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  1. 1. John McPherson APHG Period 5
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Area was seized by Potawatomie people </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1833 population of 200 </li></ul><ul><li>Major hub of Railroad industry because of location. </li></ul><ul><li>Great fire of 1871 destroyed 1/3 of city and the CBD </li></ul><ul><li>After the fire the cities experience rapid growth and expansion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chi-town <ul><li>5 main sections. Downtown, East, West, South, and North. </li></ul><ul><li>7,300 Acres of parks and 33 public beaches. </li></ul><ul><li>More than ½ the population of IL lives in the Chicago metropolitan area </li></ul>
  4. 4. Random Facts <ul><li>In the 1920s Chicago saw an explosion of organized crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Hosted the 1968 Democratic Convention. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed the worlds tallest building at the time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Culture <ul><li>Joffrey Ballet, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Theatre, Art Institute of Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Style Pizza. </li></ul><ul><li>Was voted best sports town of America in 2006. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Loop <ul><li>Downtown is the center of Chicago's cultural, commercial and financial institutions, and home to Grant Park and many of the city's skyscrapers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the city's financial institutions are located within a section of downtown called &quot;The Loop&quot;, which is an eight block by five block square of city streets that are encircled by elevated rail tracks </li></ul>
  7. 8. Location <ul><li>41° 50′ 13″ N, 87° 41′ 4″ W </li></ul><ul><li>Northeastern Illinois at the southern tip of lake Michigan. </li></ul><ul><li>Hub between east and west. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Demographics <ul><li>2.8 million, third larges city in US. </li></ul><ul><li>Area was settled in 1770s but city of Chicago wasn’t founded until 1833. </li></ul><ul><li>42% of population white, 34% black, 33% other. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of large multi-ethnic population a wide variety of faiths are practiced. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Gender population <ul><li>Male: 1,299,933 (48.11%) Female: 1,401,993 (51.89%) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Transportation <ul><li>Major transportation hub of US. </li></ul><ul><li>Only city in which six class 1 railroads meet. </li></ul><ul><li>Nine interstate highways run through Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>Two airports Midway and O'Hare(worlds second busiest airport). </li></ul>
  11. 12. Rapid Transit <ul><li>Three public transportation systems. </li></ul><ul><li>CTA, Metro, and Pace. </li></ul><ul><li>CTA operates busses and rapid transport. </li></ul><ul><li>24 hours a days. </li></ul><ul><li>Metro is 11 commuter rail lines into Chicago from suburbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Pace provides busses to 200 stops. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Economy <ul><li>Third largest producing $507 billion a year. </li></ul><ul><li>City has the most balance economy in the US due to its high level of diversification. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago named the fourth most important business center in the world by Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago recorded the greatest number of new or expanded corporate Facilities in the US 6 of the last 7 years. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Economy cont <ul><li>Major financial center. </li></ul><ul><li>Home of Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (Merc). </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing, printing, publishing, and food processing also play major roles in Chicago's economy. </li></ul>
  14. 15. City Classification <ul><li>World Cities Study Group rated Chicago an alpha city due to its important role in the Global Economy. </li></ul>