»SMART LIFECYCLEDECISIONSRail industry preparesfor BIM challenge» p. 4INDIAExpansion of railinfrastructure vital tosupport economic growth» p. 14COMMUNITYCONNECTIONSGrowing urbanisationdrives investment inintegrated transport schemes» p. 18INNOTRANS2012International reachand global credibilityattracts 125,000 visitors» p. 12People Technologies MarketsISSUE 10 AUTUMN 2012
Within the next decade India isexpected to overtake China as theworld’s fastest growing economy,and the expansion and upgrade ofits rail infrastructure is vital tosupport this growth.SPICINGUPIndia’s love affair with railways began in the mid-18th century when itsfirst routes were built under British colonial rule, and continues to thisday. Rail operator Indian Railways, one of the world’s largest employers,sees 17 million passengers every day use trains on its routes, which cover16,500km.However, despite being a primary mode of transport for many of thecountry’s 1.2 billion inhabitants and accommodating more than a thirdof the country’s freight traffic, rail investment until recently has taken abackseat to spending on roads thanks to a boom in car ownership.GridlockIndia’s 2011 census revealed that car ownership per household jumpedfrom 2.5 percent in 2001 to 4.7 percent in 2011, with a significantincrease in multiple vehicle ownership per household as well. India’sgovernment has poured billions into upgrading the country’s road networkto accommodate the rising traffic. However, this has failed to preventgridlock in urban areas where vehicle ownership per household is higherat an average 9.7 percent.As a result many of the country’s major cities are now investing in publictransport, and in particular metro rail schemes. At the same time, withIndia projected to overtake China in the 2020s as the world’s fastestgrowing economy and most populous nation, the country’s ageing railnetwork is in major need of an upgrade to help sustain such economicgrowth: it is currently running at full capacity, with freight and passengertraffic constantly fighting each other for track space.For these reasons, Balfour Beatty Indias General Manager for Railways,Anil Kumar, says he is confident about the future of rail investment inIndia.MARKETSSmart Planning Smart Implementation Smart Operations14 connect autumn 2012
connect autumn 2012 15“In the last decade there has been a majorfocus on the roads sector, and the conditionof many roads is now as good as Europe,”says Kumar. “The last decade was for theroads, this decade is for the railways.”Vision 2020India’s renewed period of rail investmentkicked off in 2009 with the RailwayMinistrys Vision 2020 report. This planneda radical overhaul of the country’s railnetwork, with 25,000km of new lines tobe built by 2020, plus huge upgrades toexisting rail capacity (see Vision 2020 box).Rather than being merely an aspirationaldocument, the Vision 2020 plans are beingbacked up with government money, withrailways receiving more than £7 billion for2012-13 alone.Added to this, many of Indias authoritiesat the state and local levels have witnessedthe success of Delhis first two phases of itsmetro project in easing traffic congestion –a huge problem for all urban centres – andthere are currently nine metro projectseither under construction or out to tender.Growth potentialIt was the rail sectors huge growthpotential in the coming decade, combinedwith similarly striking opportunities inthe powertransmission sector, that prompted BalfourBeatty Group to establish a local presenceand create Balfour Beatty India in August2011.Balfour Beattys Operations Manager,James Bennett, joined the Indian officein January 2012. He says the rail marketis one where there is both plenty ofopportunity and one where a majorinternational player like Balfour Beatty,with huge experience in rail projectsacross the world, has something differentto offer clients.“Railway construction and electrificationare areas where we have huge expertiseand experience in our traditionalmarkets,” says Bennett.“We will bring added value engineering toprovide the most cost effective solutions.We will use local labour and skills,supported by our international expertise.”Tata Joint VentureAs part of Balfour Beattys strategy toestablish a presence in India, the Groupannounced on 19 October 2012 that ithad entered into a joint venture with TataProjects, the contracting arm of industrialgiant Tata, to pursue urban infrastructureprojects in India.“In the JV with Tata we are establishinga business that focuses on the massivegrowth in urban infrastructure, leveragingeach companys complimentary skills,"says Bennett.The recent Memorandum ofUnderstanding signed betweenthe Indian and BritishGovernments in relationto urbanplanning, redevelopment and renewal willalso pave the way positively for the JV.Bennett adds that as well ascomplimentary skills, Balfour Beatty alsoopted to work with Tata for its core ethicalvalues, and commitment to improvingsafety in line with Balfour Beattys ownZero Harm mandate.Kumar says that health and safetyalong with on-time delivery are areaswhere Balfour Beatty aims to have atransformational impact on the Indianmarket.“In the Indian construction industrywe want to change the time of deliverystandards, which are currently not verygood,” says Kumar.“Balfour Beatty has the right credentialsto deliver projects on time in India, havingdone it many times before on projects acrossthe world. We want to strengthen projectdelivery standards, and we want to set thesafety standards for the industry too.”Balfour Beatty India is currently biddingto work as contractor on a number ofrail projects and three metro projects:Calcutta Metro, Kochi Metro, and theNavi – Mumbai Metro project.16,500km17millionpassengers
16 connect autumn 2012MARKETSSmart Planning Smart Implementation Smart OperationsMetro and freight projectsWhile the contracting arm makes its first steps into the Indianrail market, the Groups professional services business, ParsonsBrinckerhoff, is already a well-established presence in the market. ItsIndian office has taken numerous design and project managementroles across a range of projects, including such major schemes as theDelhi Metro and the Dedicated Freight Corridor (see box right).Parsons Brinckerhoffs Indian Strategic Business DevelopmentDirector, Anindita Das Gupta, says the metro and dedicatedfreight projects in particular represent not just much-needed reliefto congested roads and railway tracks, but are indicative of afundamental shift in Indias landscape as it seeks to become one ofthe planets global economic superpowers.“With the Metro projects, and especially Delhi, we see thegovernment trying to decentralise economic activity from citycentres,” says Das Gupta.“Previously Delhis main business centre was in central Delhi,but it has now developed national capital regions outside Delhi –satellite cities – where the businesses are being driven. It is difficultfor Delhi to provide adequate infrastructure such as utilities thatmajor modern businesses demand, and accommodation is veryexpensive.”Das Gupta adds that offices are being steadily moved out inbusiness clusters, with Delhi’s IT firms being the first to move outto a satellite town.On the freight side, meanwhile, Das Gupta anticipates new townsand industrial centres springing up along what will become keytrade routes created by the Dedicated Freight Corridors.These will run either side of the country, linking Delhi with majorport cities.Current major projectsWhile Vision 2020 comprises chiefly of hugeamounts of upgrade works, from electrificationand new rolling stock to removal of level crossings,there are also a number of major new routes beingbuilt. In particular, there are nine metro projectsacross the country at stages of developmentranging from tender stage to construction. Theseinclude:phase of an ambitious plan to build Delhi an entireMetro network spanning 413km by the 2020swith 20 underground and 16 elevated stations. Theline is due to be operational by the end of 2014(Public Private Partnership) projects, the route spans71km and includes 66 stationsOutside of metro schemes, India’s largest rail project is theDedicated Freight Corridor, which will upgrade freightcapacity across the country running along corridors eastand west of Delhi to India’s port cities and industrialareas. The Western Corridor covers 1,483km and theEastern Corridor a further 1,839km.High Speed Rail routes are also being considered. India’sMinistry of Railways has appointed consultants to preparepre-feasibility studies on seven possible routes, of which ithopes to build at least four as PPPs.
connect autumn 2012 17DEUTSCHInnerhalb der nächsten zehn Jahre ist zu erwarten, dass Indien China als die amschnellsten wachsende Volkswirtschaft überholen wird und dass die Erweiterung undErneuerung der Schieneninfrastruktur des Landes essentiell ist, um dieses Wachstumzu ermöglichen. Die indische Regierung plant eine Generalüberholung des Schienen-netzes. Dabei sollen bis zum Jahr 2020 neue Strecken mit einer Gesamtlänge von25.000 km gebaut sowie die existierenden Schienen in enormem Umfang ausgebautwerden. Derzeit widmet sich ein Großteil der Aktivität den Planungen vonBauvorhaben in Metropolregionen. Im Moment sind neun Projekte entweder im Baubefindlich oder ausgeschrieben. Bei einigen dieser Metroprojekte sowie bei einerGüterverkehrsstrecke, die sich durch das ganze Land zieht, übernimmt ParsonsBrinckerhoff Planungs- und Projektleitungsfunktionen, während das vor kurzemgegründete Unternehmen Balfour Beatty India sich derzeit um mehrere ausgeschrie-bene Großprojekte bewirbt.ITALIANOEntro il prossimo decennio, si prevede che lIndia supererà la Cina come economiacon il più alto tasso di crescita al mondo e lampliamento e la riqualificazione dellapropria infrastruttura ferroviaria sarà fondamentale per supportare tale crescita. Ilgoverno sta, infatti, pianificando una riforma radicale della rete ferroviaria del Paese,con 25.000 Km di nuove linee da realizzarsi entro il 2020, oltre ad un’ampiariqualificazione della rete ferroviaria esistente. La maggior parte delle attività ad oggiin atto è incentrata sulla realizzazione di linee metropolitane, con nove progettiattualmente in corso dopera o in gara. Parsons Brinckerhoff si occupa dellaprogettazione e del project management di alcuni di questi progetti metropolitani,nonché di una linea merci a livello nazionale; mentre Balfour Beatty India, di recentecostituzione, sta partecipando alle gare di appalto per alcune delle principali opere.Vision 2020 – Opportunities in Indian RailIn 2009 India’s Ministry of Railways published its Vision 2020 report, proposing a radical upgrade andextension of the country’s existing rail capacity, with 25,000km of new lines to be built by 2020. Budgetsare being adjusted accordingly, with railways receiving more than £7 billion of government funds for2012-13 alone – the largest annual allocation yet. Targets included in Vision 2020:lines on busy routes, substantial segregation on other routes, and electrification on busy trunk routesdouble-line corridors