Galapagos flora and fauna facts ultimate

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Galapagos flora and fauna facts ultimate

  1. 1. Mrs. Johanna Fabre Science 9th grade Logos Academy
  2. 2.  Scientists point out 3 ways of flora beginings in Galapagos Islands: Vegetation rafts travelled through rivers Spores and seeds transported by the wind Seeds stuck on migrating birds
  3. 3.  The islands have only 800 species, due to the difficult conditions to adapt.  The plants used mechanisms of natural selection and evolution: Insular giantism Xeromorphism Endemic flora varies form island to island. 32% of the islands plants are endemic. Wild tomato, Lava cacti, palo santo, Darwin’s cotton , are some of them.
  4. 4.  Sea lions and penguins came from the Antartids through Humboldt current.  Tortoises have adapted to each island, their shells are different.  Marine life has the largest number of species brought by the 4 currents of the Pacific ocean.
  5. 5.  Critical thinking:  Write on your notebook 3 situations you think may harm the endemic species of Galapagos islands.
  6. 6.  Anthropological activity:  Plants introduction  Animals introduction  Internal migration  Tourism  Industrial fishing Now compare!
  7. 7.  Now, explain in your own words why these threats affect the biodiversity of the islands.
  8. 8. Vocabulary Write on your notebook what you understand by the following terms: • Xeromorphism • Erosion • Endemism • Weathering
  9. 9. Answer the following questions on your notebook. What are the two most important things about the Galapagos Islands? What might be done to help protect the island’s special animal and places? List at least 2 things. Classwork #4
  10. 10.  Paste pictures of the islands’ animals and write their name next to it picture.

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