FINAL PROJECT
Unit 1
<ul><li>1-Most verbs need to use the auxilary do/does/did to make questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Do you know how to do t...
QUESTION FORMS….  *Direct questions.*  Yes/no questions.   <ul><li>3-Negative yes/no questions expect a particular answer....
QUESTION FORMS….  *Direct questions.*  Wh- questions. <ul><li>1-Questions words(who, what, where, when, whose, why, which ...
QUESTION FORMS….  *Direct questions.*  Wh- questions. <ul><li>2-If who, what or which is the subject of the sentence, we d...
QUESTION FORMS….  *Direct questions.*  Wh- questions. <ul><li>3-If there is a preposition, it comes at the end of the ques...
QUESTION FORMS….  *Direct questions.*  Alternative questions  <ul><li>1-There are two types of alternative questions; yes/...
QUESTION FORMS….  *Indirect questions.*  <ul><li>1-Use statements word order. They are used to be more polite or tentative...
QUESTION FORMS…. *Questions tags.* <ul><li>1- Are short questions at the end of the statement. The speaker often expects a...
Prepositions *Place* <ul><li>1- AT:  Shows a point in space where something is happening. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At  schoo...
Prepositions *Time* <ul><li>1- AT:  Used for clock times, points of time in the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At  6:00am. </...
Prepositions *Movement* <ul><li>1- AT:  We use at with arrive. We use at to show the person or thing the action is aimed. ...
Prepositions *Movement* <ul><li>4- TOWARDS:  It means moving or pointing in a particular direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*...
Unit 2
Present simple. <ul><li>1-With routine or regular repeated actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I go to the school 5 days a week...
Present simple. <ul><li>4-When we are talking about future as expressed in timetables, regulations and programmes. </li></...
Present simple. <ul><li>6-With state verbs which are not normally used in continous forms: be, have, depend, know, think, ...
Present continous. <ul><li>1-Actions happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s playing videogames. </li></ul><ul><li>*She´...
Present continous. <ul><li>4-Plans and arrangements in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Are you going to the cinema today...
Modifiers <ul><li>1- Fairly:  Usually modifies adjectives and adverbs. It doesn´t suggest a high degree. </li></ul><ul><li...
Modifiers <ul><li>4- A bit:  Is often used with the same meaning as a little.When is used with non-comparative adjectives,...
Unit 3
Types of comparison. <ul><li>1- To a higher degree:  </li></ul><ul><li>(Comparative form + than) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´...
Types of comparison. <ul><li>4- (Not) as….as:  We use not as…as to compare things which are different. </li></ul><ul><li>E...
Reflexives <ul><li>1-When the object is the same person/thing as the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*My tv  turns itself on...
Own. <ul><li>1- On my own/on his own, etc:  To mean without the help of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I do that party  on ...
Unit 4
Narrative tenses *Past simple* <ul><li>1-To talk about events in the past that are now finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*The...
Narrative tenses *Past continous* <ul><li>1-To talk about actions in progress in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He was sp...
Narrative tenses *Past continous* <ul><li>4-To talk about an event that was in progress when another event happen. </li></...
Narrative tenses *Past perfect simple* <ul><li>1-Use to refer to a time earlier than another past time. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Narrative tenses *Past perfect continous* <ul><li>1-To talk about actions or situations which had continued up to the past...
Time conjunctions. <ul><li>1- As, when, while:  Can introduce a background action/situation which is going on while someth...
Time conjunctions. <ul><li>2- Eventually/Finally:  Mean in the end. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*There was a long queue for enter...
Time conjunctions. <ul><li>5- After/Afterwards/After that:  After is not usually used alone. Instead we use other expressi...
Unit 5
Modals. *Asking for and giving permission* <ul><li>1-  Can:  We can use to ask for and give a permission. </li></ul><ul><l...
Modals. *Obligation* <ul><li>1-  Should and Ought to:  To talk about obligations and duties in the future, present and pas...
Modals. *Strong obligation and necessary* <ul><li>1- Must:  Talk about present and future strong obligations and necessiti...
Modals. *Strong obligation and necessary* <ul><li>2- Have to/Have got:  Talk about present and future strong obligations t...
Modals. *Lack of obligation* <ul><li>1-  Needn´t/Don´t need to/Don´t have to:  To talk about a lack of obligationin the pr...
Used to & Would. <ul><li>1- Used to:  To talk about past habits and states that do not occur now or no longer exist. </li>...
THE END...
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English Final Project

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English Final Project

  1. 1. FINAL PROJECT
  2. 2. Unit 1
  3. 3. <ul><li>1-Most verbs need to use the auxilary do/does/did to make questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Do you know how to do the hw? </li></ul><ul><li>*Does he ride a horse? </li></ul><ul><li>*Did he played soccer yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>2-Verbs with be, can and have (got) don´t need the auxiliary do/does/did. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Is she cooking food? </li></ul><ul><li>*Can I have a toy? </li></ul><ul><li>*Have you got the FCE certification? </li></ul>QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Yes/no questions.
  4. 4. QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Yes/no questions. <ul><li>3-Negative yes/no questions expect a particular answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: *Didn´t he cook for you yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>*Isn´t she playing with barbies? </li></ul><ul><li>*Haven´t you ride that bike? </li></ul>
  5. 5. QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Wh- questions. <ul><li>1-Questions words(who, what, where, when, whose, why, which and how) come at the beginning of the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: *Why did you answer that question? </li></ul><ul><li>*What we are going to do? </li></ul><ul><li>*Who is she? </li></ul>
  6. 6. QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Wh- questions. <ul><li>2-If who, what or which is the subject of the sentence, we don´t use auxiliary, we use normal sentence word order. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Who went to the party? </li></ul><ul><li>*What tv show you like? </li></ul><ul><li>*Which contest you won? </li></ul>
  7. 7. QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Wh- questions. <ul><li>3-If there is a preposition, it comes at the end of the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Who did you gave that for? </li></ul><ul><li>*Who did you borrowed that for? </li></ul><ul><li>*What subject you are studing about? </li></ul>
  8. 8. QUESTION FORMS…. *Direct questions.* Alternative questions <ul><li>1-There are two types of alternative questions; yes/no type and wh-type. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Do you like to eat sushi or tacos? </li></ul><ul><li>*What do you want to do, cook or eat? </li></ul><ul><li>*Do you want to play the guitar or sing? </li></ul>
  9. 9. QUESTION FORMS…. *Indirect questions.* <ul><li>1-Use statements word order. They are used to be more polite or tentative. We use if/whether for yes/no type indirect questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Could you tell me if we are going to the movies? </li></ul><ul><li>*I´d like to know what you name is? </li></ul><ul><li>*Do you know who she is? </li></ul>
  10. 10. QUESTION FORMS…. *Questions tags.* <ul><li>1- Are short questions at the end of the statement. The speaker often expects a particular answer and is using a question tag to confirm what she/he already knows. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive statement + negative question tag. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*She like to swim, doesn´t she? </li></ul><ul><li>*He leaves here, doesn´t he? </li></ul><ul><li>*You´ve taken that before, haven´t you? </li></ul><ul><li>Negative statement + positive question tag. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*She isn´t doing the hw, is she? </li></ul><ul><li>*You didn´t play very well, did you? </li></ul><ul><li>*He isn´t trying to do an effort, is he? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prepositions *Place* <ul><li>1- AT: Shows a point in space where something is happening. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At school. </li></ul><ul><li>* At the begining. </li></ul><ul><li>2- IN: Shows that something taking place is inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* In the middle. </li></ul><ul><li>* In the stadium. </li></ul><ul><li>3- ON: Shows that something taking place is on something. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* On the closet. </li></ul><ul><li>* On the desk. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prepositions *Time* <ul><li>1- AT: Used for clock times, points of time in the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At 6:00am. </li></ul><ul><li>* At breakfast. </li></ul><ul><li>2- IN: Used for the main parts of the day, months, years, seasons, centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* In may. </li></ul><ul><li>* In 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>3- ON: Used for specifics dates and days. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* On thanksgiving. </li></ul><ul><li>* On Thursday. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prepositions *Movement* <ul><li>1- AT: We use at with arrive. We use at to show the person or thing the action is aimed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*We arrived at home. </li></ul><ul><li>*He wait she at the party. </li></ul><ul><li>2- TO: We generally use to with verbs of movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I returned to school last week. </li></ul><ul><li>*You traveled to europe. </li></ul><ul><li>3- INTO: We use into with verbs that mean to move from outside to inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I walk into the house. </li></ul><ul><li>*She get into her bed to sleep. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prepositions *Movement* <ul><li>4- TOWARDS: It means moving or pointing in a particular direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He walks towards me. </li></ul><ul><li>*I go towards my father. </li></ul><ul><li>5- AT THE END/IN THE END: At the end is a prepositionas phrase which is usually followed by a noun. It refers to the final point. In the end is a linking phrase which means finally after a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At the end of the match, barcelona won. </li></ul><ul><li>* In the end , we try to do better things. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Unit 2
  16. 16. Present simple. <ul><li>1-With routine or regular repeated actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I go to the school 5 days a week. </li></ul><ul><li>*My grandfather goes to walk every afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>2-In time clauses with a future meaning after when, as soon as, if, until. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I´ll do the hw when I finished to eat. </li></ul><ul><li>*Talk to him if you see it. </li></ul><ul><li>3-When we are talking about permanent situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I´m from Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>*He lives in Las Quintas. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Present simple. <ul><li>4-When we are talking about future as expressed in timetables, regulations and programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*She leaves here at 7:00pm. </li></ul><ul><li>*He goes out at 5:00pm. </li></ul><ul><li>5-With scientifics facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Bombs explodes at 100 degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>*The UV lightings afects our skin. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Present simple. <ul><li>6-With state verbs which are not normally used in continous forms: be, have, depend, know, think, understand, disagree, like, want, hear, love, see, smell, taste. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*This food smells really good. </li></ul><ul><li>*He loves to play the guitar. </li></ul><ul><li>7-In spoken instructions, sports, commentaries, jokes and formal letters. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Cuco cervantes makes a homerun. </li></ul><ul><li>*Memo ochoa plays incredible. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Present continous. <ul><li>1-Actions happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s playing videogames. </li></ul><ul><li>*She´s working for her project. </li></ul><ul><li>2-Changing/developing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Culiacan city is getting bigger. </li></ul><ul><li>*My body is changing. </li></ul><ul><li>3-Temporary situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s going to europe for one week. </li></ul><ul><li>*I´m visiting my uncles only for one hour per day. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Present continous. <ul><li>4-Plans and arrangements in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Are you going to the cinema today? </li></ul><ul><li>*I´m going to go to mazatlan next week. </li></ul><ul><li>5-Annoying or surprising habits with always. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s always inviting people to his house. </li></ul><ul><li>*She´s always writting songs to her boyfriend. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Modifiers <ul><li>1- Fairly: Usually modifies adjectives and adverbs. It doesn´t suggest a high degree. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I´m fairly good at soccer but I like it. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Quite: Suggest a higher degree than fairly. It can be used with a/an and usually comes before that. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s quite intelligent for his grade. </li></ul><ul><li>3- Pretty: Is stronger than quite. It can suggest more than was expected. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*She is pretty good at soccer. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Modifiers <ul><li>4- A bit: Is often used with the same meaning as a little.When is used with non-comparative adjectives, the meaning is usually negative or critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s a bit tall to be in this ride. </li></ul><ul><li>5- Really: Is used to show emphasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I´m really hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Extremly, incredibly, terribly: Are stronger than very. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He was extremly mad because he lose the game. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Unit 3
  24. 24. Types of comparison. <ul><li>1- To a higher degree: </li></ul><ul><li>(Comparative form + than) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s taller than me. </li></ul><ul><li>2- To the same degree: </li></ul><ul><li>(As….as) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Hitting people is as annoying as telling bad words. </li></ul><ul><li>3- To a lower degree: </li></ul><ul><li>(With less + than and the least) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He usually look the least cheap things to buy it. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Types of comparison. <ul><li>4- (Not) as….as: We use not as…as to compare things which are different. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He´s not as intelligent as he was last year. </li></ul><ul><li>5- As….as: We use as…as to compare things which are the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*My friend is as gorgeous as she. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Reflexives <ul><li>1-When the object is the same person/thing as the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*My tv turns itself on when I need to wake up early. </li></ul><ul><li>*A bentley turns itself on when you say turn on. </li></ul><ul><li>2-When you want to emphasise the subject or the object. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I play with my sister herself. </li></ul><ul><li>*He himself is trying to do an exam. </li></ul><ul><li>3-With by to mean alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I do my hw by myself. </li></ul><ul><li>*She made that cake by herself. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Own. <ul><li>1- On my own/on his own, etc: To mean without the help of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I do that party on my own , the other people were resting. </li></ul><ul><li>*He make all the dinner on his own . </li></ul><ul><li>2- On my own/on his own, etc: To mean alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I´ll go to the malecon on my own . </li></ul><ul><li>*She is depressed and she want to be on her own . </li></ul><ul><li>3- my own/his own, etc: To mean belonging to no other person. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I have my own room. </li></ul><ul><li>*She bought her own cellphone. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Unit 4
  29. 29. Narrative tenses *Past simple* <ul><li>1-To talk about events in the past that are now finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*The 2006 world cup is finished. </li></ul><ul><li>2-To talk about habits in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I worked in oxxo for 3 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>3-To talk about situations in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*When I was child, I played with toys. </li></ul><ul><li>4-In reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He said he wouldn´t do the hw. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Narrative tenses *Past continous* <ul><li>1-To talk about actions in progress in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He was speaking very well, trying to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>2-To talk about temporary situations in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Last Saturday´s I was going to english classes. </li></ul><ul><li>3-To talk about anticipates events that did not happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I was going to go with my friends on Thursday but I need to go to mazatlan so I can´t go with them. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Narrative tenses *Past continous* <ul><li>4-To talk about an event that was in progress when another event happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I was dancing in a party when it started to rain. </li></ul><ul><li>5-To talk about actions in progress at the same time in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*While I was doing my hw, my sister was watching the tv. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Narrative tenses *Past perfect simple* <ul><li>1-Use to refer to a time earlier than another past time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I passed in front my house, I had opened the door. </li></ul><ul><li>2-In reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He said he had a party yesterday. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Narrative tenses *Past perfect continous* <ul><li>1-To talk about actions or situations which had continued up to the past moment that we are thinking about. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I had been writting an essay. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Time conjunctions. <ul><li>1- As, when, while: Can introduce a background action/situation which is going on while something else happens. All can go at the beginning of the sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>- While: To describe 2 longer actions going at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* While I was finishing the hw, my dad was arriving to home. </li></ul><ul><li>- AS: Is used to talk about 2 situations that develops or change together. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* As I finished my school, I will look for a job. </li></ul><ul><li>- When: To refer to periods of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* When I was with my uncles, I played with my cousins. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Time conjunctions. <ul><li>2- Eventually/Finally: Mean in the end. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*There was a long queue for enter to the cinema and finally I can enter. </li></ul><ul><li>3- At first/To begin with: Refer to the beginning of a situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* At first I liked help people, but then It was annoying. </li></ul><ul><li>4- As soon as/Then: Can be use to talk about 2 actions that happen very quickly one after the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*Someone pitch me the ball, then I hit it. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Time conjunctions. <ul><li>5- After/Afterwards/After that: After is not usually used alone. Instead we use other expressions like afterwards or after that. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*We are going to see tomateros, after that we are going to my friend house. </li></ul><ul><li>6- By the time: Is used before a verb and means not later than. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He will be waking up by the time you entered to school </li></ul>
  37. 37. Unit 5
  38. 38. Modals. *Asking for and giving permission* <ul><li>1- Can: We can use to ask for and give a permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You can drive the car. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Could: To ask permission when you are not sure what the answer will be. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* Could I enter? </li></ul><ul><li>3- May: To ask for or give a permission in formal situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You may take notes. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Modals. *Obligation* <ul><li>1- Should and Ought to: To talk about obligations and duties in the future, present and past. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You should go to the doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>*He ought to do the hw. </li></ul><ul><li>Should + have + past participle is often used </li></ul><ul><li>to criticise your own or other people behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You should have walked more. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Modals. *Strong obligation and necessary* <ul><li>1- Must: Talk about present and future strong obligations and necessities that come frome the speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You must finish your lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>-Ask about what the listeneer wants you to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:* Must I eat this food? </li></ul><ul><li>-Tell people not to do things. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You mustn´t throw garbage here. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Modals. *Strong obligation and necessary* <ul><li>2- Have to/Have got: Talk about present and future strong obligations that do not come from the speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I have to do the english project. </li></ul><ul><li>-Talk about past and reported obligations of all kinds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He had to do more exersise. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Modals. *Lack of obligation* <ul><li>1- Needn´t/Don´t need to/Don´t have to: To talk about a lack of obligationin the present or future. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You needn´t do the exam. </li></ul><ul><li>*He don´t need to change his clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>*I don´t have to go if I dont want. </li></ul><ul><li>Needn´t + have + past participle: We used to say that somebodydid something,but that it was unnecessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*You needn´t have gone to the store. </li></ul><ul><li>- Didn´t need to + infinitive: To say that something wasn´t necessary without saying whether the person did it or not. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*He didn´t need to watch a horror movie. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Used to & Would. <ul><li>1- Used to: To talk about past habits and states that do not occur now or no longer exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I used to eat gerber. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Would: To talk about past habits and repeated actions but not about past tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:*I would swim after school. </li></ul>
  44. 44. THE END...

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