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National support for a local IT-development within the educational sector

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National support for a local IT-development within the educational sector

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Våren 2000 blev jag inbjuden att delta i Cainet, en pan-afrikansk konferens om IT:s möjligheter. Jag talade om de möjligheter som finns för skolan.

Jag talade direkt efter Vinton Cerf vilket var en kul upplevelse. Han är väldigt inspirerande.

Våren 2000 blev jag inbjuden att delta i Cainet, en pan-afrikansk konferens om IT:s möjligheter. Jag talade om de möjligheter som finns för skolan.

Jag talade direkt efter Vinton Cerf vilket var en kul upplevelse. Han är väldigt inspirerande.

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National support for a local IT-development within the educational sector

  1. 1. National support for a local IT-development within the educational sector Cainet 2000, Cairo, March 2000 Johan GROTH, Ph.D. (johan.groth@gogab.se)
  2. 2. IT implies changes <ul><li>Analogue vs. digital information </li></ul><ul><li>Stand alone computers vs. networks </li></ul><ul><li>Local vs. global </li></ul><ul><li>Information consumer vs. producer </li></ul><ul><li>Text only vs. multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Issues vs. concurrent publication </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Swedish educational system <ul><li>The Swedish school system consists of 1.2 million pupils, 120,000 teachers and 6000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>About 20 universities </li></ul><ul><li>It is goal oriented and decentralized </li></ul><ul><li>The government sets goals, disseminates information and may support for projects </li></ul>
  4. 4. National IT initiatives <ul><li>The Swedish University Network (SUNET) </li></ul><ul><li>The IT-commission </li></ul><ul><li>The National Agency for Education </li></ul><ul><li>The National Agency for Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>The Foundation for Knowledge and Competence </li></ul><ul><li>IT in School (ITiS) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Results at a glance <ul><li>A rapid development of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>85% of all K9-schools use Internet </li></ul><ul><li>90% of all high schools use Internet </li></ul><ul><li>All universities use Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Most museums and libraries use Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Lively pedagogical discussion </li></ul><ul><li>IT and education is a &quot;hot&quot; topic in media </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Swedish Schoolnet <ul><li>On and off line activities to spreads knowledge and information about Internet and education to teachers, school leaders, decision makers, pupils and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as a catalyst to create new content </li></ul><ul><li>An &quot;information broker&quot; for organizations, companies, museums, government bodies etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Project philosophy <ul><li>Show possibilities and give advice </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher empowerment is a basis for school development </li></ul><ul><li>Support local work of teachers and pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Support learning by doing </li></ul><ul><li>Provide forums, services, tools etc. </li></ul><ul><li>” Ultimate vision&quot;: school as &quot;the center of the village&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some conclusions <ul><li>New &quot;doors&quot; are opened </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects change and merge </li></ul><ul><li>Less common teaching material </li></ul><ul><li>New resources available, simple and cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Processes rather than results </li></ul><ul><li>Growing ethical discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel changes (buildings, pedagogy etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on an a technical infrastructure </li></ul>
  9. 9. Competing factors <ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE! You may only select two! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Different approaches to introducing IT <ul><li>Speed + acceptance = ad hoc approach to introducing IT </li></ul><ul><li>Speed + scalability = material approach to introducing IT </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance + scalability = content driven approach to introducing IT </li></ul>
  11. 11. The role of industry <ul><li>Share knowledge rather than distributing hardware </li></ul><ul><li>School is a special market, develop new products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in joint projects </li></ul>
  12. 12. Summary <ul><li>&quot;Content pull&quot; gives a solid IT development </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on possibilities gives a widespread acceptance among educators and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Many local initiatives combine into major changes given an appropriate national framework </li></ul><ul><li>New technology must be accompanied by changes in organization and administration </li></ul>
  13. 13. Invitation to discussion <ul><li>If and how do we formulate a national curriculum in the IT-age? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages/disadvantages of &quot;personal&quot; teaching material? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the school system to cope with parents or pupils who choose an &quot;external&quot; teacher? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Invitation to discussion <ul><li>Soon Internet is a critical infrastructure. What happens when the net is down? </li></ul><ul><li>Internet makes it possible for teachers to communicate on a daily basis with parents. What is the implications of this? </li></ul><ul><li>In a totally distributed school system, how do we evaluate the results? Are national criteria even possible? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Invitation to discussion <ul><li>How do we assess that computers and IT really deliver? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we ensure that IT does not create new barriers to open access in education? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we on a national level help the teachers prepare for this brave new world? </li></ul><ul><li>What do school politicians on different levels need to know? </li></ul>

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