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The Role of Renewables inthe Australian PowerIndustry: Past, Present andFutureJoanne Patroni
Australia: Key Country data Population 22 million GDP (PPP) per capita $US 40,234 (2011), ranked 14th Predicted to be t...
Area and Population Distribution
Demonstrated Resources
Economy heavily reliant on exportsSource: DFAT SUMMARY OF AUSTRALIAS TRADE 2012
AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
History of Renewable Energy in Australia
Past contribution of Renewable Energy                                 Source: OECD/ international energy agency, 2011 Sour...
AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
Renewables in the power supply chain
Percentage of electricity generation fromrenewables by energy source (2010)Source: Clean Energy Council: Clean Energy Aust...
Distribution of current Australian Renewable generation plants Source: Australian Government Department of Resources, Ener...
Government Policies in place tostimulate demand for renewableenergyAdoption of Kyoto Protocol    Commitment to reduce gr...
Private sector Marketing + Gov policiescreating household demand
AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
Local Opinion on the future ofrenewables “Australia must substantially and relatively quickly change the nature of its ele...
Current Investment toward future capacity Source: Who’s winning the clean energy race? 2011
Potential for Renewable investmentSource: Australian Academy of Science 2009
Which way to Australia’s Energy   future?    Wind                            Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)    Solar ...
Cost as a barrier        Total Capital Cost ($/kW) for a range of alternative energy technologies in the US in the        ...
Contribution of renewables in Australia’s future electricity mixSource: CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship, 2009
Conclusion Country with high renewable potential and positive economic  outlook No significant increase in renewables (a...
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The Role of Renewables in the Australian Power Industry Past, Present and Future

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The Role of Renewables in the Australian Power Industry Past, Present and Future

  1. 1. The Role of Renewables inthe Australian PowerIndustry: Past, Present andFutureJoanne Patroni
  2. 2. Australia: Key Country data Population 22 million GDP (PPP) per capita $US 40,234 (2011), ranked 14th Predicted to be the best performing economy in the world over the next two years (IMF, April 2012) Climate: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast Environmental issues:  soil salinity and poor farming practices  soil erosion from overgrazing, desertification  limited natural freshwater resources  urbanizationSource: CIA World Fact Book
  3. 3. Area and Population Distribution
  4. 4. Demonstrated Resources
  5. 5. Economy heavily reliant on exportsSource: DFAT SUMMARY OF AUSTRALIAS TRADE 2012
  6. 6. AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
  7. 7. History of Renewable Energy in Australia
  8. 8. Past contribution of Renewable Energy Source: OECD/ international energy agency, 2011 Source: UNDP Country Statistical Profile
  9. 9. AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
  10. 10. Renewables in the power supply chain
  11. 11. Percentage of electricity generation fromrenewables by energy source (2010)Source: Clean Energy Council: Clean Energy Australia 2010
  12. 12. Distribution of current Australian Renewable generation plants Source: Australian Government Department of Resources, Energy andTourism 2008 report
  13. 13. Government Policies in place tostimulate demand for renewableenergyAdoption of Kyoto Protocol  Commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60% of 2000 levels by 2050National Greenhouse Accounts  System for tracking emissions reductions  Self-imposed target of 108% of 1990 levels over the period 2008-2012Mandatory Renewable Energy Target  Target of 20% of all consumption by 2020 (9500GwH by 2010, 45000 GwH by 2020)  Establishment of Office Renewable Energy Regulator to ensure compliancePhotovoltaic Rebate Program  Grants of $4 per watt installed  5.7MW installed since 2000Solar Cities  $75M public-private pilot project to demonstrate effectiveness of solar-based energy solutions in urban areasCarbon Pricing  legislation to price carbon of Dec 2011  tax at $23/tonne/year carbon dioxide emission due in July 2012.Source: Australian Government. Department of Climate Change. InternationalEnergy Agency – Global Renewable Energy Policy and Measures Database.
  14. 14. Private sector Marketing + Gov policiescreating household demand
  15. 15. AustralianRenewable Energy1. Past2. Present3. Future
  16. 16. Local Opinion on the future ofrenewables “Australia must substantially and relatively quickly change the nature of its electricity supply. The Commonwealth’s goal is to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions to 80% below 2000 levels by 2050. Much of this reduction will need to come from changes in electricity production, while keeping energy secure and affordable for Australians.” GRATTAN Institute, 2012“As a nation better endowed with renewable energy resources than most, and at the same time theOECD’s biggest per capita emitter of greenhouse gases, it behoves Australia to act promptly, and perhapslead the world to a zero emissions economy based on renewable energy.”General Peter Gration, AC, OB E, FT SEFormer Australian Chief of Defence
  17. 17. Current Investment toward future capacity Source: Who’s winning the clean energy race? 2011
  18. 18. Potential for Renewable investmentSource: Australian Academy of Science 2009
  19. 19. Which way to Australia’s Energy future?  Wind  Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)  Solar PV  Nuclear  Concentrating Solar Power  Bioenergy  Geothermal …All face obstacles to achieving their full potential.Source: OECD Working Paper
  20. 20. Cost as a barrier Total Capital Cost ($/kW) for a range of alternative energy technologies in the US in the period 1995-2020(estimated) Solar PV *not considering Social Cost of Carbon (SCC) $85/tCO2e Concentrated Solar Geothermal Hot Rock Biomass Geothermal other WindSource: U.S. EIA (2010)
  21. 21. Contribution of renewables in Australia’s future electricity mixSource: CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship, 2009
  22. 22. Conclusion Country with high renewable potential and positive economic outlook No significant increase in renewables (as proportion) in last 10 years Current investment mostly in Solar PVRecommendations Increase Federal funding for R&D to establish commercial viability and reliability Focus future investment in geothermal, biomass and wind carbon sequestration cheapest energy source coal would become "cleaner"

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