significance of theory for nursing as a profession
1)Professional activity is based on intellectual action along
with personal responsibility
2)The practice of a profession is based on knowledge, not
3)There is practical application rather than just theorizing
4)There are techniques that can be taught
5)A profession is organized internally
6)A profession is motivated by altruism, with members
working in some sense for the good of society.
Pavalko's eight dimensions are:
1) A profession has relevance to social value.
2) A profession has a training or educational
3) Elements of self-motivation address the way in
which the profession serves the client or family
and larger social system.
4) A profession has a code of ethics.
5) A professional has a commitment to life-long
6) Members control their profession.
7) A profession has a theoretical framework
on which professional practice is based.
8.)Members of a profession have a common
identity and distinctive subculture.
Grand nursing theories have the broadest
scope and present general concepts and
Middle-range nursing theories are narrower
in scope than grand nursing theories and
offer an effective bridge between grand
nursing theories and nursing practice.
A micro-range theory is the most concrete
and narrow in scope. A Micro-range theory
explains a specific phenomenon of concern
to the discipline , such as the effect of social
supports on grieving and would establish
nursing care guidelines to address the