An introduction: Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Practice

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An introduction: Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Practice

  1. 1. An Introduction:Theoretical Foundation of Nursing Practice Prepared by: Danica Myas E. Causing,RN
  2. 2. Definition: Theory PROPOSITION CONCEPT THEORY DEFINITION ASSUMPTION
  3. 3. ► Parker(2001) A theory an organized,coherent set of concepts and their relationship to each other that offers descipritions,explanations and predictions SYSTEMATIC PHENOMENON about phenomena. ► Kozier(2008) is a supposition or system of ideas that is proposed to explain given phenomenon.
  4. 4. Nursing Theory
  5. 5. Nursing paradigm ► Are patterns or models used to show a clear relationship among the existing theoretical works in nursing.
  6. 6. Metaparadigm of Nursing
  7. 7. Philosophy ► is the next knowledge level after metaparadigm. It specifies the definition of metaparadigm concepts.
  8. 8. CONCEPTUAL MODELS OR FRAMEWORK ► - Are representations of an idea or body of knowledge based on the own understanding or perception of a person or researcher on a certain topic, phenomena or theory. Person Physical fitness exercise Lower BP
  9. 9. THEORETICAL MODELS OR FRAMEWORK ►- are highly established set of concepts that are testable.
  10. 10. SCIENCE the organized body of knowledge gained through research. SCIENTIFIC METHOD: ► Observation ► Gathering Data ► Forming Hypothesis ► Experimental Investigation ► Conclusion/ Theoretical Explanation
  11. 11. KNOWLEDGE ► Information, skills and expertise acquired by a person through formal/informal learning.
  12. 12. SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE 1. Traditional 2. Authoritative 3. Scientific
  13. 13. PHENOMENON A sets of empirical data or experiences that can be physically observed or tangible such as crying or grimacing when in pain.
  14. 14. PURPOSES OF NURSING THEORY IN RELATION TO: ► Education – nursing theory was used primarily to establish the profession’s place in the university. ► Research – nursing research identifies the philosophical assumptions or theoretical frameworks from which it proceeds
  15. 15. ► Practice – the primary contribution of nursing theory when employed in a clinical setting is the facilitation of reflection, questioning, and thinking about what nurses do

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