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Jn3800 2013 audio

  1. jn3800 AUDIO
  3. Today  Think about the linear narratives of audio  Consider different editorial approaches  Look at how audio is being shaped by social media  Look at the future of radio and responsive devices
  4. Origins: Broadcast  Traditionally a linear process  Dominant media form  Listening to a standard broadcast is passive  Radio and more comprehensive recordings need to create a ‘texture of sound’
  5. Hindenburg  Herbert Morrison working for WLS recorded the events as they happened  Followed crash with a range of interviews with survivors and witnesses  Helped to form a stylistic approach to radio news broadcasting
  6. Ofcom: Radio is still relevant  On average, 90% of the UK adult population tuned in to the radio each week in the 12 months to March 2013  Listening to the radio on digital devices has increased to 34.3% of total listening, a 5.1 percentage point increase on last year.  The proportion of radio listeners with a DAB radio set in the home grew to 44%.  Radio listening on a mobile phone has risen from 13% to 20% over the past year.  Total UK radio industry revenues reached £1.19bn in 2012, an increase of 2.8% year on year. Ofcom: The Communications Market 2013
  7. Audio Production: Stylistic approaches  Clips: Short, sharp bursts of information that convey essential information  Vox Pops  Packages: Incorporates script and interviews on a specific theme or issue  Long-form documentaries: A more in-depth, and immersive experience  Bulletins: Live news flash based around breaking information
  8. Overall media landscape (2010)
  9. Proportion of radio consumed (2012)
  10. How this might work on a digital platform…?
  11. What’s happening online  Combined with other media elements rather than a standalone report The BBC  Personal storytelling  Immersive Media: Hope  Access on-demand audio and non-scheduled format: Podcasts and social sharing  Offers users an alternative and ‘ambient’ way of consuming media
  12. Journalistic process  Ask yourself  Is audio the appropriate medium?  Can it be used to add breadth or depth to your piece  Ensure you follow good journalistic practice  Do not misrepresent and be faithful to your interviewees intention.
  13. Kit requirements  Audio can be recorded by a number of devices  Dictaphone  Telephone  Conversion between file types may be required:  Think about  compatibility  compression
  14. Quality  TOP TIP: Always try to acquire recordings at the highest quality possible  CD  Dictaphone  Telephone 44.1 KHz 22 KHz 8KHz 44.1 KHz means the recording device will ‘sample’ the sound 44,100 times a second
  15. Interview technique  Be nice  Control your environment  Ensure the interviewee gives name, rank and serial number  Aim to ask open questions  Avoid utterances such as: yeah, a-ha, mmm…  Try not to interrupt  Use silence to your advantage  Repeat if required  Say thanks
  16. Broadcast voice  Scripting: control your audio  Aim for around three words a second (a pace that is too fast or two slow impacts on overall effect)  Control your interviewee to ensure your content is usable
  17. Post production considerations  Editorial     Technical   Sound can be used to illustrate a story, and add texture Descriptions need to fuel audience’s imagination WARNING: Working with audio (and video) can be time-consuming Tidy, remove noise and equalise if required FX and other additions    Music and other sound effects can be used to move story forward Look at SoundClound for open source music and audio) Additional tools of fade outs/ins, silences and voice manipulation can prove useful
  18. Pre-publication Final checks  Does it make sense?  Does it flow?  Can you hear everything and understand it?  Is the subject matter and interviewee responses accurate and in line with original intentions?
  19. Distribution: Podcasts and social media  Podcasting  Social tools  Blogs
  20. Flickr  Ian Hayhurst   Fernando Candeias   Matt Blaze   tjmwatson   Will Hastings   Joriel "Joz" Jimenez   The National Guard   PolandMFA   formulapuff