Government? The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
Public Policies <ul><li>All of the things that the government decides to do </li></ul>
Government has 3 types of power <ul><li>Legislative: make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive: execute, enforce and administe...
State or Nation, Country, Nation-State <ul><li>4 Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Territory ...
Theories of Origins of Government <ul><li>Force Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right T...
Types of Governments <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul>
Types of Democracies <ul><li>Direct Democracy: All citizens vote </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy: elected offic...
Types of Dictatorships <ul><li>Autocracy: A government in which a single person holds unlimited power. (Monarchy) </li></u...
Geographic Distribution of Power <ul><li>Unitary: All government power belongs to a single, central agency. </li></ul><ul>...
Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches <ul><li>Presidential: Executive and Legislative branches are separ...
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Government.Ppt Updated

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Basic U.S. government presentation. Used as an introduction lecture in the first day of a 9th grade American Government class.

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Government.Ppt Updated

  1. 1. Government? The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
  2. 2. Public Policies <ul><li>All of the things that the government decides to do </li></ul>
  3. 3. Government has 3 types of power <ul><li>Legislative: make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Executive: execute, enforce and administer laws </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial: interpret laws and settle disputes </li></ul>
  4. 4. State or Nation, Country, Nation-State <ul><li>4 Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul>
  5. 5. Theories of Origins of Government <ul><li>Force Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contract Theory </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Governments <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Democracies <ul><li>Direct Democracy: All citizens vote </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy: elected officials vote </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Dictatorships <ul><li>Autocracy: A government in which a single person holds unlimited power. (Monarchy) </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy: A government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite. (Communist Party) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Geographic Distribution of Power <ul><li>Unitary: All government power belongs to a single, central agency. </li></ul><ul><li>Federal: Power of the government is divided between a strong central government and weaker local governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation: Alliance of independent states. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches <ul><li>Presidential: Executive and Legislative branches are separate. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary: Executive is part of the Legislative Branch. </li></ul>

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