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Securing Systems of Engagement

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My presentation to Warwick Manufacturing Group MSc course on 25th June 2015

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Securing Systems of Engagement

  1. 1. © 2015 IBM Corporation Securing Systems of Engagement . . With the meteoric rise in the usage of smartphones and social media V1, 1 May15 John Palfreyman, IBM
  2. 2. © 2015 IBM Corporation 2 1. Cyber Security & Cyber Crime in Context 2. Technology & Business Landscape 3. A Smarter Approach 4. The Future & Concluding Remarks Agenda
  3. 3. © 2015 IBM Corporation Cyber Security & Cyber Crime in Context Who are the bad guys & what are they up to?
  4. 4. © 2015 IBM Corporation 4 Cyber Security – IBM Definition Cyber Security /–n 1. the protection of an organisation and its assets from electronic attack to minimise the risk of business disruption.
  5. 5. © 2015 IBM Corporation 5 Cyber Security - Expanded Hacking Malware Botnets Denial of Service Trojans Cyber-dependent crimes Source : UK Home Office – Cyber Crime: a review of the evidence Oct 13
  6. 6. © 2015 IBM Corporation 6 Cyber Crime Hacking Malware Botnets Denial of Service Trojans Cyber-dependent crime Fraud Bullying Theft Sexual Offences Trafficking Drugs Cyber-enabled crime Source : UK Home Office – Cyber Crime: a review of the evidence Oct 13
  7. 7. © 2015 IBM Corporation 7  Confusion & hype abound  Common attack methods  Common methods of defense / counter / investigation  Data > Insight chain  Prosecution – burden of evidence  Learning & sharing possible, but patchy Cyber Security & (counter) Cyber Crime
  8. 8. © 2015 IBM Corporation 8 Cyber Threat MOTIVATION S O P H I S T I C A T I O N National Security, Economic Espionage Notoriety, Activism, Defamation Hacktivists Lulzsec, Anonymous Monetary Gain Organized crime Zeus, ZeroAccess, Blackhole Exploit Pack Nuisance, Curiosity Insiders, Spammers, Script-kiddies Nigerian 419 Scams, Code Red Nation-state actors, APTs Stuxnet, Aurora, APT-1
  9. 9. © 2015 IBM Corporation A new type of threat Attacker generic Malware / Hacking / DDoS IT Infrastructure Traditional Advanced Persistent Threat Critical data / infrastructure Attacker !
  10. 10. © 2015 IBM Corporation 10 Attack Phases 11 Break-in Spear phishing and remote exploits to gain access Command & Control (CnC) 22 Latch-on Malware and backdoors installed to establish a foothold 33 Expand Reconnaissance & lateral movement increase access & maintain presence 44 Gather Acquisition & aggregation of confidential data Command & Control (CnC) 55 Exfiltrate Get aggregated data out to external network(s)
  11. 11. © 2015 IBM Corporation IBM X-Force 11 March 2015IBM Security Systems IBM X-Force Threat Intelligence Quarterly, 1Q 2015 Explore the latest security trends—from “designer vulns” to mutations in malware— based on 2014 year-end data and ongoing research
  12. 12. © 2015 IBM Corporation Technology & Business Landscape New opportunities for cyber crime!
  13. 13. © 2015 IBM Corporation 13 Smarter Planet Instrumented – Interconnected - Intelligent
  14. 14. © 2015 IBM Corporation 14 Cloud DRIVERS Speed & agility Fast Innovation CAPEX to OPEX USE CASES SCM, HR, CRM as a SERVICE Predictive Analytics as a SERVICE
  15. 15. © 2015 IBM Corporation 15 Mobile DRIVERS Mobility in Business Agility & flexibility Rate of technology change USE CASES Information capture, workflow management Education where & when needed Case advice Map
  16. 16. © 2015 IBM Corporation 16 Big Data / Analytics DRIVERS Drowning in Data Insight for SMARTER More UNRELIABLE data USE CASES Citizen Sentiment Predictive Policing OSINT augmentation Open Source Internal Sources Intelligence Analysis SIGINT BiometricsEmail GeoINT Telephone Records Data Records
  17. 17. © 2015 IBM Corporation 17 Social Business DRIVERS Use of Social Channels Smart Employment Personnel Rotation USE CASES Citizen Sentiment Counter Terrorism Knowledge Retention Gather INTELLIGENCE •Social Media as OSINT •Individuals, Groups, Events •Supplement traditional sources Efficient WORKING •Breaking down Silos •Collaboration •“Self help” Culture Leverage KNOWLEDGE •Access to Experts, Content •Collaborative Ventures •Enables Innovation Positive IMAGE •Promotion / marketing •Recruiting •Citizen engagement InternalExternal
  18. 18. © 2015 IBM Corporation 18 Systems of Engagement  Collaborative  Interaction oriented  User centric  Unpredictable  Dynamic Big Data / Analytics Cloud Social Business Mobile
  19. 19. © 2015 IBM Corporation 19 Use Case – European Air Force Secure Mobile CHALLENGE •Support Organisational Transformation •HQ Task Distribution •Senior Staff demanding Mobile Access SOLUTION •IBM Connections •MS Sharepoint Integration •MaaS 360 based Tablet Security BENEFITS •Improved work efficiency •Consistent & timely information access •Secure MODERN tablet
  20. 20. © 2015 IBM Corporation 20 The Millennial Generation EXPECT . . . to embrace technology for improved productivity and simplicity in their personal lives tools that seem made for and by them freedom of choice, embracing change and innovation INNOVATE . . . •Actively involve a large user population •Work at Internet Scale and Speed •Discover the points of value via iteration •Engage the Millennial generation
  21. 21. © 2015 IBM Corporation Smart Phones (& Tablets) . . . 21  Used in the same way as a personal computer  Ever increasing functionality (app store culture) . . .  . . . and often more accessible architectures  Offer “anywhere” banking, social media, e-mail . . .  Include non-PC (!) features Context, MMS, TXT  Emergence of authentication devices
  22. 22. © 2015 IBM Corporation . . . are harder to defend ? . . . 22  Anti-virus software missing, or inadequate  Encryption / decryption drains the battery  Battery life is always a challenge  Stolen or “found” devices– easy to loose  Malware, mobile spyware, impersonation  Extends set of attack vectors  Much R&D into securing platform
  23. 23. © 2015 IBM Corporation . . . and Bring your Own Device now mainstream 23  Bring-your-own device expected  Securing corporate data  Additional complexities  Purpose-specific endpoints  Device Management
  24. 24. © 2015 IBM Corporation Social Media – Lifestyle Centric Computing 24 www.theconversationprism.com  Different Channels  Web centric  Conversational  Personal  Open  Explosive growth
  25. 25. © 2015 IBM Corporation Social Media – Special Security Challenges 25Source: Digital Shadows, Sophos, Facebook  Too much information  Online impersonation  Trust / Social Engineering / PSYOP  Targeting (Advanced, Persistent Threat) Source: Digital Shadows, Sophos, Facebook
  26. 26. © 2015 IBM Corporation A Smarter Approach to countering cyber crime
  27. 27. © 2015 IBM Corporation 27 Balance Technical Mitigation Better firewalls Improved anti-virus Advanced Crypto People Mitigation Leadership Education Culture Process
  28. 28. © 2015 IBM Corporation 28  Monitor threats  Understand (your) systems  Assess Impact & Probability  Design containment mechanisms  Don’t expect perfect defences  Containment & quarantine planning  Learn & improve Risk Management Approach
  29. 29. © 2015 IBM Corporation Securing a Mobile Device DEVICE •Enrolment & access control •Security Policy enforcement •Secure data container •Remote wipe TRANSACTION •Allow transactions on individual basis •Device monitoring & event detection •Sever risk engine – allow, restrict, flag for review APPLICATION •Endpoint management – software •Application: secure by design •Application scanning for vulnerabilities ACCESS •Enforce access policies •Approved devices and users •Context aware authorisation 29
  30. 30. © 2015 IBM Corporation Secure, Social Business 30 LEADERSHIP •More senior, most impact •Important to leader, important to all •Setting “tone” for culture CULTURE •Everyone knows importance AND risk •Full but SAFE usage •Mentoring PROCESS •What’s allowed, what’s not •Internal & external usage •Smart, real time black listing EDUCATION •Online education (benefits, risks) •Annual recertification •For all, at all levels
  31. 31. © 2015 IBM Corporation The Future & Concluding Remarks What next . . .
  32. 32. © 2015 IBM Corporation 32 Global Technology Outlook – Beyond Systems of Engagement
  33. 33. © 2015 IBM Corporation 33 Contextual, Adaptive Security Monitor and Distill Correlate and Predict Adapt and Pre-empt Security 3.0 Risk Prediction and Planning Encompassing event correlation, risk prediction, business impact assessment and defensive strategy formulation Multi-level monitoring & big data analytics Ranging from active, in device to passive monitoring Adaptive and optimized response Adapt network architecture, access protocols / privileges to maximize attacker workload
  34. 34. © 2015 IBM Corporation 34 1. Are you ready to respond to a cyber crime or security incident and quickly remediate? 2. Do you have the visibility and analytics needed to monitor threats? 3. Do you know where your corporate crown jewels are and are they adequately protected? 4. Can you manage your endpoints from servers to mobile devices and control network access? 5. Do you build security in and continuously test all critical web/mobile applications? 6. Can you automatically manage and limit the identities and access of your employees, partners and vendors to your enterprise? 7. Do you have a risk aware culture and management system that can ensure compliance? Fitness for Purpose
  35. 35. © 2015 IBM Corporation 35 1. Many Similarities – Cyber Crime vs Security – Threat Sophistication 2. Social Business & Mobile offer transformational value 3. New vulnerabilities need to be understood to be mitigated 4. Mitigation needs to be balanced, risk management based and “designed in” Summary
  36. 36. © 2015 IBM Corporation Thanks John Palfreyman, IBM 2dsegma@uk.ibm.com

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