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History of weight lifting

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History of weight lifting

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History of weight lifting

  1. 1. By Joseph Quintero Weightlifting The sport or activity of lifting barbells or other heavy weights. There are two standard lifts in modern weightlifting: the single-movement lift from floor to extended position (the snatch ), and the two-movement lift from floor to shoulder position, and from shoulders to extended position (the clean and jerk ).
  2. 2. Origins The earliest evidence of weightlifting dates to China’s Zhou Dynasty, which took place from the 10th century B.C. until 256 B.C. During this time, military recruits were required to pass weightlifting tests before they were accepted into the military.
  3. 3. Various sculptures from ancient Greek civilizations also portray the sport, depicting Greeks lifting heavy stones. Eventually, the Greeks substituted large heavy bells for primitive dumbbells.
  4. 4. Ancient Egyptian artifacts also depict the sport of weightlifting; according to these artifacts, Egyptians lifted heavy bags of sand as a form of physical training.
  5. 5. Weightlifting and the Olympics The sport of weightlifting made its first Olympic appearance at the 1896 games. During these games, Launceston Elliott of Great Britain won the “One-Hand Lift” contest; Viggo Jensen of Denmark won the “Two-Hand Lift.” Launceston Elliott (Left), Niggo Jenson (Right)
  6. 6. The sport did not appear in the 1900 Olympic Games but returned to the scene for the 1904 games.
  7. 7. In the 1904 games, a Greek competitor secured the gold medal for “Two-Hand Lift” and Oscar Osthoff secured the gold for the “All-Around Dumbbell” contest.
  8. 8. Weightlifting and the Olympics Cont. The sport was again eliminated from the Olympic Games in 1908 and 1912 but returned to the Olympics permanently in 1920.
  9. 9. By the 1932 Olympic Games, five weight divisions had been established and competition featured three disciplines: the press, snatch and clean and jerk. Depicted is the clean and jerk.
  10. 10. Women and Weightlifting Ivy Russell of England was a pioneer of weightlifting for women. Russell began her weight training career in 1921 at 14. In the early 1930s, Russell won the first women’s weightlifting competition sanctioned by the British Amateur Weight Lifting Association.
  11. 11. Weightlifting Today As of the 21st century, women from across the world continue to compete within seven different weight classifications. Today there are many types of weightlifting competitions including bodybuilding, power lifting, strongman competitions.
  12. 12. In weight training, the overall goal of a person is to increase physical strength. It uses barbells, dumbbells, machines, and other types of equipment to target a specific group of muscles. I see changes throughout time of weight training in the array of types of lifting that have been birthed over time. Cross fit, strongman competitions, and bodybuilding competitions all evolved from somewhere.
  13. 13. http://www.livestrong.com/article/275 029-the-history-of-weightlifting/ http://olympic-weights.org/history-of- weightlifting/history-of-weightlifting- in-ancient-greece-and-rome Sources

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