As soon as someone isn't breathing, you need to ensure an ambulance has been called. If there are other people around, you can ask them to call the ambulance for you.
The ratio is 30 chest compressions then 2 rescue breaths
No, you don't have to give rescue breaths if you are unable to / unwilling.
You should roll the casualty onto their side to clear their airway, then continue with CPR.
CPR needs to be carried out on a hard surface to ensure chest compressions are effective
The latest European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines recommend a rate of 100 - 120 chest compressions a minute.
Sometimes you may feel ribs break, especially on frail casualties. If this is the case, double check your hand position (your hands should be in the middle of the casualty's chest, over the breastbone) and continue.
For a larger child, you may have to use two hands.
Unfortunately the casualty is unlikely to recover during CPR, you are merely 'buying time' before the defibrillator arrives.
CPR Quiz - free online first aid training
CPR Quiz There are 14 multiple choice questions. Click on the answer you think is correct to navigate the quiz. Last updated: 23/05/2011 Learnfirstaid.org
Learnfirstaid.org If you find someone collapsed, what is the first thing you should you do? Try and wake them up See if they are breathing Call for help Check for danger
Learnfirstaid.org How should you open someone’s airway? Tilt their head to one side Move their tongue using your fingers Do nothing - you shouldn’t move them Tilt their head backwards Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org How long should you check for breathing for? Up to 5 seconds Up to 10 seconds Up to 15 seconds There is no limit Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org If someone isn’t breathing, what is the first thing you should do? Give 2 rescue breaths Give 30 chest compressions Check their pulse Call an ambulance Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org On an adult casualty, what is the ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths? 30:2 15:2 2:30 5:1 Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org Do you have to give rescue breaths? Yes No Only if the casualty is a child Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org If a casualty vomits during CPR what should you do? Stop Continue as normal Quickly roll them to one side to clear the vomit, then continue Inform the ambulance service Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org When should you stop doing CPR? If the casualty shows signs of life If you become exhausted If the area becomes too dangerous All of these reasons Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org Can you do CPR on a normal bed? Yes No Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org What rate of chest compressions should you aim for? 90 - 100 / minute 100 / minute 100 - 120 / minute As fast as you can manage Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org What should you do if you feel a rib break during chest compressions? Immediately stop CPR Do nothing Check your hands are positioned correctly and continue Do rescue breaths only Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org What does this sign indicate? A first aid room Automated External Defibrillator available First aid equipment store Danger of electricity Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org How should you do chest compressions on a child? With one hand With two fingers As an adult, but more carefully You can’t do chest compressions on a child Correct! Next question:
Learnfirstaid.org The casualty is likely to recover whilst you are performing CPR Yes No Correct! Next question: