim </li></ul><ul><li>4. Backing </li></ul><ul><li>5. Reservation/ Rebuttal  </li></ul><ul><li>6. Qualifier </li></ul>
  10. 10. Toulmin Explained  <ul><li>Claim: The point that is trying to be proven, or the thesis.  </li></ul><ul><li>Grounds: The evidence that backs up the claim. </li></ul><ul><li>Warrant: The logos in an argument that is very broad. </li></ul><ul><li>Backing: The crucial pieces of evidence and data. </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation/ Rebuttal: The exception to the warrant. </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifier: Terms within an argument used to make the claim more likely to be true.  </li></ul>

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