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Nepal fh20112011


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Nepal fh20112011

  1. 1. Nepal Mountains, Maoists, Monarchists, and the MDGs Development aid in a country where the opportunities are unique and the challenges sky-high. Johannes Chudoba, UN Peace Support Coordinator, Kathmandu
  2. 2. Structure <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>General background on Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Millennium Development Goals and Human Development Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Political context </li></ul><ul><li>Outlook </li></ul>
  3. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Mountains, Maoists, Monarchists, the Media, - and the MDGs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General tools for looking at developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual / unique case of Nepal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critique of the media and our “absorption capacity” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Background on Nepal <ul><li>Area: 147,000 km2 (twice Austria), somewhat larger than Greece </li></ul><ul><li>arable land: 16% </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 28,200,000 – however millions not registered </li></ul><ul><li>average age: 20.3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah); never conquered / colonised </li></ul><ul><li>GDP (official exchange rate): $6.6 billion (2005 est.); agriculture: 38%, industry: 21%, services: 41% (2005 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2005 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,400 (2005 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture - products: </li></ul><ul><li>rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat </li></ul><ul><li>Industries: </li></ul><ul><li>tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>Ex-Monarchy, following People’s Movement and 10 years of People’s War (Maoists fought the establishment between 1996 and 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. </li></ul>
  5. 10. Millennium Development Goal 1 <ul><li>Poverty & hunger </li></ul>
  6. 15. Millennium Development Goal 2 <ul><li>Primary education for all </li></ul>
  7. 18. Millennium Development Goal 3 <ul><li>Gender equality </li></ul>
  8. 21. Millennium Development Goal 4 <ul><li>Child </li></ul><ul><li>mortality </li></ul>
  9. 23. Millennium Development Goal 5 <ul><li>Maternal health </li></ul>
  10. 25. Millennium Development Goal 6 <ul><li>HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria </li></ul>
  11. 26. Millennium Development Goal 7 <ul><li>Environmental sustainability and safe water </li></ul>
  12. 29. Millennium Development Goal 8 <ul><li>Global partnership / infrastructure </li></ul>
  13. 33. Human Development Indicators
  14. 34. Human Development Index
  15. 36. Political Context <ul><li>Independence: 1768; never conquered / colonised </li></ul><ul><li>1951: end of century-old system of hereditary premiers - cabinet system </li></ul><ul><li>1990: multiparty democracy within a constitutional monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>1996: Maoists’ “people’s war” </li></ul><ul><li>2001: crown prince massacred ten members of the royal family, including the king and queen </li></ul><ul><li>2002: the new king dismissed the prime minister and his cabinet for &quot;incompetence&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>February 2005 the King dissolved the government, declared a state of emergency, imprisoned party leaders, and retained absolute power until April 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>After nearly three weeks of mass protests organized by the seven-party opposition and the Maoists, the king allowed parliament to reconvene on 28 April 2006. </li></ul>
  16. 38. Outlook <ul><li>Maoists and Seven Party Alliance (SPA) have moved the Peace Process at an enormous pace; challenges ahead: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitutional Assembly Elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security sector reform, justice sector reform </li></ul></ul>