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ARALING PANLIPUNAN
8
MELC-
BASED
WEEK 1
ANG HEOGRAPIYA NG DAIGDIG
UNANG MARKAHAN
DEPED
HERO
W
A
Nasusuri ang katangiang pisikal ng daigdig
AP8HSK-Id-4
Ang
Heograpiya ng Daigdig
Samakatuwid, ang heograpiya
ay ang pagsulat o
paglalarawan ng mundo
Ang heograpiya ay nagmula sa salitang Greek na geo at graphein.
Ang geo ay nangangahulugan ng mundo at ang graphein ay
nangangahulugan sumulat o ilarawan
1
2
3
4
5
LOKASYON
INTERAKSYON NG TAO AT
KAPALIGIRAN
GALAW NG MGA TAO
MGA REHIYON
LUGAR
LIMANG TEMA NG HEOGRAPIYA
Pisikal na
Anyo ng Daigdig
Katangiang Pisikal ng Daigdig
Ang pisikal na katangian ng daigdig ay binubuo ng
kalawakan, kalupaan, klima, katubigan, buhay-halaman,
buhay-hayop, at mga mineral. Ang bawat isa ay may
impluwensya sa katangian ng mga ito.
11
Katangiang Pisikal ng Daigdig
Halimbawa na lamang ang sistema ng halaman o
behetastasyon (vegetation cover) kung saan nakasalalay sa
nagbabagong klima na dulot naman ng nagbabagong
temperatura at presipitasyon.
12
Ang mga hayop ay nabubuhay sa pamamagitan
ng pagkain ng halaman o sa pagkain ng ibang
hayop at lamang-dagat at lupa.
Maging, ang mga halaman ay may
benepisyong nakukuha buhat sa mga
tao.
KATANGIANG PISIKAL
NG DAIGDIG
ESTRUKTURA NG DAIGDIG
Mga Anyong Lupa at Tubig
Ang mga masa ng lupa na ito ang
bumubuo sa 93 porsyento ng 53.28
milyong milya kwadrado ng kalupaan.
Ang kalupaan ng daigdig ay binubuo lamang ng 29.2 bahagdan na
kung titingnan ay nahahati-hati sa apat na malalaking rehiyon:
EurAsia-Africa (tripleng kontinente ng Europe, Asia, at Africa);
dobleng kontinente ng Timog at Silangang America; Antarctica;
at Australia kasama ang Oceania.
Mga Anyong Lupa at Tubig
Para sa mga oceanographer o mga dalubhasa
na nag-aaral tungkol sa karagatan ng daigdig,
tatlo lamang ang matatawag na karagatan:
ang Atlantic, Pacific, at ang Indian. Ang
Pacific Ocean ang pinakamalawak at
sumasakop sa halos ikatlong bahagi (1/3) ng
daigdig.
Ang Ang distribusyon ng mga ito ang naghihiwalay ng
katubigan sa tatlong pangunahing rehiyong katubigan:
Pacific Ocean; Atlantic Ocean at maliit na Arctic Ocean; at
Indian Ocean.
BUNDOK
A n g b u n d o k a y a n g p i n a k a m a t a a s n a
a n y o n g l u p a n g d a i g d i g .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g M t . E v e r e s t a y a n g p i n a k a m a t a a s
n a b u n d o k s a A s y a n a m a y t a a s n a 2 9 , 0 2 8
t a l a m p a k a n a t p a t u l o y n a t u m a t a a s n a
m a t a t a g p u a n s a N e p a l .
BUROL
I s a n g m a t a a s n a a n y o n g l u p a n g u n i y
m a s m a b a b a k a y s a s a b u n d o k . I t o a y m a y
t a a s n a h i n d i h i h i g i t s a 1 , 0 0 0
t a l a m p a k a n .
H A L I M B A W A :
C h o c o l a t e H i l l s s a B o h o l n a b i n u b u o
n g 1 , 2 6 8 n a b u r o l , K r e m l i n H i l l s a
R u s s i a , V a t i c a n H i l l s a R o m e , W a m e l H i l l
s a P o l a n d a t A v a s H i l l s a H u n g a r y .
TALAMPAS
I t o a y a n g p a t a g n a l u p a i n s a i b a b a w
n g b u n d o k .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a t a l a m p a s s a
d a i g d i g a y a n g C h a n g T a n g s a T i b e t ,
C h i n a . I l a n p a s a m g a t a l a m p a s n a
m a k i k i t a s a A s y a a y a n g D e c c a n P l a t e a u s a
I n d i a , A n a t o l i a n P l a t e a u s a T u r k e y a t
C e n t r a l S i b e r i a n P l a t e a u s a R u s s i a .
BULUBUNDUKIN
A n g b u l u b u n d u k i n a y i s a n g u r i n g
a n y o n g l u p a n a n a k a h a n a y . I t o a y i s a n g
h e o g r a p i k o n g l u g a r n a b i n u b u o n g m a r a m i n g
b u n d o k n a m a g k a k a u g n a y s a h e o g r a p i y a .
K a d a l a s a n g a n g m g a s i s t e m a n g b u n d o k o
s i s t e m a n g m g a b u l u b u n d u k i n a y g i n a g a m i t
u p a n g i p a g s a m a a n g m g a i l a n g k a t a n g i n a n g
p a n g - h e o g r a p i y a n a m a y k a u g n a y a n s a
h e o g r a p i y a o s a r e h i y o n .
H A L I M B A W A :
S i e r r a M a d r e n a p i n a k a m a h a b a n g
b u l u b u n d u k i n s a P i l i p i n a s n a m a t a t a g p u a n
s a C a g a y a n h a n g g a n g s a Q u e z o n P r o v i n c e .
DISYERTO
M a y p i n a k a m a i n i t n a t e m p e r a t u r e a n g
d i s y e r t o a t i t o a y n a k a k a t a n g g a p n g p a t a k
n g u l a n n a h i n d i t a t a a s s a 1 0 p u l g a d a .
H A L I M B A W A :
N a s a A f r i c a a n g p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a
d i s y e r t o . I t o a n g d i s y e r t o n g S a h a r a n a
m a y L a w a k n a 3 . 5 m i l y o n g m i l y a k u w a d r a d o .
H a l o s n a s a s a k o p n i t o a n g m a l a k i n g b a h a g i
n g h i l a n g A f r i c a .
LAMBAK
I s a n g p a t a g n a l u p a i n s a p a g i t a n n g
d a l a w a n g m a t a a s n a l u p a i n . S a l a m b a k
u m u s b o n g a n g m g a s i n a u n a n g k a b i h a s n a n s a
d a i g d i g .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g m g a t a n y a g n a l a m b a k a y a n g T i g r i s -
E u p h r a t e s s a I r a q , I n d u s V a l l e y s a I n d i a ,
a t H u a n g H e V a l l e y s a C h i n a .
TANGWAY
I s a n g p i r a s o n g l u p a i n n a n a k a r u g t o n g
s a i s a n g m a l a k i n g l u p a i n . H a l o s
n a p a p a l i g i r a n n g t u b i g a n g m a l a k i n g
b a h a g i n i t o .
H A L I M B A W A :
I s a s a p i n a k a m a l a k i n g t a n g w a y s a m u n d o a y
a n g S C A N D I N A V I A N P E N I N S U L A k u n g s a a n
m a k i k i t a a n g N o r w a y , S w e d e n a t F i n l a n d .
PULO
N a p a p a l i g i r a n n g t u b i g a n g l a h a t n g
s u l o k n g i s a n g p u l o .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g G r e e n l a n d s a A t l a n t i c O c e a n a n g
p i n a k a m a l a k i n g p u l o s a d a i g d i g . I t o a y
m a y s u k a t n a 2 , 1 7 5 , 5 9 7 k i l o m e t r o
k u w a d r a d o .
KAPULUAN
I t o a y b i n u b u o n g m g a p u l o
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g k a p u l u a n n g I n d o n e s i a a n g
p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a k a p u l u a n s a b u o n g
d a i g d i g . M a y l a w a k i t o n g 1 , 9 1 9 , 4 4 0
k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o . M a h i g i t a n i m n a
b e s e s a n g l a w a k k a y s a s a P i l i p i n a s .
M a y r o o n i t o n g 1 7 , 0 0 0 n a p u l o k a b i l a n g a n g
S u m a t r a , J a v a , B a l i a t K a l i m a n t a n .
BULKAN
A n g b u l k a n a y i s a n g u r i n g a n y o n g l u p a n a
n a g l a l a b a s n g m a i n i t n a " l a v a " t u w i n g p a g p u t o k .
A n g i s a n g b u l k a n a y m a a r i n g m a g i n g d i - a k t i b o o
d o r m a n t ( d i n a g k a k a r o o n n g p a g p u t o k ) o a k t i b o .
K a d a l a s a n g m a t a t a g p u a n a n g b u l k a n s a d a l a w a o
t a t l o n g p l a t o n a n a g h i w a l a y o n a g d i k i t a n . I s a n g
m i d - o c e a n i c r i d g e , k a t u l a d n g M i d - A t l a n t i c
R i d g e , a y m a y r o o n g m g a b u l k a n n a n a b u o d u l o t n g
p a g h i h i w a l a y n g m g a p l a t o ; a n g P a c i f i c R i n g o f
F i r e a y m a y r o o n g m g a b u l k a n n a n a b u o d u l o t n g
p a g d i d i k i t n g m g a p l a t o .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g B u l k a n M a y o n a y i s a n g a k t i b o n g b u l k a n s a
l a l a w i g a n n g A l b a y , s a p u l o n g L u z o n s a
P i l i p i n a s . B a n t o g a n g b u l k a n d a h i l s a h a l o s
" p e r p e k t o n g h u g i s a p a " n i t o . A n g M a y o n a n g
n a g i n g h i l a g a n g h a n g g a n a n n g L u n g s o d n g L e g a z p i ,
ANYONG TUBIG
A n g a n y o n g t u b i g a y k a h i t a n u m a n g
m a k a h u l u g a n g p a g - i p o n n g t u b i g ,
k a d a l a s a n g t i n a t a k p a n a n g i b a b a w n g i s a n g
p l a n e t a k a t u l a d n g D a i g d i g . H i n d i
k i n a k a i l a n g a n n a h i n d i g u m a g a l a w o
n a k a p a l o o b a n g i s a n g a n y o n g t u b i g ; a n g
m g a i l o g , s a p a , k a n a l , a g u s a n , b a m b a n g a t
i b a n g k a t a n g i a n g p a n g - h e o g r a p i y a k u n g
s a a n d u m a d a l o y a n g t u b i g m u l a s a i s a n g
l u g a r h a n g g a n g s a i s a p a n g l u g a r a y
t i n u t u r i n g d i n g a n y o n g t u b i g .
DEPED
HERO
KARAGATAN
A n g k a r a g a t a n a y t u b i g - a l a t n a
b u m u b u o s a 9 7 p o r s i y e n t o n g l a h a t n g
k a t u b i g a n s a d a i g d i g .
H A L I M B A W A :
K A R A G A T A N G P A S I P I K O ( P A C I F I C O C E A N ) -
P i n a k a m a l a k i a t p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a a n y o n g -
t u b i g s a b u o n g m u n d o . N a s a s a k o p n i t o a n g
4 5 . 9 p o r s i y e n t o n g b u o n g k a r a g a t a n s a
d a i g d i g d a h i l s a s u k a t n i t o n a 1 5 5 , 5 5 7 , 0 0 0
k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o . M a s m a l a k i a n g
P A C I F I C O C E A N k a y s a s a p i n a g s a m a n g m g a
k a l u p a a n n g d a i g d i g . A n g p a n g a l a n g
P A C I F I C o P A S I P I K O a y i b i n i g a y n i
F e r d i n a n d M a g e l l a n n a n a n g a n g a h u l u g a n g
DAGAT
A n g d a g a t a y m a s m a l i i t k a y s a s a
k a r a g a t a n a t m a s m a l a p i t s a
k a l u p a a n .
H A L I M B A W A :
M e d i t e r a n e a n S e a - I t o a y m a t a t a g p u a n
s a p a g i t a n n g E u r o p e a t A f r i c a . I t o
a y m a y s u k a t n a 2 , 9 6 5 , 8 0 0 k i l o m e t r o
k u w a d r a d o k a b i l a n g n a a n g B l a c k S e a
a t S e a O f A z o u .
GOLPO/GULF
I t o a y a n g t a w a g s a m a l a l a k i n g
l o o k a t k a r a n i w a n g n a s a b u k a n a n g
k a r a g a t a n .
H A L I M B A W A :
G u l f o f T h a i l a n d , G u l f o f O m a n ,
P e r s i a n G u l f s a A s y a G u l f o f G u i n e a
s a A f r i c a , G u l f o f A l a s k a a t G u l f o f
M e x i c o s a N o r t h A m e r i c a a t a n g G u l f
o f P a n a m a a t G u l f o f N u e v o s a S o u t h
A m e r i c a .
LOOK
A n g l o o k ( I n g l e s : g u l f , b a y , h a r b o r ,
s o u n d , i n l e t ) a y i s a n g b a i y a n a m a a a r i n g
g a m i t i n b i l a n g k a n l u n g a n n g s a s a k y a n g
p a n d a g a t , k a t u l a d n g m g a b a p o r , p a r t i k u l a r
n a k u n g m a y m a l a l a k a s n a m g a b a g y o . I t o
a n g t i n a t a w a g n a " b r a s o " n g i s a n g d a g a t .
G o l p o a n g t a w a g s a m a l a l a k i n g l o o k .
K a u g n a y n i t o , t i n a g u r i a n g k a l o o k a n a n g
p i n a k a p a n l o o b a t k u r b a d a n g r e h i y o n n g
i s a n g g o l p o .
H A L I M B A W A : B a y o f B e n g a l , K o r e a n B a y a t
M a n i l a B a y s a a s y a a t B a y o f T o d o s L o s
S a n t o s , B a y o f S a o M a r c o a t B a y o f
S e c h u r a s a S o u t h A m e r i c a .
KIPOT
I t o a y a n y o n g - t u b i g n a n a s a p a g i t a n
n g d a l a w a n g k a l u p a a n .
H A L I M B A W A :
S t r a i t o f M a l l a c a s a I n d o n e s i a , S t r a i t o f
T a r t a r s a R u s s i a a t a n g L u z o n S t r a i t s a
P i l i p i n a s a y a n g m g a k i l a l a n g k i p o t s a
A s y a . M a t a t a g p u a n n a m a n s a A u s t r a l i a a n g
B a s s S t r a i t a t T o r r e s S t r a i t n a M a l a p i t
d i n s a P a p u a N e w G u i n e a .
ILOG
I s a n g u r i n g t u b i g - t a b a n g .
K a r a n i w a n g n a g s i s i m u l a a n g p a g - a g o s n g
i l o g s a m g a m a t a t a a s n a l u g a r t u l a d
b u n d o k a t b u r o l . N a g m u m u l a a n g k a t u b i g a n
n i t o s a m g a t i p a k n g y e l o s a i t a a s n g
b u n d o k o k a y a n a m a n a y s a p a g - a p a w n g
m g a l a w a a i s a n g m a t a a s n a l u g a r .
H A L I M B A W A : A n g N i l e R i v e r s a A f r i c a a y
a n g p i n a k a m a h a b a n g i l o g s a b u o n g d a i g d i g .
I t o a y m a y h a b a n g 6 , 6 9 0 k i l o m e t r o a t
l u m a l a n d a s s a m g a b a n s a n g U g a n d a ,
S u d a n , A t E g y p t . N a g m u m u l a a n g t u b i g n g
N i l e R i v e r s a L a k e V i c t o r i a s a s i l a n g a n g
A f r i c a .
LAWA
A n g a n y o n g t u b i g n a i t o a y
n a p a p a l i g i r a n n g m g a k a l u p a a n . K a r a n i w a n g
t u b i g - t a b a n g a n g m g a l a w a m a l i b a n s a i l a n
n a t u b i g - a l a t .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g p i n a k a m a l a k i n g l a w a s a d a i g d i g a y
m a t a t a g p u a n s a a s y a . I t o a n g C a s p i a n S e a
n a m a y l a w a k n a 3 9 4 , 2 9 9 k i l o m e t r o
k u w a d r o . T i n a g u r i a n n g m g a s i n a u n a n g
R o m a n a n g l a w a n a M a r e C a s p i u m n a
i n a k a l a n g d a g a t d a h i l s a m a a l a t n a
k a t u b i g a n n i t o .
TALON
I s a s a n a t a t a n g i n g a n y o n g t u b i g a n g
t a l o n . M a r a m i n g t u r i s t a a n g n a a a k i t n a
m a g t u n g o s a m g a l u g a r n a m a y m g a
n a g t a t a a s a n a t n a g g a g a n d a h a n g t a l o n .
H A L I M B A W A :
A n g p i n a k a m a t a a s n a t a l o n s a b u o n g m u n d o
a y A N G a n g e l F a l l s s a V e n e z u e l a . I t o a y
m a y t a a s n a 3 , 2 1 2 t a l a m p a k a n . I p i n a n g a l a n
a n g n a s a b i n g t a l o n s a i s a n g p i l o t o n a s i
J i m m i e A n g e l n a n a g t a l a u k o l d i t t o n o o n g
N o b y e m b r e 1 6 , 1 9 9 3 .
DEPED
HERO
KATANGIANG PISIKAL.pptx

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KATANGIANG PISIKAL.pptx

  • 2. ANG HEOGRAPIYA NG DAIGDIG UNANG MARKAHAN
  • 4. W A Nasusuri ang katangiang pisikal ng daigdig AP8HSK-Id-4
  • 5.
  • 6. Ang Heograpiya ng Daigdig Samakatuwid, ang heograpiya ay ang pagsulat o paglalarawan ng mundo Ang heograpiya ay nagmula sa salitang Greek na geo at graphein. Ang geo ay nangangahulugan ng mundo at ang graphein ay nangangahulugan sumulat o ilarawan
  • 7.
  • 8. 1 2 3 4 5 LOKASYON INTERAKSYON NG TAO AT KAPALIGIRAN GALAW NG MGA TAO MGA REHIYON LUGAR LIMANG TEMA NG HEOGRAPIYA
  • 9.
  • 11. Katangiang Pisikal ng Daigdig Ang pisikal na katangian ng daigdig ay binubuo ng kalawakan, kalupaan, klima, katubigan, buhay-halaman, buhay-hayop, at mga mineral. Ang bawat isa ay may impluwensya sa katangian ng mga ito. 11
  • 12. Katangiang Pisikal ng Daigdig Halimbawa na lamang ang sistema ng halaman o behetastasyon (vegetation cover) kung saan nakasalalay sa nagbabagong klima na dulot naman ng nagbabagong temperatura at presipitasyon. 12
  • 13.
  • 14. Ang mga hayop ay nabubuhay sa pamamagitan ng pagkain ng halaman o sa pagkain ng ibang hayop at lamang-dagat at lupa. Maging, ang mga halaman ay may benepisyong nakukuha buhat sa mga tao. KATANGIANG PISIKAL NG DAIGDIG
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Mga Anyong Lupa at Tubig Ang mga masa ng lupa na ito ang bumubuo sa 93 porsyento ng 53.28 milyong milya kwadrado ng kalupaan. Ang kalupaan ng daigdig ay binubuo lamang ng 29.2 bahagdan na kung titingnan ay nahahati-hati sa apat na malalaking rehiyon: EurAsia-Africa (tripleng kontinente ng Europe, Asia, at Africa); dobleng kontinente ng Timog at Silangang America; Antarctica; at Australia kasama ang Oceania.
  • 19. Mga Anyong Lupa at Tubig Para sa mga oceanographer o mga dalubhasa na nag-aaral tungkol sa karagatan ng daigdig, tatlo lamang ang matatawag na karagatan: ang Atlantic, Pacific, at ang Indian. Ang Pacific Ocean ang pinakamalawak at sumasakop sa halos ikatlong bahagi (1/3) ng daigdig. Ang Ang distribusyon ng mga ito ang naghihiwalay ng katubigan sa tatlong pangunahing rehiyong katubigan: Pacific Ocean; Atlantic Ocean at maliit na Arctic Ocean; at Indian Ocean.
  • 20.
  • 21. BUNDOK A n g b u n d o k a y a n g p i n a k a m a t a a s n a a n y o n g l u p a n g d a i g d i g . H A L I M B A W A : A n g M t . E v e r e s t a y a n g p i n a k a m a t a a s n a b u n d o k s a A s y a n a m a y t a a s n a 2 9 , 0 2 8 t a l a m p a k a n a t p a t u l o y n a t u m a t a a s n a m a t a t a g p u a n s a N e p a l .
  • 22. BUROL I s a n g m a t a a s n a a n y o n g l u p a n g u n i y m a s m a b a b a k a y s a s a b u n d o k . I t o a y m a y t a a s n a h i n d i h i h i g i t s a 1 , 0 0 0 t a l a m p a k a n . H A L I M B A W A : C h o c o l a t e H i l l s s a B o h o l n a b i n u b u o n g 1 , 2 6 8 n a b u r o l , K r e m l i n H i l l s a R u s s i a , V a t i c a n H i l l s a R o m e , W a m e l H i l l s a P o l a n d a t A v a s H i l l s a H u n g a r y .
  • 23. TALAMPAS I t o a y a n g p a t a g n a l u p a i n s a i b a b a w n g b u n d o k . H A L I M B A W A : A n g p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a t a l a m p a s s a d a i g d i g a y a n g C h a n g T a n g s a T i b e t , C h i n a . I l a n p a s a m g a t a l a m p a s n a m a k i k i t a s a A s y a a y a n g D e c c a n P l a t e a u s a I n d i a , A n a t o l i a n P l a t e a u s a T u r k e y a t C e n t r a l S i b e r i a n P l a t e a u s a R u s s i a .
  • 24. BULUBUNDUKIN A n g b u l u b u n d u k i n a y i s a n g u r i n g a n y o n g l u p a n a n a k a h a n a y . I t o a y i s a n g h e o g r a p i k o n g l u g a r n a b i n u b u o n g m a r a m i n g b u n d o k n a m a g k a k a u g n a y s a h e o g r a p i y a . K a d a l a s a n g a n g m g a s i s t e m a n g b u n d o k o s i s t e m a n g m g a b u l u b u n d u k i n a y g i n a g a m i t u p a n g i p a g s a m a a n g m g a i l a n g k a t a n g i n a n g p a n g - h e o g r a p i y a n a m a y k a u g n a y a n s a h e o g r a p i y a o s a r e h i y o n . H A L I M B A W A : S i e r r a M a d r e n a p i n a k a m a h a b a n g b u l u b u n d u k i n s a P i l i p i n a s n a m a t a t a g p u a n s a C a g a y a n h a n g g a n g s a Q u e z o n P r o v i n c e .
  • 25. DISYERTO M a y p i n a k a m a i n i t n a t e m p e r a t u r e a n g d i s y e r t o a t i t o a y n a k a k a t a n g g a p n g p a t a k n g u l a n n a h i n d i t a t a a s s a 1 0 p u l g a d a . H A L I M B A W A : N a s a A f r i c a a n g p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a d i s y e r t o . I t o a n g d i s y e r t o n g S a h a r a n a m a y L a w a k n a 3 . 5 m i l y o n g m i l y a k u w a d r a d o . H a l o s n a s a s a k o p n i t o a n g m a l a k i n g b a h a g i n g h i l a n g A f r i c a .
  • 26. LAMBAK I s a n g p a t a g n a l u p a i n s a p a g i t a n n g d a l a w a n g m a t a a s n a l u p a i n . S a l a m b a k u m u s b o n g a n g m g a s i n a u n a n g k a b i h a s n a n s a d a i g d i g . H A L I M B A W A : A n g m g a t a n y a g n a l a m b a k a y a n g T i g r i s - E u p h r a t e s s a I r a q , I n d u s V a l l e y s a I n d i a , a t H u a n g H e V a l l e y s a C h i n a .
  • 27. TANGWAY I s a n g p i r a s o n g l u p a i n n a n a k a r u g t o n g s a i s a n g m a l a k i n g l u p a i n . H a l o s n a p a p a l i g i r a n n g t u b i g a n g m a l a k i n g b a h a g i n i t o . H A L I M B A W A : I s a s a p i n a k a m a l a k i n g t a n g w a y s a m u n d o a y a n g S C A N D I N A V I A N P E N I N S U L A k u n g s a a n m a k i k i t a a n g N o r w a y , S w e d e n a t F i n l a n d .
  • 28. PULO N a p a p a l i g i r a n n g t u b i g a n g l a h a t n g s u l o k n g i s a n g p u l o . H A L I M B A W A : A n g G r e e n l a n d s a A t l a n t i c O c e a n a n g p i n a k a m a l a k i n g p u l o s a d a i g d i g . I t o a y m a y s u k a t n a 2 , 1 7 5 , 5 9 7 k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o .
  • 29. KAPULUAN I t o a y b i n u b u o n g m g a p u l o H A L I M B A W A : A n g k a p u l u a n n g I n d o n e s i a a n g p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a k a p u l u a n s a b u o n g d a i g d i g . M a y l a w a k i t o n g 1 , 9 1 9 , 4 4 0 k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o . M a h i g i t a n i m n a b e s e s a n g l a w a k k a y s a s a P i l i p i n a s . M a y r o o n i t o n g 1 7 , 0 0 0 n a p u l o k a b i l a n g a n g S u m a t r a , J a v a , B a l i a t K a l i m a n t a n .
  • 30. BULKAN A n g b u l k a n a y i s a n g u r i n g a n y o n g l u p a n a n a g l a l a b a s n g m a i n i t n a " l a v a " t u w i n g p a g p u t o k . A n g i s a n g b u l k a n a y m a a r i n g m a g i n g d i - a k t i b o o d o r m a n t ( d i n a g k a k a r o o n n g p a g p u t o k ) o a k t i b o . K a d a l a s a n g m a t a t a g p u a n a n g b u l k a n s a d a l a w a o t a t l o n g p l a t o n a n a g h i w a l a y o n a g d i k i t a n . I s a n g m i d - o c e a n i c r i d g e , k a t u l a d n g M i d - A t l a n t i c R i d g e , a y m a y r o o n g m g a b u l k a n n a n a b u o d u l o t n g p a g h i h i w a l a y n g m g a p l a t o ; a n g P a c i f i c R i n g o f F i r e a y m a y r o o n g m g a b u l k a n n a n a b u o d u l o t n g p a g d i d i k i t n g m g a p l a t o . H A L I M B A W A : A n g B u l k a n M a y o n a y i s a n g a k t i b o n g b u l k a n s a l a l a w i g a n n g A l b a y , s a p u l o n g L u z o n s a P i l i p i n a s . B a n t o g a n g b u l k a n d a h i l s a h a l o s " p e r p e k t o n g h u g i s a p a " n i t o . A n g M a y o n a n g n a g i n g h i l a g a n g h a n g g a n a n n g L u n g s o d n g L e g a z p i ,
  • 31.
  • 32. ANYONG TUBIG A n g a n y o n g t u b i g a y k a h i t a n u m a n g m a k a h u l u g a n g p a g - i p o n n g t u b i g , k a d a l a s a n g t i n a t a k p a n a n g i b a b a w n g i s a n g p l a n e t a k a t u l a d n g D a i g d i g . H i n d i k i n a k a i l a n g a n n a h i n d i g u m a g a l a w o n a k a p a l o o b a n g i s a n g a n y o n g t u b i g ; a n g m g a i l o g , s a p a , k a n a l , a g u s a n , b a m b a n g a t i b a n g k a t a n g i a n g p a n g - h e o g r a p i y a k u n g s a a n d u m a d a l o y a n g t u b i g m u l a s a i s a n g l u g a r h a n g g a n g s a i s a p a n g l u g a r a y t i n u t u r i n g d i n g a n y o n g t u b i g .
  • 34. KARAGATAN A n g k a r a g a t a n a y t u b i g - a l a t n a b u m u b u o s a 9 7 p o r s i y e n t o n g l a h a t n g k a t u b i g a n s a d a i g d i g . H A L I M B A W A : K A R A G A T A N G P A S I P I K O ( P A C I F I C O C E A N ) - P i n a k a m a l a k i a t p i n a k a m a l a w a k n a a n y o n g - t u b i g s a b u o n g m u n d o . N a s a s a k o p n i t o a n g 4 5 . 9 p o r s i y e n t o n g b u o n g k a r a g a t a n s a d a i g d i g d a h i l s a s u k a t n i t o n a 1 5 5 , 5 5 7 , 0 0 0 k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o . M a s m a l a k i a n g P A C I F I C O C E A N k a y s a s a p i n a g s a m a n g m g a k a l u p a a n n g d a i g d i g . A n g p a n g a l a n g P A C I F I C o P A S I P I K O a y i b i n i g a y n i F e r d i n a n d M a g e l l a n n a n a n g a n g a h u l u g a n g
  • 35. DAGAT A n g d a g a t a y m a s m a l i i t k a y s a s a k a r a g a t a n a t m a s m a l a p i t s a k a l u p a a n . H A L I M B A W A : M e d i t e r a n e a n S e a - I t o a y m a t a t a g p u a n s a p a g i t a n n g E u r o p e a t A f r i c a . I t o a y m a y s u k a t n a 2 , 9 6 5 , 8 0 0 k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r a d o k a b i l a n g n a a n g B l a c k S e a a t S e a O f A z o u .
  • 36. GOLPO/GULF I t o a y a n g t a w a g s a m a l a l a k i n g l o o k a t k a r a n i w a n g n a s a b u k a n a n g k a r a g a t a n . H A L I M B A W A : G u l f o f T h a i l a n d , G u l f o f O m a n , P e r s i a n G u l f s a A s y a G u l f o f G u i n e a s a A f r i c a , G u l f o f A l a s k a a t G u l f o f M e x i c o s a N o r t h A m e r i c a a t a n g G u l f o f P a n a m a a t G u l f o f N u e v o s a S o u t h A m e r i c a .
  • 37. LOOK A n g l o o k ( I n g l e s : g u l f , b a y , h a r b o r , s o u n d , i n l e t ) a y i s a n g b a i y a n a m a a a r i n g g a m i t i n b i l a n g k a n l u n g a n n g s a s a k y a n g p a n d a g a t , k a t u l a d n g m g a b a p o r , p a r t i k u l a r n a k u n g m a y m a l a l a k a s n a m g a b a g y o . I t o a n g t i n a t a w a g n a " b r a s o " n g i s a n g d a g a t . G o l p o a n g t a w a g s a m a l a l a k i n g l o o k . K a u g n a y n i t o , t i n a g u r i a n g k a l o o k a n a n g p i n a k a p a n l o o b a t k u r b a d a n g r e h i y o n n g i s a n g g o l p o . H A L I M B A W A : B a y o f B e n g a l , K o r e a n B a y a t M a n i l a B a y s a a s y a a t B a y o f T o d o s L o s S a n t o s , B a y o f S a o M a r c o a t B a y o f S e c h u r a s a S o u t h A m e r i c a .
  • 38. KIPOT I t o a y a n y o n g - t u b i g n a n a s a p a g i t a n n g d a l a w a n g k a l u p a a n . H A L I M B A W A : S t r a i t o f M a l l a c a s a I n d o n e s i a , S t r a i t o f T a r t a r s a R u s s i a a t a n g L u z o n S t r a i t s a P i l i p i n a s a y a n g m g a k i l a l a n g k i p o t s a A s y a . M a t a t a g p u a n n a m a n s a A u s t r a l i a a n g B a s s S t r a i t a t T o r r e s S t r a i t n a M a l a p i t d i n s a P a p u a N e w G u i n e a .
  • 39. ILOG I s a n g u r i n g t u b i g - t a b a n g . K a r a n i w a n g n a g s i s i m u l a a n g p a g - a g o s n g i l o g s a m g a m a t a t a a s n a l u g a r t u l a d b u n d o k a t b u r o l . N a g m u m u l a a n g k a t u b i g a n n i t o s a m g a t i p a k n g y e l o s a i t a a s n g b u n d o k o k a y a n a m a n a y s a p a g - a p a w n g m g a l a w a a i s a n g m a t a a s n a l u g a r . H A L I M B A W A : A n g N i l e R i v e r s a A f r i c a a y a n g p i n a k a m a h a b a n g i l o g s a b u o n g d a i g d i g . I t o a y m a y h a b a n g 6 , 6 9 0 k i l o m e t r o a t l u m a l a n d a s s a m g a b a n s a n g U g a n d a , S u d a n , A t E g y p t . N a g m u m u l a a n g t u b i g n g N i l e R i v e r s a L a k e V i c t o r i a s a s i l a n g a n g A f r i c a .
  • 40. LAWA A n g a n y o n g t u b i g n a i t o a y n a p a p a l i g i r a n n g m g a k a l u p a a n . K a r a n i w a n g t u b i g - t a b a n g a n g m g a l a w a m a l i b a n s a i l a n n a t u b i g - a l a t . H A L I M B A W A : A n g p i n a k a m a l a k i n g l a w a s a d a i g d i g a y m a t a t a g p u a n s a a s y a . I t o a n g C a s p i a n S e a n a m a y l a w a k n a 3 9 4 , 2 9 9 k i l o m e t r o k u w a d r o . T i n a g u r i a n n g m g a s i n a u n a n g R o m a n a n g l a w a n a M a r e C a s p i u m n a i n a k a l a n g d a g a t d a h i l s a m a a l a t n a k a t u b i g a n n i t o .
  • 41. TALON I s a s a n a t a t a n g i n g a n y o n g t u b i g a n g t a l o n . M a r a m i n g t u r i s t a a n g n a a a k i t n a m a g t u n g o s a m g a l u g a r n a m a y m g a n a g t a t a a s a n a t n a g g a g a n d a h a n g t a l o n . H A L I M B A W A : A n g p i n a k a m a t a a s n a t a l o n s a b u o n g m u n d o a y A N G a n g e l F a l l s s a V e n e z u e l a . I t o a y m a y t a a s n a 3 , 2 1 2 t a l a m p a k a n . I p i n a n g a l a n a n g n a s a b i n g t a l o n s a i s a n g p i l o t o n a s i J i m m i e A n g e l n a n a g t a l a u k o l d i t t o n o o n g N o b y e m b r e 1 6 , 1 9 9 3 .