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Urbit: The Internet Failed

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Urbit: The Internet Failed. (originally presented here: https://personalclouds5.eventbrite.com/)

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Urbit: The Internet Failed

  1. 1. Urbit Thursday, September 26, 13
  2. 2. The Internet Failed •web apps 2013 == online services 1993 • online service == cloud information appliance • web app == special-purpose cloud computer •you’re using the Internet as a modem • the Internet was not designed to be a modem • therefore, the Internet has failed Thursday, September 26, 13
  3. 3. Full Stack Failure •full stack: server OS, network, client OS • Unix/Internet/Mozilla is one system, not three systems • let’s fix just the Unix/Internet part for now •Unix is not a personal OS • it’s a 747, not a car •the Internet is not a social network • it’s an antisocial network • what we call “social networks” are really social servers Thursday, September 26, 13
  4. 4. Respond to Failure •20C stack is totaled; layer over it • absolute semantic isolation • this is why your web app can’t talk to your OS • Urbit:TCP/IP == TCP/IP:PSTN • everything short of a clean slate will fail •design a new stack for an alien planet • keep two things: (1) crypto algs, (2) ASCII/Unicode Thursday, September 26, 13
  5. 5. Urbit: Nock/Hoon/Arvo •Nock: every node runs the same program • permanently frozen; formally defined in 374 bytes •Hoon: self-defining functional language • vaguely like Haskell; defines itself in 7500 lines •Arvo: deterministic OS • P2P network with global immutable namespace; 5000 lines •public domain, no illegal math patents Thursday, September 26, 13
  6. 6. Economics •Bitcoin is money; Urbit is land • social value of true names: finite identity == no spam • phoneme-mapped addresses - shorter is better • 32 bits: ~tasfyn-partyv, ~sivbud-barnel, ~fadter-fasted •Solving “Zooko’s triangle” (mostly) • secure; decentralized; human-memorable (not meaningful) • allodial title == cryptographic ownership • hierarchical distribution != feudal slavery Thursday, September 26, 13
  7. 7. Adoption •Path to world domination • first, fun toy for geeks • no one < 30 has seen a general-purpose social network • second, platform as a service • one-tier application server • third, personal cloud • Dropbox, Github, Facebook, Wordpress == apps, not OS • far, far in the future: the client Thursday, September 26, 13
  8. 8. Status •Alpha; fully self-hosting • needs optimization, documentation, general polish • network works but is fragile; no continuity yet Thursday, September 26, 13

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