Not Separate but Not Equal
(Racism In Education)
Presented By: Johnny Ailey
What is Social Justice?
Social justice is the view that everyone
deserves equal economic, political and social
rights and opportunities.
Encyclopedia of Social Work
(19th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 95-100).
What is Racism?
The belief that race accounts for differences in
human character or ability and that a
particular race is superior to others.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language
"When attempting to correct so many
generations of bad faith and cruelty operating
in classroom and society, you will meet the
most fantastic, brutal, determined resistance.
There is no need in pretending this will not
Why Should We Be Concerned?
Children across the nation are entitled to a
quality education and equal access to that
education. The United States has
acknowledged this right of children, but so far
the country has not turned it into a reality.
Most times in lower economic communities
there are basically Blacks, Hispanics and other
minorities. Sometimes, when there are nonminorities teachers in a low economic area
they do not expect the minorities to measure
up to white-Americans academic
achievements. It affects the minorities by not
giving them an equal opportunity to learn and
further their accomplishments in education.
What impact does Social Justice Have
• Individual Racism
• Institutional Form of Racism
Refers to an individual's racist assumptions,
beliefs or behaviors and is "a form of racial
discrimination that stems from conscious and
unconscious, personal prejudice." (Henry &
Tator, 2006, p. 329). Individual Racism is
connected to/learned from broader socioeconomic histories and processes and is
supported and reinforced by systemic racism.
Institutional Form of Racism
Includes the policies and practices entrenched
in established institutions, which result in the
exclusion or promotion of designated groups.
It differs from overt discrimination in that no
individual intent is necessary.
(Toronto Mayor's Committee on Community and Race Relations. Race Relations.
Myths and Facts)
“It is teachers and parents - not central
government - that know what is happening in
their schools, and they are best placed to deal
with racist behavior when it happens”
Department for Education
Building the Future for All Students
We believe that No child will be knowingly
discriminated by ethnicity, culture, gender, or
Our policy includes…
• All teachers are required to instruct students
to reach their full potential regardless of
ethnicity, gender, religion and social economic
We Believe That…
When all students are valued and created equal
we build a bridge with a foundation of
equality, students can succeed with our help
to become better leaders in their community,
school, home, and most importantly
throughout the nation.
The Potential Barriers
• Increased evaluation of teachers in classrooms
to make sure the policy is properly
• The curriculum would be in more depth to
insure all students are on target level.
Call To Action
The United States must make the necessary
steps to address the problems in the American
public education system before the education
system will ever reflect the intent of the
Brown decision. We may not uphold the
"separate but equal" doctrine but we have
certainly not created an integrated and equal
To move forward for social justice, educators
need the strategies, revolutionary ones in
some contexts, for rethinking and taking
leadership for school practices to better meet
diverse students’ needs. Also, educators need
the language to translate intellectual concepts
into practice and experiential understandings.
Raise Awareness to
Education System for ALL students
Join Me, Make A Connection
Change, Change, Change…
Be Smart. Have Heart.