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Crop ProductionPrecision Ag TechnologiesJohn NowatzkiExtension Ag Machine Systems Specialist
Precision Ag for Crop Production• GPS and Guidance and Computers• Section Control – Planters and Sprayers• Variable Rate T...
GPS Guidance• GPS-assisted• Auto-steer• GPS Correction Options:• Free GPS Corrections• Commercial Options• Continuously Op...
Section and Row Control• Planters• Air SeedersPneumaticElectricPlanter RowONWaterway
Precision Spraying Technology• Boom Height Control• Section and Nozzle Control• Nozzle Flow Control• Droplet Size Control•...
Variable Rate Fertilization• Fertilizer, Seed, VarietyEquipment TechnologyLayers to Delineate Management Zones
Variable Rate Fertilization• Equipment and Technology• Zone Maps• Equipment Capable of Changing Rates• In-cab Computer Con...
NH3 Variable Rate Options• Anhydrous Applicator – Fall, Pre-plant, In-season• Strip Till Machine• One-pass when Planting• ...
NH3 Cold-flow UnitMaintainsLiquid FormAnhydrous AmmoniaChange NH3 Gas to LiquidMeasure Flow RateVary Flow Rate
NH3 Equipment Costs - Modifications• Heat Exchanger• Flow Control Meter• Flow Control Valve• Wiring• Speed MeasurementAnhy...
Granular Variable Rate Options• Air/Boom Applicator, Floater/Spreader, Spreader Cart• Fall, Pre-plant, In-season• Air Seed...
Granular Equipment and CostsSpreader CartVariable Rate Hydraulic Motor - $1,500-2,500Control Valve – Encoder - $300Control...
Equipment SuppliersDickey JohnHinikerRavenRawsonMicro-TrakTeejetSuppliers for Dealers
Variable Rate FertilizationDeveloping Management Zones• Grower Knowledge• Historical Yield Data• Remote Sensing• Elevation...
Yield Monitoring and Data Management• Yield Monitors with GPS• GIS Programs
Remote Sensing : Suitability and AccuracyGoogle Earth NAIP – 1 meterSatellite – 15-30 m Zone Maps
LiDAR Technology• Light Detection And Ranging• Optical Remote Sensing using Lasers• Measuring Distance to Ground from Airp...
3D View in Fugro Viewer
1 meter Contours 7.84 meters25.7 feet
James River BasinLiDAR Data• ND Water Commission• http://lidar.swc.nd.gov
Red River Basin LiDAR Datawww.internationalwaterinstitute.org/lidar.htm
Crop Sensors• In-seasonFertilization• Yield Estimate• ManagementZones
Crop SensorsFact Sheethttp://www.ag.ndsu.edu/agmachinery
How Crop Sensors Identify Crop Health• Red Light Absorbed• NIR ReflectedPlants Absorb and Reflect LightRed NIRSensorRed Ab...
Sensor Field Operation• Rate Determination:• NDVI Value• Compare NDVI toOptimum Area• Growing Degree Days• Potential Yield...
GreenSeeker – Trimble• $10,000 - $17,000• Processor• 4 sensors• Cables• Uses N-Rich Strip
OptRx – Ag Leader• $17,000• 3 Sensors• Integra Display• Direct Command kit• Uses Virtual Reference Strip
CropSpec – Topcon• $18,000• Uses N-Rich Strip
Crop Circle – Holland Scientific• $17,500• 3 sensor system with Integra display and DirectCommand kit• Uses Virtual Refere...
GreenSeeker Handheld• $500• Uses N-Rich Strip
Handheld Crop SensorHolland ScientificCBDA
Crop TableHolland ScientificCrop %N lbs/BuMaximum yield (bu/ac)15 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275Spring Wheat 2.4...
$100$50iPad – iPhone app Android coming soon!
Click Tap Read, Repeat
FieldScout App Readout:
In-season Variable Rate• Mount Sensors on side-dress applicator• N-rich strip in each field• Applicator will sense the N-r...
Implications of Crop Sensors• Real-time Plant Nitrogen Requirements• Maximize Yield• Reduce Total N Application• Save Seco...
Why Precision Agriculture?• Maximize Profits• Less Overlap• Reduce Inputs• Increase Yields• Reduce Stress• Protect Environ...
Questions - CommentsOffice 701-231-8213 Cell 701-261-9842John.Nowatzki@ndsu.eduhttp://www.ag.ndsu.edu/agmachinery
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Crop production precision ag technologies 3 20-2013

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Introduction to precision agriculture technologies.

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Crop production precision ag technologies 3 20-2013

  1. 1. Crop ProductionPrecision Ag TechnologiesJohn NowatzkiExtension Ag Machine Systems Specialist
  2. 2. Precision Ag for Crop Production• GPS and Guidance and Computers• Section Control – Planters and Sprayers• Variable Rate Technology• How to Make Field Management Zones• In-field Sensing
  3. 3. GPS Guidance• GPS-assisted• Auto-steer• GPS Correction Options:• Free GPS Corrections• Commercial Options• Continuously Operating ReferenceStation (CORS) – Internet-based• RTK
  4. 4. Section and Row Control• Planters• Air SeedersPneumaticElectricPlanter RowONWaterway
  5. 5. Precision Spraying Technology• Boom Height Control• Section and Nozzle Control• Nozzle Flow Control• Droplet Size Control• As-Applied Maps
  6. 6. Variable Rate Fertilization• Fertilizer, Seed, VarietyEquipment TechnologyLayers to Delineate Management Zones
  7. 7. Variable Rate Fertilization• Equipment and Technology• Zone Maps• Equipment Capable of Changing Rates• In-cab Computer Controller• GPS• Farmer Equipment Options:• Fertilizer Applicator• Air Seeder – Planter• Commercial Options• Consultant Services for Maps• Fertilizer Companies
  8. 8. NH3 Variable Rate Options• Anhydrous Applicator – Fall, Pre-plant, In-season• Strip Till Machine• One-pass when Planting• Separate Seeder or Planter OperationAnhydrous Ammonia
  9. 9. NH3 Cold-flow UnitMaintainsLiquid FormAnhydrous AmmoniaChange NH3 Gas to LiquidMeasure Flow RateVary Flow Rate
  10. 10. NH3 Equipment Costs - Modifications• Heat Exchanger• Flow Control Meter• Flow Control Valve• Wiring• Speed MeasurementAnhydrous AmmoniaFlow Meter - $400Control Valves - $400Heat Exchanger - $1,500
  11. 11. Granular Variable Rate Options• Air/Boom Applicator, Floater/Spreader, Spreader Cart• Fall, Pre-plant, In-season• Air Seeder without Seed• One-pass Air SeederGranular Fertilizer
  12. 12. Granular Equipment and CostsSpreader CartVariable Rate Hydraulic Motor - $1,500-2,500Control Valve – Encoder - $300Controller - $1,200Granular Fertilizer
  13. 13. Equipment SuppliersDickey JohnHinikerRavenRawsonMicro-TrakTeejetSuppliers for Dealers
  14. 14. Variable Rate FertilizationDeveloping Management Zones• Grower Knowledge• Historical Yield Data• Remote Sensing• Elevation• In-field Sensors
  15. 15. Yield Monitoring and Data Management• Yield Monitors with GPS• GIS Programs
  16. 16. Remote Sensing : Suitability and AccuracyGoogle Earth NAIP – 1 meterSatellite – 15-30 m Zone Maps
  17. 17. LiDAR Technology• Light Detection And Ranging• Optical Remote Sensing using Lasers• Measuring Distance to Ground from Airplanemeasures the time delay between transmissionof a pulse and detection of the reflected signal
  18. 18. 3D View in Fugro Viewer
  19. 19. 1 meter Contours 7.84 meters25.7 feet
  20. 20. James River BasinLiDAR Data• ND Water Commission• http://lidar.swc.nd.gov
  21. 21. Red River Basin LiDAR Datawww.internationalwaterinstitute.org/lidar.htm
  22. 22. Crop Sensors• In-seasonFertilization• Yield Estimate• ManagementZones
  23. 23. Crop SensorsFact Sheethttp://www.ag.ndsu.edu/agmachinery
  24. 24. How Crop Sensors Identify Crop Health• Red Light Absorbed• NIR ReflectedPlants Absorb and Reflect LightRed NIRSensorRed Absorbed, NIR Reflected
  25. 25. Sensor Field Operation• Rate Determination:• NDVI Value• Compare NDVI toOptimum Area• Growing Degree Days• Potential Yield• Activate Rate Controller
  26. 26. GreenSeeker – Trimble• $10,000 - $17,000• Processor• 4 sensors• Cables• Uses N-Rich Strip
  27. 27. OptRx – Ag Leader• $17,000• 3 Sensors• Integra Display• Direct Command kit• Uses Virtual Reference Strip
  28. 28. CropSpec – Topcon• $18,000• Uses N-Rich Strip
  29. 29. Crop Circle – Holland Scientific• $17,500• 3 sensor system with Integra display and DirectCommand kit• Uses Virtual Reference Strip
  30. 30. GreenSeeker Handheld• $500• Uses N-Rich Strip
  31. 31. Handheld Crop SensorHolland ScientificCBDA
  32. 32. Crop TableHolland ScientificCrop %N lbs/BuMaximum yield (bu/ac)15 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275Spring Wheat 2.45 60 66.8 134 200 167 334 401 468Winter Wheat 2.30 60 3.76 62.7 125 188 251 314 376 439Dryland corn 1.35 56 99.3 132 165 199 232 265 298 331Irrigated Corn 1.25 56 127 159 191 223 255 286 318 350Barley 1.70 48 22.3 31.7 74.2 111 148 185 223 260Triticale 2.10 54 30.9 51.5 103 155 206 258 309 361Sorghum 1.34 56 102 136 172 205 239 273 307canola 3.10 50 42.3 70.5 141 211 2820.30 x 165 = 49.5 lbs. N1234
  33. 33. $100$50iPad – iPhone app Android coming soon!
  34. 34. Click Tap Read, Repeat
  35. 35. FieldScout App Readout:
  36. 36. In-season Variable Rate• Mount Sensors on side-dress applicator• N-rich strip in each field• Applicator will sense the N-rich strip• Compare each readings with N-rich strip• Use the difference to determine N to apply
  37. 37. Implications of Crop Sensors• Real-time Plant Nitrogen Requirements• Maximize Yield• Reduce Total N Application• Save Second Application in Droughts• Early Yield Prediction• Precision Desiccant Application
  38. 38. Why Precision Agriculture?• Maximize Profits• Less Overlap• Reduce Inputs• Increase Yields• Reduce Stress• Protect Environment• Feed 7 Billion PeopleCurrent World Population:7,105,012,7601804 1 billion1850 1.2 billion1900 1.6 billion1927 2 billion1950 2.55 billion1955 2.8 billion1960 3 billion1965 3.3 billion1970 3.7 billion1975 4 billion1980 4.5 billion1985 4.85 billion1987 5 billion1990 5.3 billion1995 5.7 billion1999 6 billion2000 6.1 billion2005 6.45 billion2010 6.8 billion2011 7 billion
  39. 39. Questions - CommentsOffice 701-231-8213 Cell 701-261-9842John.Nowatzki@ndsu.eduhttp://www.ag.ndsu.edu/agmachinery

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