Tourism means the temporary short-term
movement of people to destinations outside
the places where they normally live and work,
as well as their activities during their stay at
these destinations. (All tourism should have
some travel, but not all travel is tourism.)
Tourism comprises the activities of persons
travelling to and staying in places outside their
usual environment for less than a year for leisure,
business and other purposes. (UNWTO)
According to time period
short term (up to 3 days)
long term (>7 days)
According to way of Organization
organized (by travel agency)
individual (families on their own)
According to place of destination
According to direction of tourist flows
Incoming (Inbound) Tourism
Outgoing (Outbound) Tourism
We must consider the distance
between travelling within a person’s home
community Vs. Travelling away from
A “Trip” is defined as each time a
person goes to a place at least 100 miles
away from home and returns.
Length of stay at a Destination
Tourists – are temporary visitors
who make at least one overnight stay at
Excursionists – are those that who
do not stay overnight
Residence of Traveler
The third element of travel.
For business and research
purposes, it is important to know
where people live.
Purpose of Travel
The fourth basic element of
It consists of what the tourists
buys. It is a combination of what
the tourist does at a destination
and what services he used during
It is a service. It is an intangible item,
and cannot be inspected by prospective
It is psychological in its attraction.
It tends to vary in standards over time.
Supply of product is fixed.
Characteristics of tourist
Is a geographical unit which
the tourist visits and where he
stays. It may be a village, a town,
a city, a district, a region, an
island a country or a continent.
2. Amenities / Facilities
3 A’s that determines the
success of a tourist
1. Products are not bought to the
2. Products of tourism are not used
3. Tourism is Labor-Intensive.
4. Tourism is people-oriented.
5. Tourism is a multi-dimensional
6. Tourist Industry is seasonal.
7. The industry is dynamic.