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Portsmouth 14-10-11 part 1


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Parliamentary Outreach presentation for Portsmouth's Local Democracy week 2011 - Friday 14th October 2011 - Part one

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Portsmouth 14-10-11 part 1

  1. 1. October 2011 An Introduction to Parliament
  2. 2. <ul><li>About Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>The Election </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Role of an MP </li></ul><ul><li>Get Involved </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament and Government </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A service from the Houses of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Politically neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Aim is to increase knowledge and engagement with work and processes of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Not an alternative to MPs </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>House of Commons </li></ul>House of Lords The Monarch
  5. 6. <ul><li>Makes and passes laws </li></ul><ul><li>(Legislation) </li></ul>Holds Government to account Enables the Government to set taxes
  6. 7. <ul><li>Parliament debates and discusses a huge range of subjects that affect us all </li></ul><ul><li>Health and housing, schools and pensions, jobs and training, the way in which we choose our politicians, the way our streets are policed, laws on immigration, roads and railways, how our energy is provided – all are topics debated in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Your representative in Parliament can raise issues important to you </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>The democratically elected chamber of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>There are currently </li></ul><ul><li>650 MPs </li></ul>All MPs are elected at least every 5 years
  8. 10. <ul><li>Making and passing laws </li></ul><ul><li>Holding the Government to account </li></ul><ul><li>Raising key issues </li></ul><ul><li>Representing constituents </li></ul><ul><li>Approving the Budget, public expenditure and allowing government to set taxation. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>The House of Lords is the second chamber of Parliament, often known as the revising House </li></ul><ul><li>There are currently 831 Members (as at April 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>715 Life Peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>91 Hereditary Peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 Bishops </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Scrutinise and make legislation </li></ul><ul><li>They play an important role in the passing of laws </li></ul><ul><li>Hold Ministers to account through questions and debates </li></ul><ul><li>Debate key issues at length </li></ul><ul><li>and in detail </li></ul><ul><li>Scrutinise EU legislation </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>A politically neutral role </li></ul><ul><li>Signs off laws passed by Parliament (Royal Assent) </li></ul><ul><li>Opens Parliament each year </li></ul>
  12. 15. The Prime Minister The Cabinet
  13. 16. <ul><li>The party, or parties, that can command a majority of seats in the House of Commons forms the Government </li></ul><ul><li>The Government runs public departments </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. The Home Office, Benefits Agency </li></ul><ul><li>The Government proposes new laws to Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>The Government is accountable to Parliament </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>Commons, Lords, </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch </li></ul><ul><li>Holds Government </li></ul><ul><li>to account </li></ul><ul><li>Passes laws </li></ul><ul><li>Enables taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Represents public </li></ul><ul><li>Raises key issues </li></ul><ul><li>Some MPs and some Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Chosen by the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Runs Government departments and public services </li></ul><ul><li>Accountable to Parliament </li></ul>Government (Whitehall)
  15. 18. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>020 7219 4272 – Commons information </li></ul><ul><li>020 7219 3107 – Lords information </li></ul>