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  1. 1. Citizenship [ARTICLE IV]
  2. 2. Section 1 • Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution; • Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines; • Those born before January 17,1973,of Fililipino mothers, who elect Philippine Citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and • Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.
  3. 3. Section 2 • Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship.
  4. 4. Section 3 - Philippine Citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law. Section 4 - Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission they are redeemed, under the law, to have renounced it.
  5. 5. Section 5 • Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by the law.
  6. 6. Philippine Citizenship • Article IV, Section 1 of the 1987 Constitution enumerated who are the citizens of the Philippines. 2 kinds of citizens in the Philippines 1. those who are natural-born 2. those are naturalized in accordance with law
  7. 7. Principles of Jus Sanguinis and Jus Soli • Jus Sanguinis is a Latin word, which means right of blood or bloodright citizenship. • Jus Soli or Jus Loci is a Latin word for right of the soil or birthright citizenship.
  8. 8. Duties and Obligations of the Citizens 1. To be loyal to the Republic 2. To honor the Philippine flag 3. To defend the State 4. To contribute to State development and welfare 5. To uphold the Constitution and obey the laws 6. To cooperate with the duly constituted authorities in the attainment and preservation of a just and orderly society 7. To exercise rights responsibility and with due regard for the rights of others 8. To engage in gainful work 9. To register and cast his vote
  9. 9. Laws Related to Citizenship 1. Commonwealth Act No. 63 ( Oct. 21, 1936) -An act providing for the ways in which Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired. 2. Commonwealth Act No. 473 (June 17, 1939) - Revised Naturalization Law. 3. Republic Act No. 8171 (October 23, 1995) - An act providing for the repatriation of Filipino women who have lost their Philippine citizenship by marriage to aliens and natural-born Filipinos.
  10. 10. 4. Republic Act No. 9139 (June 8, 2001) - The AdministrativeNaturalization Law 2000 5. Republic Act No. 9225 (Aug. 29, 2003) - Citizenship Retention and Re-Acquisition Act of 2003 - An act making the citizenship of Philippine citizens who acquire foreign citizenship permanent, amending for the purpose Commonwealth Act No. 63, as amended, and for other purposes.
  11. 11. The End