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Urban and rural             communitiesMUNITIES
COMMUNITYMUNITIES
Definitions of Community           COMMUNITY           is a common type of place where one lives,           works and pla...
RURAL COMMUNITYMUNITIES
RURAL CULTURE AND SOCIAL                       STRUCTURE           Communities are small           Occupation of people ...
RURAL COMMUNITIES IN THE                         PHILIPPINES           Some places are not exactly as peaceful as it used...
THE RURAL FAMILY           There are more nuclear than extended           families           Husband and wife more or le...
RURAL EDUCATION           Ambition of most people in rural areas           is for children to achieve college           e...
RURAL RELIGION           Majority are Roman Catholics           There are also Iglesia ni Cristo,           Jehova‟s Wit...
RURAL RECREATION           Facilities for cultural growth and           recreation are limited           Visiting and ch...
RURAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION           Children and adults die of           respiratory, gastro intestinal, and           o...
URBAN COMMUNITYMUNITIES
URBANIZATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE           Urbanization- process of concentrating people                  within a r...
URBANIZATION IN DEVELOPING                      COUNTRIES           Take place in the developing           countries of A...
URBANIZATION IN THE                       PHILIPPINES           The country was in early stage of           urbanization ...
URBAN CULTURE AND SOCIAL CULTURE           Urban communities have high densities           of population           Urban...
THE URBAN FAMILY           Change in norms of courtship and marriage practices               1. young people choose one‟s...
URBAN ECOLOGICAL PROCESS           Concentration- the increase of population in a                  given area which is det...
SQUATTERS AND SLUMS           Squatters- persons who occupy vacant lots                   owned by the government or priva...
THAT‟S ALL             FOLKSMUNITIES
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Urban and rural environment

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Urban and rural environment

  1. 1. Urban and rural communitiesMUNITIES
  2. 2. COMMUNITYMUNITIES
  3. 3. Definitions of Community COMMUNITY is a common type of place where one lives, works and plays a social organization that is “territorially localized and through which its members satisfy most of their daily needs and deal with most of their common problems” (Olsen 1968:91) a process or a movement toward unity in the system of social life, an ongoing movement which is never completed or finished (Martindale 1984:11)MUNITIES
  4. 4. RURAL COMMUNITYMUNITIES
  5. 5. RURAL CULTURE AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE Communities are small Occupation of people are usually fishing, agriculture and food gathering Population density is low There is competition Cultural advantages are fewMUNITIES
  6. 6. RURAL COMMUNITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES Some places are not exactly as peaceful as it used to be Mountains and forests have been denuded, rivers and streams are polluted, and animals have been decimated by hunters Houses are made up of galvanized iron and concrete walls Rural persons have closer communion and steadier contact with the soil and other forces of nature than urban counterpart Recreational facilities and cultural activities are limited Communication media consists of newspapers which are scanty Roads are usually dirt and covered with gravel and sandMUNITIES
  7. 7. THE RURAL FAMILY There are more nuclear than extended families Husband and wife more or less have equal authority There is a strong dependence on the family Some traditional practices regarding courtship still persistMUNITIES
  8. 8. RURAL EDUCATION Ambition of most people in rural areas is for children to achieve college education Elementary schools are intended to provide for the development of basic skills in reading, writing and arithmetic Secondary schools provide general education and terminal education through vocational training Various programs have been undertaken to improve level of education.MUNITIES
  9. 9. RURAL RELIGION Majority are Roman Catholics There are also Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehova‟s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists and Mormons Muslims on Mindanao There are activities such as catechism, family life programs, and activities for mutual helpMUNITIES
  10. 10. RURAL RECREATION Facilities for cultural growth and recreation are limited Visiting and chatting with friends Pangiungue and other card games are common for women and cockfighting and jueteng for men Mahjong, bingo and checkers are becoming popular Young boys play basketball, baseball, volleyball, sipa Sungka is played by girlsMUNITIES
  11. 11. RURAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION Children and adults die of respiratory, gastro intestinal, and other communicable disease and worm infection Alarming incidence of malnutrition Health services are limitedMUNITIES
  12. 12. URBAN COMMUNITYMUNITIES
  13. 13. URBANIZATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Urbanization- process of concentrating people within a relatively small geographic area - refers to an increase in the number and size of centers of population in a society First cities appeared in the Middle East Mesopotamia In Asia, cities were formed in northwest India in the Indus River Vallet and Yellow River basin in China In Europe, Rome is consideres as the greatest cityMUNITIES
  14. 14. URBANIZATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Take place in the developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America Third world cities are centers of power and privilege Urbanization is result of economic development policiesMUNITIES
  15. 15. URBANIZATION IN THE PHILIPPINES The country was in early stage of urbanization in 1903 Between 1948 to 1975, pace of urbanization is slow As of 1990, highest urbanized area in the Philippines is the NCR; lowest urbanized area is Cagayan Valley Migration from rural to urban resulted in unbalanced growth patternMUNITIES
  16. 16. URBAN CULTURE AND SOCIAL CULTURE Urban communities have high densities of population Urban communities is a socially heterogeneous populace Have complex social structure which influences social behavior City is a natural ecological system consisting of natural areas such as central business districts, residential areas, industrial zones and dynamic interaction with each other There is a rapid social changeMUNITIES
  17. 17. THE URBAN FAMILY Change in norms of courtship and marriage practices 1. young people choose one‟s mate on the basis of romantic love 2. Chaperoning has declined 3. Courtship and engagement become shorter 4. Boy or girl tends to play the field before going steady with a partner Has an increasing number of „live-ins‟ and extramarital birth Care and support of aged parents is still accepted as a moral obligation and responsibility High school students in Metro Manila still has a strong positive attitude toward them and hold on to the traditional value orientation of love and respect for the elderly Lesser working wivesMUNITIES
  18. 18. URBAN ECOLOGICAL PROCESS Concentration- the increase of population in a given area which is determined by density of population Gradient- refers to the condition of receding degrees of dominance from a selected dominant center Invasion- occurs when new types of people enter an area which is occupied by a different type Ecological Segregation- people differ from one another according to ethnic group, religion, social class, or occupationMUNITIES
  19. 19. SQUATTERS AND SLUMS Squatters- persons who occupy vacant lots owned by the government or private persons even without legal rights to do so Consequence of rapid growth in the city Found on riverbanks, railway tracks, esteros, and under the bridges Some live in pushcarts and parks under the trees, sidewalks, and other vacant places Slums- term applied to residential areas characterized by overcrowding Culture of poverty People in this area made up Manila‟s cheap labor forceMUNITIES
  20. 20. THAT‟S ALL FOLKSMUNITIES

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