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Plaquette de présentation du Cameroun à l'Expo Universelle de Shangaï, mars 2010

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  1. 1. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 3 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Paul Biya President of the Republic of Cameroon
  2. 2. philemon yang Prime Minister Expo Sh angaïCameroon House 5 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA
  3. 3. CONTENT w EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Expo Shangaï6 Cameroon House Amultipleofpeopleandculture 9 TheentireAfricandiversity 8 Cameroon’sminingpotentials 36 TheNationalInvestmentCorporation 40 Touteladiversitédel’Afrique 20 Agreatcountryoffootball 46 Yaoundesuscribestomodernity 48 Anancientculturalheritage 20 Roadinfrastructuresnumerousanddiverseinvestments 30 PaulBiya,ademocrateattheserviceofprogress 10 PublisheR luc Magloire MbARGA ATANGANA eXeCuTiVe PublisheR issaTChiROMA bAKARY COORDiNATORs MuTOMbi Joseph NDOuMbe MeTuGe eKANeY Philip eDiTOR iN ChieF emmanuel MbA NGONO eDiTORiAl sTAFF MeTuGe eKANeY Philip William Paul ObOuN NYebe William’s Paul ObOuN NYebe Clotaire sOMe suzanne ZOGO Modeste MeFeNZA emmanuel AWONO serge NGOMbOuTe Jean-bosco barthélemy AMuGu hélène NKeNGNie ebONA NYeTAM sAMbA MbAllA Joseph TChOuPA emmanuel MbA NGONO Jean ATANGANA Polycarpe ATebA Colette NJOYA Nicomède sAMbA MbAllA TRANslATiON AlObWeDe Charles essAMbe MiNKO Rudolf DesiGN & GRAPhisM Joachim MeliNGui Tel.: 77 87 92 40 / 96 38 24 85 e-mail: PhOTO ARChieVes Ths Cameroon housing Company (siC) Ministry of Tourism Ministry of urban Development and housing lawrence Chi NYAMNGOh Dutrons KeNMOe Fernand Kuissu Claude Célestin NTeMe louis AWONO seCReTARiAT Chantal salomé NGONDi suzannah MuKeTe MarieThérèse NGO biTJiCK Octavie DJAMi Marthe OKAlli Anastasie NTeDe
  4. 4. Luc magloire Mbarga atangana Minister of Trade Expo ShangaïCameroon House 7 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA EDITORIAL would also be appropriate to implement entirely the law regulating urbanism promul- gated in 2004. Meanwhile, emphasis would be laid on the creation or the renovation of urban waterways in all the divisional headquarters. Finally, concrete incentive measures would be undertaken in favour of low cost housings. The measures underway, implemented by the government to restructure urban cities should be improved to enable these cities to fully play their leading role. With a 60% contribution to GDP, cities appear to be real economic development centres. The government is committed to effectively equip Cameroonian cities so as to enhance their capacities and role in terms of the revival and sustainability of economic growth. it is within this framework that the investment for the renovation of the Yaounde and Douala structuring waterways can be inscribed as well as the cleaning up projects underway in these two metropolitans. These investments would not have been possible without the support of development partners, notably the World bank, the united Nations Development Programme (uNDP), the belgian Technical Cooperation, and the French Cooperation through its debt reduction development contract (C2d), among other measures. The People’s Republic of China is not left out. The support from space idea, the contractor designated by the Chinese government to assist Cameroon in organising her exhibition has proven to be very essential. The Chinese know-how in Cameroon no longer needs to be demonstrated, notably with the construction of the lagdo hydro-electricity Dam on the benoué River near Garoua, the Yaounde Conference Centre and of the Yaounde-Warda Multipurpose sports complex, and the recalibrating of the Mfoundi River. There is also the construction of the Douala waterways, the Yaounde and Douala Gynaeco-obstetrics and Paediatric hospitals. let me seize this opportunity to wish a warm welcome to all those visiting the Cameroon stand: “Africa in miniature”, an ex- pression commonly used by tourists to designate the country of Roger Milla and samuel eto’o. Cameroon’s exhibition stand is by chance situated on the way into the African pavilion. After hanover (Germany) in 1998, Aichi (Japan) in 2002 and saragossa (spain) in 2008, here comes the time for Ca meroon to be present at the universal exhibition in shanghai, the People’s Republic of China. Cameroon’s participation in this give and take rendezvous ties with the diplomacy of representation underscored by his excellency Paul biya, President of the Republic. The shanghai exhibition is placed under the theme “better city, better life”. An entire programme to take into account all the related difficulties deterring African cities in general and Cameroonian cities in particular has been put in place. Our city dwellers are all aspiring for a better life where access to basic urban services is guaranteed. it is unfortunate that Cameroonian cities are still in a constric- ted state with slums resulting from a disorga- nized urban development plan. it is for this purpose that the sub-theme chosen by Cameroon to guide this exhibition is: “The restructuring of urban cities”. There is an imperative need for our cities to be restructured owing to the inadequately controlled urban development. in fact, the choice of this theme is a clear indication of Cameroon’s willingness to fight against urban deficiency and improve on the living environ- ment and standards of citizens. For this to happen, the restructuring of our cities is an unavoidable process. it should be recalled that while addressing the people of the littoral Region in 2004 during the October 11 electoral campaign, the President of the Republic underscored the urgent need to restructure our urban cities. “in Douala, as in all of our major cities, there is the need to introduce a more consistent action in urban development, which presently is done in an anarchical manner. For this, it would be necessary to pass a new law that would reform the land and tenure sector. it The People’s Republic of China is not left out. The support from Space Idea, the contractor designated by the Chinese government to assist Came- roon in organi- sing her exhibition has proven to be very essential. A Consistent Urban Development Plan
  5. 5. At independence, Cameroon expressed its great ambitions in the preamble of its Constitution : « Fier de sa di- versité linguistique et culturelle, élément de sa personnalité nationale qu’il contribue à enrichir, mais profondément conscient de la nécessité impérieuse de parfaire son unité, le Cameroun proclame solennellement qu’il constitue une seule et même nation, engagée dans le même destin et affirme sa volonté inébranlable de construire la patrie camerou- naise sur la base de l’idéal de fraternité, de justice et de progrès ». situated in the Golf of Guinea, Cameroon is in betweenWest and Central Africa.With its triangular shape, it has a 402 km border with the Atlantic Ocean, and has boundaries with Chad in the north, Nigeria in the west, the Central African Republic in the east, Congo, Gabon and equatorial Guinea in the south. Given its central position in the heart of Africa, Cameroon has all climatic, tourist, linguistic and cultural variations of Africa. This is why the country is considered by some observers as a real “Africa in miniature” The country has five natural regions comprised of beaches and forests in the south, the savannah in the north whereas the west is dominated by mountains and high lands. One of the highest summits in West Africa, the Mount Cameroon (4070m) is found in the southWest Region in the town THE ENTIRE AFRICAN DIVERSITY Known for its human and natural resources, its football and its music, President Paul biya’s country is a « gift from God» on the ecological, cultural, geographical and human plans. The country has five natural regions comprise of beaches and forests in the south, the savannah in the north whereas the west is dominated by mountains and high lands. A Mousgoum earth house in the Far North region Expo Shangaï8 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA The Lobe Falls. The unique river in the world that empties its water directly into the ocean
  6. 6. of buea. Cameroon has two climate zones : the northern zone characterised by a hot and dry climate.The dry season goes from November to April and the rainy season from May to October.The southern zone is domina- ted by cold and hot climate with two rainy seasons and a dry season that goes from November to February. The famous locality of Debuncha in the southWest Region falls within this zone.The locality is the area with the second highest rainfall in the world. Cameroon has a diversified population of about nineteen million four hundred thousand inhabitants unequally spread out all over the national territory. More than 40% of the population is below fourteen years of age while those aged sixty represent only 4% of the population. More than two hundred ethnic groups peacefully cohabit in the country. Colonial heritage imposed two official languages to the people, French and english, which are used in the administra- tion, for teaching and for daily activities. To this plethora of languages is added religious di- versity. Catholics, Muslims, and Protestants represent respectively 35%, 25% and 15% of the population. Traditional religions and the new religions occupy a considerable position. An ancient history A multiple of people and cultures EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Fantasia in the northern region i t A presidential regime : The President of the Republic is elected by universal suffrage for a seven year term. he is at the head of the executive power, assisted by a Prime Minister, head of Government. The National Assembly : it has 180 members elected by universal suffrage for a five year term. Administrative divisions : 10 regions, 58 divisions and 319 sub-divisions. At independence on January 1st, 1960, AhMADOu AhiDJO was elected as the first President of the Republic of Cameroon. Vice-président : • Vice-president John NGu FONChA (October 1961 - May 1965).The salomonTANDeM MuNA (May 1970 – May 1972). • 06 November 1982: Paul biYA became the President of the Republic by constitutional order following AMADOu AhiDJO’s resignation as President of the Republic. • 1992 : first multiparty elections in Cameroon. - Capital city :Yaounde - largest town : Douala. - Other major cities : Maroua, bafoussam, Garoua, Nkong- samba, bamenda, Kumba, Ngaoundere, buea, edea, ebolowa, Kribi, bertoua, sangmélima, limbe, Dschang, Foumban... - Main rivers : sanaga, benoue, Faro, Chari, logone, Wouri, Dibamba, Nyong, Ntem, lobo, Dja, lobé, Moungo, Nkam. -Waterway : 2 090 km. - Currency : CFA Franc [1 euro (€) = 657.59 CfaF] - Dialling code : GMT + 1 - indicatif téléphonique : + 237 - internet domain : .Cm in 1492 the Portuguese who settled at Fernando Pô discovered Cameroon when they sailed up the River Wouri.They were amazed by the number of prawns found in the river which they named Rio Dos Cameroes (River of prawns).The word was transformed by other travellers who visited Cameroon.Thus the spanish called it Cama- roes, the Germans, Kamerun, the english, the Cameroons and the French, Cameroun, from where the Republic of Cameroon was born. After the berlin Conference on the partition of Africa, Cameroon became a German colony till the end of the WWi.TheVersaillesTreaty that was signed after the war placed Cameroon under a double protectorate: the eastern part under France and the western part under britain. On 1st January 1960 the French part obtained its in dependence. On 1st October 1961, the british part chose to join the french part in a referendum. This saw the birth of the Federal Republic of Cameroon. After a second referendum of 20th May 1972, the united Republic of Cameroon was born, which later became the Republic of Cameroon in 1984 with a green-red-yellow flag and a golden yellow star on the red, and a national anthem “Ô Cameroon, cradle of our forefathers…”. Multi-party politics was reintroduced in Cameroon in 1990 and the National Assembly is made up of different political parties. There are over 150 political parties and as many associations of the civil society. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 9 The “Ngondo” traditional festival of the Sawa people of the Littoral region
  7. 7. As a young man, the quest for excellent training led him to France where he studied in leading academic institu- tions: lycée louis-le Grand at the institut des hautes etudes d’Outre-Mer, the Paris Faculty of law and the institut d’etudes Politiques de Paris. After an exemplary academic trail, Paul biya took on a vocational and political career in October 1962. he occupied the positions of Chargé de Mission at the Presidency of the Republic, Director of Cabinet at the Minis- try of National education, the Ministry of Youth and Culture, secretary General at the Presidency of the Republic, Minister, secretary General at the Presidency of the Republic, Prime Minister of the united Republic of Cameroon, and President of the united Republic of Cameroon from November 06, 1982. Paul biya’s stay at the helm of the Cameroo- nian nation is characterised by the wish to liberalise and to modernise public life through “rigour and moralisation”. First of all, the putting in place of a judiciary power that replaced the judicial authority and which transformed Cameroon into a modern presidential regime where there is cohabitation between the executive, the legis- lative and the regulatory through the Natio- nal Audit Office, the National Anti Corruption Commission, the National Agency for Financial investment and the National Governance Programme. On the political plan, there is democratic opening with the existence of over 150 authorised political parties. The economic sector is marked by non-involvement of the state in most economic sectors. For his love for peace, Paul biya has installed peaceful democracy summarised by the formula: “let’s negotiate, let’s not fight”. On the external plan, Cameroonians should be grateful to Paul biya for the pacific resolution of the Cameroon-Nigeria conflict over the bakassi peninsular through a Decision of the international Court of Justice (iCJ) atThe hague, on 10 October 2002, and the Green Tree Accord of 12 June 2006 in NewYork. «Cameroon is no one’s property ». This statement by the Cameroonian head of state equally shows his openness to inter- national cooperation, which induces an effective, dynamic and inclusive diplomacy. he was the first President of the CeMAC monetary zone to commit his country in a pre-accord economic partnership (APe° with the european union (eu). The rea- lisation of his “great ambition » will en- able him leave behind a Cameroon the youths will be proud of. PAUL BIYA, A DEMOCRATE AT THE SERVICE OF PROGRESS born in a peasant middle class family, Paul biya builds his personality in a junior seminary, in the rigour and austerity of Catholic priests. he later left Cameroon to further his studies in France. since 1982, his presence is leaving an indelible hallmark in the evolution of Cameroon. «Cameroon is no one’s pro- perty ». This statement by the Cameroo- nian Head of state equally shows his openness to in- ternational co- operation, which induces an effective, dyna- mic and inclu- sive diplomacy. Expo Shangaï10 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Pacific resolution of the Bakasssi border conflict. A handshake between Presidents Paul Biya and Olu- segun Obasanjo in the presence of the former United Nations Secretary General, Kofi ATAANNAN;
  8. 8. Expo Sh angaïCameroon House 11 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA The Cameroon and Chinese Presidential couples at the entrance into the Unity Palace;
  9. 9. The distinction squarely fits the profile of Cameroon’s First lady. The distinction is nevertheless the results of exceptional effort at the service of the ill, the underprivileged, and in the fight against illiteracy. With the Foundation that bears her name, the First lady is at the head of the fight for poverty alleviation, the fight against illnesses and human sufferings. she has received many letters of congratulations which are sent to her on a daily basis by many families who have benefited from her assistance. A cry, a tear dropped, a family in need, the First lady is always there to give a helping hand. During the summit of First ladies held in Yaounde in 1996, the African synergy was created. it has enabled the First lady to gather positive results beyond our national frontiers. The pan-African association of which she is the founder, has since 2002 been at the forefront of the fight against hiV/AiDs and the elimination of all forms of suffering. Chantal biya has the scientific support of Professor luc MONTAGNieR and Professor Robert GAllOT, co-foun- ders of the Aids virus. in widening her field of action, the First lady has taken into consideration violence against women and young girls. in this light, she organises actions on the field, workshops for the training of trainers and contractors in the Preven- tion of the Transmission of hiV/AiDs from mother to child (PTMC) in Conakry, Niamey, Ouagadougou, bujumbura and ba- mako.These actions have led to the reinfor- cement of the sensitisation campaign for the Prevention of the Transmission of hiV/AiDs from Mother to Child; making available to member states fast hiV scree- ning tests; the putting in place of an inter- national Centre in the like of the Chantal biya CiRCb in Cameroon, specialised in scientific research for the fight against hiV/AiDs. African synergy, which is an NGO presently, has eighteen members, all First ladies in Africa. CHANTAL BIYA, THE FIRST LADY WITH A GREAT HEART it was with brio that Chantal biya was appointed uNesCO Good Will Ambassador, on 14 November 2008 in Paris by the Director Ge- neral of uNesCO, KOiChiRO MATsuuRA in recognition of her numerous benevolent works. she became the fourth African persona- lity o receive the prestigious title after Nelson MANDelA, Cheik MODibO andWOle sOYiNKA. Madam Chantal Biya Expo Shangaï12 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA
  10. 10. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 13 g in addition, the Cycle of friends of Cameroon (CeRAC), founded by the First lady, is a support tool to development and to the efforts of her illus- trious husband. CeRAC intervenes in the sensitisa- tion of the populations, the promotion of voluntary hiV/AiDs screening and the training of commu- nity leaders on initiatives to improve on the living conditions of the populations. The Cameroon First lady is equally involved, with the government, in the education sector, in the education of the youths in general and that of the woman in particular with her “ecole des Champions de la Fondation Chantal biya” project. Full primary school structures are constructed in many localities in the country.These well equipped schools offer appropriate learning environment for children from all social classes without any discri- mination. For the project to be realised, Chantal biya has signed a partnership with the editions classiques d’expression française (eDiCeF). books and adapted pedagogic material, as well as libraries and multimedia centres are offered to pupils and teachers of the schools. Whenever she accompanies her illustrious husband abroad, Chantal biya takes advantage to makes encounters with other humanitarian act ors on the international scene, in order to send through her ideal of love and solidarity. CERAC, a cercle of generous women EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Members of the Cercle of friends of Cameroon (CERAC) Madam Chantal BIYA presenting her UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador passport
  11. 11. Expo Shangaï14 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA CAMEROON Cameroon has a great diversity in all domains for tourism: the relief, the climate, the wildlife, the men and traditions. 300 beautiful tourist sites were recently listed by the technical services of the Ministry of Tourism.The cultures and traditions of 240 ethnic groups in the country are an attraction for the visitor.
  12. 12. n The entire Cameroon tourism is made up of beaches and picturesque bays, large rivers with waterfalls, mountains, crater lakes, luxurious forest landscapes, savannahs and steppes, a rich and varied wildlife, populations with ancient and traditional chieftaincies with a rich cultural patrimony. Vestiges and monuments of co- lonialism are proofs of this prestigious history. From North to south, east to West, there are goof bases for international tourists, es- pecially those interested in exotic tourist pro- ducts. The present tourists lodging capacity in Cameroon is 9581 rooms of the 5840 recommended. Cameroon has three international airports used by a good number of air companies (Air France, swiss Air, Moroccan Royal Air, Kenya Airways, KlM, ethiopian Airlines, Virgin) and eight secondary airports. A road network links all the Regional headquarters to the major tourist sites, while a railway line links the southern to the northern part of the country. Meanwhile there are some aspects that hin- der Cameroon tourism to grow. These are among other, the harassment of tourists; the high cost to travel to Cameroon; the enclo- sure of some tourist sites; the weakness of certain infrastructures and the absence of professionalism. The Ministry of Tourism is presently to resolve all insufficiencies by intensifying the fight against the insecurity, of persons and their property, mostly in urban cities; the opening of tourist information offices for foreigners (the Paris office is already operational); improving on reception at airports; easing the obtaining of visas and improving the quality of services in tourist establishments. Cameroon’s tourism riches Expo ShangaïCameroon House 15 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Houses constructed with stones from the Mandara mountains, Far North region of Cameroon; seCTiON beach tourism practiced mostly on the Atlantic coastlines safari Cultural tourism ecotourism Tourism for adventure businessTourism and congresses sport angling ACTiViTies AND PlACe limbe, Kribi, Manoka beaches Numerous reserves offer an impressive variety of Afri- can fauna (elephants, lions, Giraffes, black rhinoceros, buffalos, hippopotamus, mandrills, gorillas, Os- triches, crocodiles etc) The wide ethnic diversity offers a well developed craft industry, different traditio- nal lifestyles, a historic and rich patrimony etc. The KORuP National Park has tree species of millions of years. The DJA Forest Reserve has been classified by uNesCO as world heri- tage, Mount Cameroon with a height of 4070 m har- bours flora dating centuries. Dinosaurs’ footprints and fossils in Mayo Rey in the North Region Mountaineering, walk in the forests, Canoe driving on major rivers and discovery. Mostly in the Yaounde and Douala metropolitans. limbe and Kribi are also featuring. ird-watching, nautical sports and equestrian, diving, crui- sing on the Wouri and sa- naga Rivers, The Kribi coastline, and lake Osa which harbours manatees.
  13. 13. Expo Shangaï16 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA The head of state has opted for tourism as one of the pillars (cornerstones) underlying his Great Ambitions policy for the economic development of Cameroon and the fight against poverty.Tourism as enunciated above is that which has concern for the safeguard of the national cultural values and the envi- ronment. in this regard, numerous opportunities are offered to both national and international economic operators who may be interested. The areas include: a The construction of big tourism com- plexes on the atlantic coast : marinas, swimming stations, holiday villages… a The construction of hotels on tourism sites and urban centres; a The creation of amusements parks; a exploitation of tourism sites; a The organisation of charter flights for Cameron destination; a The putting in place of infrastructure for the organisation of cruising on some cameroon’s major rivers and atlan- tic coast; a The concession in the management of state-owned hotels. Kribi beach INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE TOURISM SECTOR A giraf in the WAZA ParkA giraf in the WAZA ParkA giraf in the WAZA Park
  15. 15. When to visit?This depends on the site the tourist wants to visit. The entire southern part of the country is forest and has four seasons: a long dry season that spans from January to March, a small rainy season runs from April to June, a small dry season from July to sep- tember, and a long rainy season from Octo- ber to December. in the northern part on the contrary, two main seasons exist: a rainy season that com- mences in June and ends in October, and the dry season runs throughout the other months. however, these segmentations are but in theory as there exist some slight dif- ferences such as in the West region where heavy rains are recorded from July to sep- tember, and in the littoral where it rains al- most all time. Aside National Parks located in the northern part of the country and where accessibility is difficult during the rainy season, Cameroon can be visited the whole year round. A tourism visa is issued to foreigners who wish to undertake a pleasure trip to Cameroon at Cameroon’s diplomatic and consular representations abroad. it has 30 days of validity non-renewable, with many entries and exits. Tourists coming from countries in which Cameroon has no representation can obtain the visa at the frontier post of entry into the country. The same applies to tourists on holidays. Documents needed for a tourism visa include: v A valid passport, v A to and fro air ticket, v An international vaccination card, (yel- low fever), v Two passport size photographs, v A lodging certificate or hotel reserva- tion v A visa application form withdrawn at the Consulates or obtained by mail on mere request, filled and duly signed. in this case, the tourist is advised to attach a stamped envelope for returns. Came- roon’s fiscal stamps are sold in the Consulates. Tourists from all the four corners of the globe have an opportunity to visit Cameroon where the un- questionable hospitality of its populace is reserved at any period of their choice throughout the year on the sole condition of fulfilling the following entry and exit formalities, simplified to the minimum. Expo Shangaï18 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA ENTRY FORMALITIES INTO CAMEROON
  16. 16. Cameroon has high-class health structures which include the Douala andYaounde reference hospitals, theYaounde universityTeaching hospital as well as a good number of other health structures spread all over the entire national territory. The tourist benefits from the exemption regime of the temporal importation of objects for personal use; jewelleries of less than 500g, clothes and linen, cat and dog, two photo cameras of reduced size with 10 rolls of film each, a video camera of reduced size with 10 reels, a portable radio and television set, a portable video recorder, a pair of binoculars, camping and sports wear, toiletries, children’s cars, three litres of wine, a litre of an aperitif or spirit, 500g of tobacco or 400 cigarettes or 125 cigar. For guns and ammunitions, an importation licence is nee- ded. For the exportation of animal products, an interna- tional vaccination certificate against rabbies is also required. HEALTH Expo ShangaïCameroon House 19 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA u Cameroon still blessed with animals species that are going extinct
  17. 17. Douala,the economic capital of Came- roon, which is situated two hundred and forty kilometres fromYaounde, is at the heart of cultures of the coastal populations, that is the sawa culture, in spite of the modern evolutions it has been subjec- ted to since 1800 with the arrival of the first German colonialists. it is thus not surprising that the heart of the Cameroon economy and that of the entire Central Africa is host, each year, during the dry season, to the Ngondo festival, just like edea, a neighbou- ring town is host to the Mpoo festival; two unavoidable cultural festivals of the sawa people. Till date, the Ngondo has remained the biggest cultural festival of the coastal peo- ple, a real pilgrimage full of dances, carnivals, ancestral rites, exhibitions, and especially an impressive canoe race on the River Wouri, which waters the coast of the economic me- tropolis. The sawa coastal cultures cover the regions of littoral, the southWest in its western frontier with Nigeria, the localities of Kribi and the Campo frontier zones which border equato- rial Guinea and Gabon. This area comprises the bakokos, the bakweris, the batanga and the Dualas and other similar populations. incontestably, the Makossa is the dominant musical brand of the sawa people. it is played by artists of exceptional talents like late Fran- cis bebey, ekambi brilliant, Grâce Decca, Ri- chard bona and the most illustrious of all them, Manu Dibango. AN ANCIENT CULTURAL HERITAGE To cover Cameroon from south to North is to discover the cultures of the African coast, that is, bantu cultures of the Afri- can forests, the pygmy cultures, and cultures of the African highlands, cultures of the great lakes of Africa, sudano-sahel and nomad cultures. Expo Shangaï20 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Manu Dibango, one of the grea- test Cameroonian’s musicians
  18. 18. b of them remain to this day, the Royal Museum of Foumban. Then there are many other museums scattered arround royal palacies bali, bafut, from bafoussam to bamoungoum to bandjoun and baleng, etc.. like the Nguon feast in Foumban, the peoples of the cultural sphere of grass- fields equally organize many events and festivals of large bill in the same manner as the sawa honor annually the rende-vous of Ngondo. During the dry season, peo- ple's lives are punctuated by holding lavish funeral ceremonies that are both cultural and ceremonial events. The symphonies of the north The visitor, who finally lands in the north, consisting of parts of Adamawa, North and Far North Cameroon, is engulfed in an area of extremely diverse and complex, cultural area where Moslems (Fulani and Fulbes)coexist with a mixed Muslim Fulbe (Fulani or Fulbes) and the people who settled in these territories before 1808. This applies, inter alia to the, Mboum, the Gbaya of Adamawa, Fali , the Guidar, bata of the north, the Guiziga, the Massa, the Toupouris, the Matakams of the Mousgoum, the Moudang of the Far North. The diversity of ethnic groups and reli- gions of the north meet the wide variety of art forms, characterized by a fund-Fu- lani Muslim cultural diversity and heritage of "peoples and traditional societies of northern Cameroon. The islamo-Fulani cultural background is still dominated by: its organization around "lamidats" administratively well-structu- red, each under the authority of a lamido, his dress style, his lifestyle and his artistic expression combining the musical instru- ments of original Arabic, hausa and sa- helianWest Africa as algaïta, flute, trumpet or giant "gagahi, percussion sahel (" tal- king drums or kalangou, drums of various kinds, etc.). For their part, the Mboum, the Massa, Toupouris, the Fali, the Moudang, the Ko- toko Mbororo, jealously guard their cultu- ral heritage strongly steeped in ancient traditions. harmoniously and in mutual respect, the various peoples living in the north are promoting their cultural identi- ties. in lamidats, the fantasias or racing horses always come first. A particularly ex- citing and original show that features horses and riders dressed in particular co- lourful finery. The cultural wealth of the north is also reflected in the folklore of its many ethnic festivals that take place an- nually and ritual manifestations, become unmissable for the visitors. A fertile culture beyond the rich cultural heritage and its many ethnic groups, Cameroon finally has some important artistic production appre- ciated in all areas, assessed, thanks to crea- tivity, vitality and fertility of the genius of its people. in the literary field, the country produces an abundance of contemporary literature in english and French. The changing of the generation of leopold Ferdinand Oyono, Mongo beti, Francis bebey, Rene Philombe and others is ensured. New wri- ters are emerging on the front of the lite- rary scene: Calixte beyala Gaston Kelman, eugene eboda, Gaston Paul effa, leonora Miano, Yodi Karon Godula Kossak ... in all the cultural vitality of Cameroon re- mains boundless. like his music and lite- rature, painting, sculpture, her haute couture, contemporary dance and film have crossed many borders for ages and make Cameroon a land of culture. From the littoral, the visitor lands in the heart of the equatorial forest which is equally beautiful in the bantu culture.The bantu populations include the beti-fangs, the yambassas, the bafias, the banens, the people of the east region, that is, the Makas, the bamvelles, the Gbayas, the Kunambembes,.. Mythical adventure stories characterise the bantu cultures. Through tales, epics, fables, proverbs, and the mvet music, the forest people retrace their past, remember their legendary heroes, their dids and secure their future. The mvet is both an instrument and favoured music for the beti-Fangs. late eno bilinga holds that through an oral and epic tale, the mvet artist “restores a social order of grandeur and heroism, with the aim of conquering im- mortality …” unfortunately the great masters of the mvet are leaving the scene without successors. Today, the Daniel Osomo, ebo Obiang, asomo Ngono ela,Vincent Obate and many other have been forgotten. Just like the Makossa is the musical identity of the coastal people, bikusi is dominant in the bantu sphere, inspite of a rich variety of rythms and choregraphies transmitted through generations : bassa Assiko, the xylophone (med- zang) of the etons, the bafia dances, Mbali, lihongo, pa- tengue, fiembe, ozila, akoultang, etc. the older generation of musicians like Jean bikoko Aladin, Oncle Medjo Me som Jacob, Anne-Marie Nzié, Messi Martin, elanga Maurice, NguiniVincent, ebogo emérant are handing the relay baton to the younger generations of artists like Nkodo sitony, Katino, Ai jo Mamadou, Ma Joie Ayi, lady Ponce, Ama Pierrot,Tonton ebogo, etc. West of royal museums From the forest area, Cameroon’s diversity extends to the region of the high plateaux and to the mountains of the West and the NorthWest.This is the grass field cultural sphere, which is famous for its sculpture, its masks, its music, its multicolour and richly embroidered traditional costumes, its sculpted thrones, its ritual ceremonies, etc. in the cultural sphere regions of West and Northwest, chiefdoms play a fundamental role in the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage. Witness the presence of rich museums within these traditional institutions, some dating as far back as the XVi century. The most famous An art of the forest Expo ShangaïCameroon House 21 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA
  19. 19. Many and varied as they can be, disparities do not only exist between cities but also within cities. in a famous book entitled “Ville Cruelle ” the renowned Cameroonian writer Mongo beti, presents an overview of the town of Mbalmayo during the colonial era, structured around two centres,Tanga North and Tanga south. This structuring was to showcase the cleavage existing between the first centre made up of rich people and the second centre made up of the poor indige- nous people in the town of Mbalmayo. To this effect, the spatial opposition existing between Northern Tanga and southern Tanga is sociological. Within the framework of the elaboration of the typology of towns, chosen criteria could be the population, the dominating activity and at times, the immediate environment and the hinterland. in Cameroon, it is easy to distinguish the political and administrative towns, economic towns, industrial towns, universities and tourist towns. it is convenient to acknowledge that the criteria considered to erect a locality to the rank of a town are mostly administrative. in Cameroon, every administrative constituency is a town. During the colonial era, localities were occupied by political elites and hosted public services (administrative buildings), a tradition respected to date in the Yaoundé (the administrative capital) and in divisional and sub- divisional headquarters. The “civil servant” mentality characterised by the wearing of outfits (jackets, suits) is highly present in administrative towns. As the headquarters of state institutions, the capital city of Cameroon is a symbol of the administrative nature of Cameroonian cities. Yaoundé is playing host to very important meetings held notably at the Conference Centre (fruit of the Chinese architectural genius, which is highly solicited thanks to its intake capacity, for the holding of many international forums, seminars and conferences. illustratively, starting with the African summit (in 1996), through the Franco-African summit of 2001, not leaving out the numerous regional rendezvous, notably the CeMAC (Central Africa economic and Monetary Community), there has never been a week without the holding of a conference or participants taking part in one colloquium or another at the Conference Centre. Thanks to the stability of its institution and its policy of effective diplomacy, the city of Yaoundé is hosting many diplomatic representations and is the headquarters of many sub-regional organizations such as the African Organization for intellectual Property (AOiP); the Organization for the harmonization of business law in Africa (OhADA) or the Organization for Military sports in Africa (headed by a Cameroonian). situated some 300 kilometres away from Yaoundé along the Wouri estuary, Douala is not only the most populated city, but likewise the economic engine of the country.The international Airport and the seaport are added value to the strategic position of this locality, a veritable entry and exit point of Cameroon and an obligatory gateway for goods destined to certain neighbouring countries or on transit to international markets.The visitor is able to admire the density and the variety of the economic tissue as well as the wealthy hotel and banking networks. Many industries and companies are actively operational and the main trade activity is practiced in many markets such as what is now known as “China Town” with the presence of a variety of goods and pro- ducts from China flooding the entire country. Multinational companies such as Nestle, les brasseries du Cameroun, Castel or Total, international mobile enterprises such as Orange or MTN have their branches in Douala. here, unlike in the other industrial and economic towns, attitudes and habits of a great majority of people are totally contracting with the habits of inhabitants of other towns. The reason for this lies is the fact that these CAMEROON AT THE TEST OF URBAN COSMOPOLITISM Far from being a linear panorama, the landscape of Cameroonian cities is quite contrasting. Many factors can explain these disparities sometimes present within the same agglomeration. Many indus- tries and com- panies are actively operational and the main trade activity is practiced in many markets such as what is now known as “China Town” with the presence of a variety of goods and pro- ducts from China flooding the entire coun- try. Expo Shangaï22 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA A view of the city of Douala
  20. 20. dynamic men and women are bound to earn their living through hard labour and efforts. in Douala, as in limbe or edea, the constant humid environment gives no room for laziness as people have to be dynamic in order to earn their daily living. beside the small number of office workers, the majority of the popula- tions rely on petty businesses and income generating activities. even women are bound to get up very early to be able to stand a pot on their fireside. With regards to tourist towns, Cameroon has been qualified as “Africa in miniature” owing to its huge tourist potential.There is a consi- derable number of tourist attractions among which are; the Waza park (in the Far North, the limbe botanic garden (not far from Douala), the “hanging rocks of Mezesse (a locality 22 kilometres away from sangme- lima), the ebogo tourist site, the AKOK bekoè cave, the Nkolandom tourist wonders, etc. With this in hand, the dynamic popula- tion surrounding these touristic sites is relen- tlessly challenged to think on how to render the sites more attractive. With regards to university towns, intelligence related activities make up the daily agenda of its mostly youthful constituted population. A good illustration is the town of soa, situated some 15 kilometres away fromYaoundé.The housing here is dominated by student residen- tial quarters. Apart from Yaoundé, which has two state universities, there are other state universities, notably; Ngaoundere, Maroua, Douala, Dschang and buea. Private promoters have opened higher institutions of learning in many localities of the Republic. This is the case with the towns of bangangté, ebolowa, bertoua, and Nkongsamba amongst others. These university towns are fully inhabited du- ring schooling periods and become relatively empty during short term and summer holi- days as students leave to meet their respective families. Yaoundé and Douala, two metropolitan towns with an estimated population of over one million each, the eighteen secondary towns with an estimated population of over 100.000 and the 34 towns with an estimated population of over 10.000 to 100.000, the balance urban network is an asset for the development of Cameroon. The Far North Region : s The Maroua festival s The Kanuri cultural week s The feast of the cock s The groundnut feast The Adamawa Region : s The Nyem-Nyem festival The Centre Region : s The Mbam Art s The cassava feast (Mbalmayo) The litoral Region : s The Ngondo s The Mpoo s The Kupe The Western Region : s The Mendumba festival (bangangté) s The bandjoun cultural week s The Ngoun (Foumban) The east Region : s The badjuwé cultural week s The Maka cultural week The south Region : s The feast of the water s The batanga cultural week The southWest region : s The Mount Cameroon race or the “Race of hope” Other cultural events l s The Yaounde international theatre encounters (ReTiC) ; s The ecrans Noirs (the black Film festival); s FesTel (theTelevision Film festival); s FeNAC (National festival of Arts and Culture); s FATeA (African festival of Theatre for Children); s AbOKi GOMA (Festival of modern dances). Some major national cultural and artistic events Expo ShangaïCameroon House 23 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA A view of the city of Douala, the «Pagode» f The town of Bamenda in the North West region
  21. 21. large urban areas continue to grow in Cameroon, with the natural expansion of urban boundaries and population growth. indeed, just over 50% per cent of the total population of Cameroon lives in cities, that is, about eight million inhabitants. From 1960 to 1987, the population of Cameroon increased from 5,000,000 to 10,500,000 people and that would double in 27 years. This population lives unequally in rural and urban areas with an urbanization rate of 38%. From 1950-1987, the rate of population growth has witnessed a sharp increase, from 1.9% per cent to 2.9% percent. it is anticipa- ted that in five years, that is in 2015 the po- pulation of Cameroon will reach the level of 21 million inhabitants. During the same pe- riod, 60% per cent of Cameroonians will live in towns, when one takes into account the cur- rent rate of urbanization measured at 5 to 6%. Many other cities in Cameroon will then count more then one million inhabitants, be- sides the capitalYaounde and Douala, the eco- nomic metropolis. so, the government has set as target to break with the chaotic develop- ment of urban areas, identify, direct and control the transformation of cities to be ci- ties which are well-built, healthy, providing frameworks conducive for the development of the populations. The national planning policy obeys the effec- tive policy options.These include the organi- zation of national space, from planning schemes to the balanced development of rural areas by promoting productive activities and human settlements to reduce rural exodus. The dynamic transformation of cities in har- mony with the development of industry and transport infrastructure is also part of the go- vernmental options. Adapting to change since 2004, the national policy for urban de- velopment focuses on improving urban mobi- lity, the layout of streets, the social development of neighbourhoods, the imple- mentation of the "Water-reforestation- lighting" plan. The Planning Act enacted in 2004 defines, among others, the rules of urban planning, urbanisation, housing town planning, construction, land development, land use. The implementation of this policy is the res- ponsibility of the following structures: a The Ministry of urban Development and housing; a The National Planning Committee; a The planning unit responsible for the preparation of master plans and urban planning; a Technical Advisory Committee for stu- dies of urban infrastructure in Douala andYaounde; a Cameroon housing Company The so- ciété immobilière du Cameroun (siC); a The Mission d’aménagement et d’équi- pement des terrains urbains et ruraux (MAeTuR); a National loan and housing bank in Ca- meroon, The Crédit foncier du Came- roun (CFC) HARMONY AT THE HEART OF A BALANCED URBAN DEVELOPMENT Since 2004, the national policy for Urban de- velopment fo- cuses on improving urban mobility, the layout of streets, the so- cial develop- ment of neighbou- rhoods, the im- plementation of the "Water-re- forestation- lighting" plan Expo Shangaï24 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA a special Council support Fund, The special Fund for equipment and inter- vention intercommunale (FeiCOM); On the field, the urban planning policy is formulated on the development of infra- structure for priority sectors such as: educa- tion, health, water supply, development of road networks, management of protected areas, sports, collection and processing of household waste, street lighting, and urban beautification by the creation of gardens and public spaces. To reflect the involvement of many actors in urban areas, the government uses the tech- nique of contracting. New approach to urban policy marked by the means and skills to a collective and concerted strategy bet- ween the state and decentralized local go- vernments on issues of common interest. Over the years, the capital Yaounde happily applies the new political development of urban space by the creation of green spaces, construction of buildings, embankments. Public gardens are profoundly changing the landscape of the city. Among the most im- pressive green spaces include the Ahmadou Ahidjo Park, Charles Atangana Park, st. AnastasiaWood, situated at the heart of the town. Low-income houses constructed by the Cameroon Housing Company (SIC)
  22. 22. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 25 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA under the implementation of its new policy of good urban governance and in concertation, consultation with municipalities, on the use of labour-in- tensive the state of Cameroon signed with urban agglomerations conventions called «City Contracts». The "City contracts" has two main compo- nents: the program to improve the manage- ment and investment framework program that deals precisely with the rehabilitation of informal settlements. Through the «City contracts», the Cameroo- nian government implements its policy of rehabilitation of informal settlements it has practiced for decades. The successful model in the domain has being unquestionably been the restructuring of the Nylon district in Douala. in 80s with the support of the World bank. specifically, rehabilitation programs of squat- ter focuses on opening up the development of roads, restructuring, sanitation and public lighting. For the two largest cities that are respectively Douala and Yaounde, the first city contracts cover the period 2000-2011. inYaounde, the capital, the financing of investment program under the city contract amounts to 93 billion CFA francs over five years. Development of the populations The component of rehabilitation of squatter participates effectively in the improvement of living conditions of populations. The pro- gram covers eight areas: the brickyard, Messa- Carrière, Melen, Nkol-Ndongo, Kondegui, Mimboman, essos south Manguiers. The achievements on the field include: a The development of secondary and ter- tiary roadways in settlements to improve their access to public facilities (markets, schools, hospitals ...); a The establishment of drinking water; a The establishment of networks of gar- bage collection a The installation of street lighting; a enhancing safety; a improving accessibility; a improving economic exchanges; a The creation of jobs. Far from being only the construction of in- frastructure, the rehabilitation program of set- tlements also promotes participatory development, empowerment and the valorisa- tion of populations. For as beneficiaries of development plan, residents of these settle- ments are mobilized and involved in their im- plementation, as they contribute to their maintenance and monitoring their proximity. GOVERNMENT’S ASSISTANCE TO THE VULNERABLE IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS Rural exodus which is not specific to Cameroon has led to the population growth of our cities. People in urban cities have seen their numbers multiply by three during the last decade; a situa- tion that has created huge problems.These problems are unem- ployment, juvenile delinquency with the phenomenon of street children, poverty, rising urban crime, etc ... These are all chal- lenges that the New Deal Government, under the leadership of h.e President Paul biya, is trying to solve.. The materialization of this concern is perceptible through the government policy on preventive and social assistance, social pro- tection of the individual and implementation of national soli- darity. There is no doubt that the phenomenon of urbanization finds difficulties in assisting the vulnerable in urban areas. in a context marked by a deliberate policy of President Paul biya to ensure better management of the underprivileged, he signed Decree No. 0004/320 of December 8, 2004, reorganizing the govern- ment, an act which assigned new missions to the Ministry of social Affairs. Also, the urban underprivileged now receive spe- cial attention from the government. The policy of national so- lidarity aims at orphans and vulnerable children (street children), disabled, elderly, marginal populations, and the jobless j From words to actions Far from being a mere declaration of intent by the Cameroonian government, the facts are there to confirm the implementation of this political will. in Cameroon, young people with disabili- ties receive free education at the level of secondary education, following a circular letter signed by the Ministers of secondary education and social Affairs.This measure aims to improve the integration and supervision of this category of school children. it is also integrating in the handicap-approach in the pedagogi- cal practice and school placements for disabled children or di- sabled parents. eventually, the government will work towards alleviating the costs of special education provided in private ins- titutions, gradually acquiring the appropriate infrastructure fa- cilities such as ramps to facilitate movement of disabled inmates. Regarding unemployment, the Cameroonian government has stepped up initiatives to provide its youth with jobs through formal training, training on the job, self-job creation, support the creation of micro-enterprises, intermediary between job seekers and companies, and vocational training. support structures have been created by the government. One can cite for this purpose, the PiAAsi (integrated project to ac- tors in the informal sector) and the National employment Fund (NeF) etc.. seF's mission is to promote employment in the en- tire territory of Cameroon through the following lines: a Dissemination of information on the labor market; a integration into the production process of Cameroon's youth seeking their first job; a The reintegration of retrenched workers of the public sec- tor enterprises, quasi-public or private economic reasons. The fields of intervention of the Cameroon government in the leadership of vulnerable populations in urban areas are vast. it would be difficult to enumerate. Nevertheless, the policy of re- newal in national solidarity are hardly of the chimera. The ac- tions are there to confirm, and this, for the welfare of the vulnerable in urban areas. BETTER HUMANE HABITATION Construction of a road in the heart of a squatter
  23. 23. HOUSING An Audacious Government Policy The fight against illegal settlements aims at restoring the good image of Cameroon’s urban landscape. Expo Shangaï26 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA One of the permanent features of African cities is the ubiquity of slums. From Cape town to Cairo, Dakar to Dar-es-salam, the urban land- scape is marked by the existence of illegal settlements where, instead of agglomerated block walls, there are waste metal sheets and pieces of plywood in the places of walls. Cameroonian cities are not an exception to this rule. in Douala, the economic metro- polis, as in Garoua, a well planned city, there is the existence of slums which deter the urban décor of these cities. The sur- prise comes from the so called chic quarters (bastos in Yaoundé, bonanjo in Douala or Angalé in ebolowa), with a quite striking contrast where villas built in American ar- chitectural types are found near huts sup- ported by pegs. even before the accession of the country to international sovereignty on 1st January, 1960 (with regard to east Cameroon), the anxiety to provide convenient accommoda- tion for a greater number of city dwellers was already noticeable. On 18th July 1952, the “the Cameroon housing Company” (sic) was created with the mission to pro- mote housing in general and low cost hou- sing in particular. its initial mission was to construct garden cities. A real impetus was initiated in the sector in the late 1970s and during the first half of the 1980s with the restructuring of sic, the creation of “Credit Foncier du Came- roun” (CFC), to fund housing operations, and the creation of the “Mission d’Amé- nagement et d’equipement des Terrains urbains et Ruraux”, (MAeTuR) in 1977. The siC-CFC-MAeTuR trio was so- mewhat satisfactorily run until the mid- 1980s with the realization of many real estate projects. it is then that the construc- tion of the housing estate of biyem-Assi, CitéVerte (Pilot and triennial projects) and Mendong in Yaoundé, Makepé and bona- moussadi in Douala were carried out. smaller towns were not left out.This is the case with ebolowa in the south, bertoua in the east, Garoua and Maroua in the North and Far North Regions respectively. The sector witnessed a severe jolt due to the eco- nomic crisis. The non completion of the construction of the Mendong housing es- tate, the non conformity with architectural norms of sold lodgings are some inadequa- cies that resulted from the economic crisis. Public investments relating to housing wit- nessed a remarkable slow down owing to the scarcity of state funds. limited in their functioning, public actors of the housing sector who had to provide for their needs resorted to self-financing. Res- tricted to fund its activities on equity capital, Maetur resorted to market at low cost price the developed lots acquired outside the state. inYaoundé, the Ntougou Golf and Nkomo- Okoui housing estates are good examples. The “société immobilière du Cameroun” (siC) is on her part involved in renovating the already built housing estates. This is the case of biyem-Assi and bonamoussadi. Thanks to a loan obtained from the “societé pour l’habitat et le logementTerritorial en A real impetus was initiated in the sector in the late 1970s and dur ing the first half of the 1980s with the restructuring of Sic
  24. 24. g Afrique” (shelter – Afrique), siC, embarked on the building of the Mfandena residence made up of 160 standing lodgings.The inte- rest generated by the loan has not rendered things easy to invest in the low cost housing sector. state’s action in regulating the socio-economic sector has not been limited only to investment. The regulation of the sector has so much be- come a top government priority.The purpose is to associate the private sector in the promo- tion of housing. it is in this light that “Credit Foncier”, for example, embarked on the gran- ting of loans to those willing to acquire land. The legislation regulating housing was revie- wed, enriched and updated so as to attract pri- vate national and foreign operators. The following laws and regulations were enacted to this effect: a law N0 2004 / 003 of 21st April 2004, to regulate urbanising in Cameroon ; a law N° 97 / 003 of 10th January 1997 to promote real estate ; a law N° 2001 / 020 of 18th December 2001 to organise the real estate agent profession ; a law N° 81 / 03 of 7th July 1984 to set the status of joint owner of built real estate ; a law N° 2009 / 009 of 10th July 2009 to sell real estate to be built; a law N° 2009 / 010 of 10th July 2009 to regulate the renting and home-buying of real estate property. This process led to the emergence of many private actors in the sector, notably, la “société immobilière de l’Afamba” (socia), or of so- prin partnering with Tunisians operators in Yaoundé. As of 31st March 1010, 13 agents and 23 real estate promoters are recorded in the Ministry of urban Development and housing.The new government housing policy is centred on seven main focal points : 1)- The refocusing of state roles in regula- ting, facilitating, supervising and mostly boosting the private sector; 2)-The setting of a framework for a public- private partnership; 3)- The promotion of an urban develop- ment policy based on the unconditional planning and prevention of the anarchic occupation of space; 4)- The appropriateness of supply and de- mand in order to increase the regular production of housing by absorbing new demands that progressively contribute to resolve the existing deficit; 5)-The unconditional fight against unsani- tary housing; 6)- The promotion of rural housing. The goal is to promote the settlement of po- pulations and to limit rural exodus. 7)-The permanent search for funds through bilateral or multilateral means. Foreign funding does not exclude the support from national resources whose growth is imperatively necessary. The state incentives to invest in the housing sector has to also consider a certain number of elements such as VRD (road, rail and wa- terways and diverse networks: electricity, tele- phone, water), the provision of land or long term loans. A decree signed by the Prime Mi- nister, head of Government on 28th July, 2008 laid down terms to implement the tax regime that mostly concerns the structuring projects of the GeneralTaxation Code. in concrete terms, the Government has put in place a pro- ject to built 10 000 low cost housings and to develop 50 000 building lands by 2013 intended to reduce the signi- ficant housing deficit in Cameroon. On 23rd December 2009, the Prime Minister, head of Government, h.e. Philemon Yang, laid the foundation stone to launch the initial phase of the project to construct 1 200 low cost houses at Olembe (Yaoundé). in the same vein, a ceremony was organized on 9th February, 2010 at Mbango – bakoko (Douala) under the auspices of Mr. ClobertTChATAT, Minister of urban Development and housing to lay the foundation stone to build 1 000 housings within the framework of the pilot phase of the 10 000 housings project. China is much interested by this project. it is in this light that a protocol agreement was signed on 18th April, 2008 between the Republic of Cameroon and the “societé Na- tionale de Coopération internationale economique et Technique” of shenyang for the construction of 1 500 low cost housings in Yaoundé, Douala, limbe, bamenda, bafoussam and sangmelima. 10 000 housings and 50 000 building lands by 2013 Expo ShangaïCameroon House 27 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA The Prime Minister, Philemon YANG, lays the foundation stone for the construction of low-income houses in Olembe - Yaounde, december 2009 i
  25. 25. “There is much rain in the city of Yaounde, but there is equally much thirst”. This statement was made by the Regional Director of uNOh-hAbiTAT for Africa and Arab Countries, Alioune badiane on the seriousness of the drainage problem in Cameroon and the challenges of the supply of portable water. in relation to this, the Ca- meroon government has put in place a natio- nal strategy for appropriate drainage, outlined in the strategic Document for Growth and employment (sDGe).The appropriate stabi- lisation involves the supply of portable water, the drainage of rain water, and the evacuation of solid and liquid waste materials. This go- vernment strategy centres on three axes: the cleaning-up of the urban sector seen from the angle of waste water drainage as well as the collection and treatment of solid waste; the cleaning-up of rural sector centred on the improvement of the living conditions of the rural populations, and the cleaning-up of hospital and school environment with as re- sult, the systematic integration of the portable water supply aspect and the equipping with latrines. in relation to the treatment of waste water, Cameroon, for a couple of years, has under- taken a complete rehabilitation of water tanks in the cities of Yaounde and Douala. Two other major projects are underway as concerns rain water.There are theYaounde stabilisation Project (YsP), which started in 2007, finan- ced by the African development bank and the Government of Cameroon. The project is to dredge the bed of the Mfoundi and its two tributaries, and the construction of a 5 kilo- metre trapezoid canal.The work is carried out by a Chinese company “China international Water and electric-Corporation”.The objec- tive of the project is to facilitate the flow of rain water and to reduce flooding in urban area and also contribute to the beautification of the capital city and the health of residents in Mfoundi. Works to support are provided along the channel consisting of the construction of par- king lots, public parks, networks of pre-col- lection. The other major project underway is the Draft urban sector Development and Water supply (PDue). A project involving the cities of Yaounde, Douala, bamenda, Mbalmayo and Maroua. scheduled for five years, amoun- ting to nearly CFA 40 billion francs for finan- cing from the World bank, this project is already in some slums of these cities to benefit from new infrastructure and basic urban ser- vices, especially supply of water.These include the construction of new primary, secondary and tertiary drains in some areas like New bell. At Mbalmayo near Yaounde, develop- ment work of drains and the cleaning and res- haping of the river Mvolyé have been initiated. in Maroua in the Far North, another city facing the problem of floods, a construction program of scuppers for the ir- rigation of rainwater is also underway. All these projects will also improve the health of populations by removing as much as possible waterborne diseases and malaria. As for the strategy for collecting and proces- sing solid and liquid wastes, several actions are undertaken to cope with a steady increase of garbage whose volume is currently estimated at 1700 tons / day in the cities of Yaounde and Douala and 6,000 tonnes over the whole country.The government, has developed a strategy for city beautification, is acting on two levers: the development of public-private partnership with local neigh- bourhood associations and NGOs, and the other with the material actors which are national companies collection and treatment of garbage. The Government also supports associations of neighbourhoods.Thus under the sanitation Project of Yaounde, nearly a hundred leaders of community development associations and basic framework of county boroughs, were trained in 2009 in the technical pre- garbage collection and organi- zed production of compost. A fertilizer made from degradable organic portion of garbage and used to strengthen soil structure in peri-urban farms. Garbage not composted finish their race in landfills for this purpose. This is the case in Dschang in west region of Cameroon, where a municipal landfill, Class 2 in europe was built in 2008 on the site sinteug in the project urba.Cam. similarly, the partnership between the state and the health and safety Company of Ca- meroon (hysacam) is increasingly being pro- moted through a platform of understanding based on a system of contracts between the company and the Regional and local Autho- rities. Apart from Yaounde and Douala, the Company health and safety of Cameroon collects refuse in Garoua, Ngaoundere, Ma- roua, Kribi, bangu, bafoussam bangangté, limbe and edea. even if the preoccupations related to water supply do not constitute the only aspect of the drainage in the urban area, the management of water remains a major aspect of drai- nage in Cameroon. Works to sup- port are provi- ded a long the channel consis- ting of the construction of parking lots, public parks, networks of pre-collection . Expo Shangaï28 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Construction works on the Mfoundi river by China International Water and Electric-Corporation Stabilisation DRAINAGE: The urgent need for water
  26. 26. c Potable water supply constitutes a great challenge for the Government. until recently, one of the linchpins of the government action was the National Water Company of Came- roon (sNeC). Restructured in 2004, it was split into two independent structures: the Ca- merounaise des eaux, responsible for distribu- ting water and the Cameroon Water utilities Corporation (Camwater), a company asset. Camwater has just built at Yatto, twenty ki- lometers from Douala, a water treatment plant with a capacity of 50,000 m3/day and 180,000 m3/day through the holes drilled in the Town of Douala near Massoumbou. Other projects are in sight.These include the construction of a plant with a capacity of 50,000 m3/day on the Mefou to increase the production to 150,000 m3/day of water near Yaounde. Other projects are expected in bertoua, edea, Ngaoundere, or bangangté Kousseri. Fifty other cities will equally benefit from rehabilitation, strengthening and exten- sion drinking water supply systems. Camwa- ter intends to increase the rate of the national coverage from the currently 35% to over 60% in 2015. To achieve this goal, more than 200 billion CFA francs have already been mobili- zed as equity of the company as well as by in- ternational donors through among others the Draft urban sector Development and Water supply (Pdue). under the Pdue, a program to build 70,000 social connections and approxi- mately 1200 fire hydrants is underway since 2009. Real efforts are being made by governments to solve the problem of managing solid and liquid waste under the resolutions of the 2nd African Conference on sanitation and hy- giene (Africasan 5) held from 16 to February 28 in Durban, south Africa, and recommen- ded to make sanitation a priority policy. in 2007, the budget allocated to the health sector in the budget represented 4.7% of the GDP to the tune of over CFA 105 billions. health costs represent between 4.1 and 4.6% of the GDP. information from the Ministry of Public health states that the average health cost per inhabitant stands at 33euro per year. since 2005, in Cameroon, the World bank has been intervening in the fight against the three major pandemics, notably, Aids, tuberculosis and malaria. The extended Vaccination Programme (eVP) was set up within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in order to attain vaccination coverage of at least 80% by 2013. On the organizational plan, the Cameroon health system is made up of reference hospitals inYaoundé and Douala and eight regional hospitals. This health system is rationally represented with basic health centres, district hospitals, central and general hospitals.The private sector is mainly made up of profit making clinics or non profit making, charity or confessional health institutions. On the whole, Cameroon is sub-divided into 174 district health centres, made up of 239 district hospitals (150 from the public sector and 89 from the private sector). Moreover, 2129 integrated health centres in charge to provide basic medical care, basic sanitary education and health care to pregnant women and to children are added to enrich the health network. With regards to the health of the mother and child, the Chinese cooperation is very active at this level with the construction of the Yaoundé Gyneaco- obstetrics and paediatric hospital and the ongoing construction of a similar hospital in Douala. in addition, the Chinese medical equipments specialized in ophthalmology are very present in the Guider hospitals in the North and in Mbalmayo in the Centre region. in the profit making private sector, there are 63 clinics on the entire territory with a total reception capacity of 2152. Meanwhile, it should be noted that much still has to be done to improve health coverage on the entire national territory. Certain regions as the North and the Far North only have 17% coverage in terms of health centres. in 2005, the medical workforce in the public sector stood at 9750 permanent staff and 4500 contract agents. The private medical workforce represents about 40% of the public workforce. 2966 medical doctors are practicing in Cameroon (both public and private) the ratio being one medical doctor per 5673 inhabitants, whereas theWhO prescribed ratio is 1/ 10.000. There are about 8492 nurses, the ratio being one nurse per 1981 inhabitants, whereas theWhO prescribed ratio is 1/ 5000. Generally, the medical coverage is done through health insurance services. Most of the companies of the formal sector provide private insurance proposals to their salary workers which are negotiated and contracted on individual basis. To conclude, it is noteworthy to highlight that the global pharmaceutical products market in Cameroon is situated between CFA 80 and 100 billions, which means that more than half is done in the informal sector. France is the first supplier of this market (70 %°) followed by india (17%). HEALTHCARE IN CAMEROON: a major priority Expo ShangaïCameroon House 29 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA t
  27. 27. Within the framework of the 2008 financial year, a cumulated deposit of 245, 6 billion FCFA had been allocated to the Ministry of Public Works for investments on road infrastructure in Cameroon. The major projects underway include the construction, the renovation and the maintenance of road networks. With regards to the 2010 financial year, priority is given to the maintenance, extension and protection of the road network. The road network which is more than 50,000km with about 5000 km of tarred road is generally in a bad state. Meanwhile, major projects were launched while others have been completed, notably; the renovation of the Garoua-Figuil road, the Muea-Kumba major highway, the strengthening of the Ngaoundere-Garoua and the loum bridge on the Nkam, the tarring of the ebolowa- Ambam-Kyeossi, the bamenda-Wum road, the Melong–Dschang road, the Yaounde– soa road or Ngaoundere-Touboro (Came- roon) – Moundou (Chad) Major roads. Other projects are underway, notably, the construction of theYaounde – Olama road, the tarring of the Kumba-bachuo Akagbe section under the bamenda-Mamfe-ekok ring road project, the Obala-Nkolessong via batchenga and the Mva’a – Konabeng roads. With regard to the development of the road infrastructure in the urban area, work in the city of Yaounde include the construction of a motorway at theYaounde Nord in-let, the tarred canal on the downstream part of the Mfoundi river, the construction of a roun- dabout at the Mfoundi Divisional office, the extension works on the Olézoa-Mess des Of- ficiers roundabout section executed by the China Road and bridge Corporation and the construction of the Multipurpose sports Complex. illustrative works in the city of Douala in- clude the launching of the second phase of the extension works at the east andWest en- trances into the city, the completion of re- novation works at the independence square and the opening up of the port zone, the re- pairing of the bP Cité- Ndokotti and the leclerc square – Deux églises roundabout sections and the renovation of the former bonaberi road. Moreover, the China Road and bridge Corporation has realised many works in the city such as the Gallieni road, the PK10-PK14, Ndokotti Nyalla or the CCC roundabout-shell village junction sections on the Douala – Yaoundé high- way. With regards to other towns, there is the construction of the bamenda ring road and the renovation of the major roads in bafoussam and Nkongsamba. since 2000, some 1200km of new roads have been tar- red.The objective of government authori- ties is to tar 10 000km of the national road network by 2015. however, the heavy works sector has not been neglected as many works have been realised.This is the case, among others, of the construction of the Makabaye bridge (2002 – 2004), the construction of the Ngoazik bridge (2003- 2005), the reno- vation of theWouri bridge, the renovation of bridges on the sanaga at ebebda and the Noun at Foumbot, or the construction of bridges on the Mungo and on the Nkam river atYabassi. Road Infrastructures Numerous and Diverse Investments Expo Shangaï30 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Construction works on the Yaounde road
  28. 28. Expo Sh angaïCameroon House 31 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Construction works on the Yaounde road
  29. 29. his excerpt from the speech of the head of state to the Nation, Decem- ber 31, 2005, reflects adequately the immense wealth of the soil and subsoil of Ca- meroon, and the political will and government commitment to highlight the rich mineral po- tential with the support of foreign partners. Going back in history, 2001 marks the tur- ning point of the same exploration and mi- ning in our country.The new mining code has increased the interest of investors for Came- roon. More than 80 licenses, with very little use, have been granted to various national and international operators in the sector.Work on the ground since colonial times until today re- veal the existence of thirty kinds of minerals. invaluable to searched. seen in this light, Cameroon is promoted to a bright future with great world-class mineral deposits, including bauxite Minim Martap, Ngaoundal, Tongo Fongo and Fokamme- zoung Fokou, nickel, cobalt and manganese lomié, the diamond and Mobilong limo- koali or the iron ore at Mballam, as well as the breasts of Kribi. A non-exhaustive list of added reserves importances useful substances such as limestone, sand, syenite, pozzolan, clay ... The government is, thus, through the non- oil sector, a valuable tool for development and the fight against poverty. To these positive outlook that suggests a real spring mining is grafted as a cherry on the cake, several other key benefits: a location on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea has become a strategic issue, a country of contrasts, diversity and above stable over the last thirty years, human potential and logistics, especially its openness to the sea which naturally streng- thens the role of locomotive for the economy of the Central African subregion, with the added possibility of opening more to the huge market offered by the neighboring Nigeria. This potential is also its position as the second pool of hydropower in the region, a significant advantage in the process of indus- trialization and economic development. The industry, an important argument in the constant effort to streamline its indus- trial takeoff, the Cameroonian government also wants to develop the industrial sector through three main divisions: agribusiness with food product processing including the establishment of the Program of economic Conversion plantain sector (PRebAP) the revitalization of farming sectors called cash crops (cocoa, coffee, cotton ...), the timber industry through the professionalization of its transformation. This latter pole may ex- pand with the recent establishment of edea Technopole services Corporation, which is a unit of production semi-finished wood- based, with the added bonus of creating an iTu's timber industry. These three poles are associated with indus- trial structural projects like Yard oil limbe, recovery and processing of scrap, primary processing of minerals, chemicals and petro- chemicals (including fertilizer and cement) and capacity expansion of aluminum production. The set is accompanied by ambitious infrastructure projects as ports, railways, highways and especially a strong desire to increase its potential energy, with plans to build dams in the making: lom Pan- gar Menvele, Nachtigal, Colomina the Kribi gas project, among others. This shows how the industrial sector in Cameroon is highly committed to a restructuring process with its partners, especially when the ePA is finali- zing with the european union. ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF UPGRADING Our mineral resources, our geographical position are assets to develop an ambitious industrial policy in the fields of aluminum, chemicals and shipbuilding. We have the means with Alucam sonara and the limbe shipyard. The projects under discussion or being implemented allow for some optimism. And this could only be a beginning, if we think of the possibilities of exploitation of our deposits of bauxite, iron, limestone, Gas or Cobalt. Installation of the Cameroon brewery Expo Shangaï32 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA A partiel view of the Douala seaport
  30. 30. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 33 Nuts for the production of palm oil The Edea-based aluminium factory
  31. 31. Expo Shangaï34 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA POWER SUPPLY: TOWARDS AN END OF INCONVINIENCES Ranked by experts as the second sub-saharan African coun- try after the Democratic Republic of Congo with a gigantic power supply, Cameroon has paradoxically witnessed power supply deficit problems in recent years.This situation would soon be under control when we take into consideration the numerous projects underway.
  32. 32. ENERGY POWER SUPPLY PROJECTS The Lom Pangar Project Project title : Construction of a hydroelectric dam with a reservoir capacity of 7 billion m3 at lom Pangar. Overall objective : : increase energy supply so as to satisfy electricity at low cost to the population, increase competiveness in enterprises to support the economic development of the country. Operational objective : Augment the regulation capacity of River sa- naga. (its operational objective is to regulate the flow of sanaga to 1040 m3/sec and to increase the producible energy of existing ther- mal plants or those to be constructed. The lom Pangar project is located in the lom and Djerem Division of the east Région on the sanaga River at the lom and Pangar tri- butary. The project is evaluated at between CFA 90 and 100 billions francs. Financing of the project is sustained by the state of Cameroon, the French Development Agency (AFD), the Development bank of Cen- tral African states (bDeAC), the African Development bank, bADeA, the Koweiti Fund, biD, bei, and the saudi Fund. The Memve’élé Project The building of a hydroelectric dam on the Ntem River at Memve’élé falls. The dam will supply 201 MW between 18 and 22 hours, the- reby avoiding the putting into service of thermal plants currently put in use (180 billion FCFA). it goes operational in 2013 and the cost of construction is estimated at 142.3 billion FCFA. The Kribi Gas Plant Project The short term construction of a gas plant in Kribi with a power sup- ply of 150 MW with a transportation line of 225 KV was a necessity vital for the resorption of the huge energy deficit experienced in 2008. having witnessed some delay, Aes sONel urgently built under 12 months an oil fired power plant atYassa Dibamba costing 52 billion with an energy evacuation post and high tension line to carry energy on the south interconnected network. The project of KPDC has constituted the first phase of the Kribi Gas Plant. The Nachtigal hydroelectric dam The hydroelectric dam of 230-250 MW at Nachtigal near Ntui is a project whose putting into service is envisaged for 2012. The total cost of the project including transportation lines for evacuation is evaluated at FCFA 250 billion. is financing is envisaged by AluCAM in partnership with the state of Cameroon. it will contribute in in- creasing the production of aluminium by Alucam. The Dimbamba oil-fired power station inaugurated in January 2010 atYassa in the outskirts of Douala, the plant constitutes the first phase of the Kribi Gas Plant.The generators will later be converted to use natural gas, then integrated into the as- sets of the Kribi Gas Project. Other hydroelectric Power Projects The construction of a hydroelectric power stations at song Mbengue (900)MW) song Dong (280MW), Kikot (450 MW) on the sanaga River, and the Njock on the Nyong River aim at positioning Came- roon as a potential supplier of energy in the future regional inter- connection of inga-lagos. The hydroelectric plant construction at Warak on the Bini River The building of 75 MW hydroelectric power plant atWarak on River bini. its putting into service is slated for 2011.Cost of project inclu- ding transportation lines is evaluated at FCFA 85 billion. Apart from complementing energy is the north interconnection lines, this plant will equally serve as a source in the project for the inter- connection of Cameroon-Chad. Cameroon and Chad recently signed a framework accord for the supply of electricity. The Colomines Mini Plant The dam of Gbazounbé (12MW) on the Kadey is a solution to the energy problems of the east region (2, 25 billion francs).The project wil also enanble the transborder energy needs of the Republic of Cen- tral Africa. The Chollet dam (400 to 500 MW) over the Dja on the Cameroon- Congo border, proposed by Congo within the framework of the Cen- tral Africa energy Pool (PeAC) will be a good example of regional integration. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 35 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA it has been long that the President of the Republic, h.e Paul biya personally addressed the issue relating to the “chronic power supply deficit” faced by Cameroon. A few statistics can attest this fact. in 2008, only 46% of Cameroonians had access to electricity. Meanwhile, according to certain estimates, the power deficit accounts for almost 2% loss earnings in terms of the GDP.Yet, studies carried out since 2001 revealed that demands in power supply by large scale industries in Cameroon have experienced an 8% annual average growth rate. The deterioration in the quality of power supply and the limited results of the company in charge of the production, transportation and distribution of power supply in a purely economic recession context compelled Cameroonian authorities to liberalise the power sector in 1998. An agreement was signed between the government of Cameroon and the Applied energy system Corporation (Aes-Corps) which gave birth to a new company - Aes-sONel - in charge of the production, transportation and distribution of electricity in Cameroon. Cameroon has equally seen the putting in place of other structures each with a specific mission.This is the case with the electricity sector Regulatory Agency (ARsel), the Rural electricity Agency (AeR) and the electricity Development Corporation (eDC) whose main mission is to promote investment and to stabilize power supply. Presently, the maximum production capacity stands at 974 megawatts. This capacity is insufficient if we envisage a 3000 megawatts capacity by 2010. This justifies the short term construction projects including the lom Pangar dam, the Yassa power station (al- ready operational) and the Kribi gas station which foundation stone was recently laid. Medium term projects include the construction of the Memvé ele dam, the Nachtigal, song Mbengue,Warak, Colomines and Ndockayo power stations. With the sum of 44 billions 614 millions FCFA allocated in the 2010 financial year budget and thanks to the support from donors, the Ministry of Water and energy Resources is resolutely ready to address the current electricity deficit in Cameroon. The installation of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline
  33. 33. From North to south, east to West, Mother Nature has grossly blessed Cameroon endowing her with natural and subsoil resources. And as aptly described by geologists, her rich and diversified unexploited minerals enable her to be described as a hen lying on golden eggs. Available statistics point to the fact that the country abounds in subsoil resources. For instance, she is reportedly one 0f the world’s leading cobalt deposits. Cobalt and nickel are found in Nkamouna, in lornie east Region. exploitation however seems to have been retarded following weak commodity, capital and credit markets. Reports from the exploitation company, Geovic Cameroon PlC, say over six tons of physically up graded concentrates obtained from 38 tons of ore from Nkamouna had been shipped to the united states of America. Also, there exist 750 million tons of bauxite deposits in Ngaoundal and Minim-Martap, as well as 736 million carats of diamond deposits in the south-eastern Mobilong region. At Moungmamel, a locality situated some 60 kilometres from Kribi towards Campo, rich iron ore deposits are being exploited by a Chinese Firm, siNOsTeel under its programme, “China NCeii iron Ore exploration Management Project”. late last year, the company’s President General Manager, TiANWeN huANG visited the project site to appraise work on the ground. iron ore deposits are equally found in Mbalam and the project of exploitation codenamed “Mbalan iron ore project” manned by the Cameroon iron Company (Cam iron sA) is on hand. According to well informed sources of the company, feasibility studies for the project are ready and the environmental and social assessment studies carried out present the Management’s strategies that will enhance social, environmental and economic windfalls for all stakeholders while negotiating potential impacts associated with mining, transport and port activities. Cameroon is immensely blessed in natural resources! To the Minister of industries, Mines and Technological Development, badel Ndanga Ndinga, Cameroon is blessed with both solid, gas and liquid minerals. As of December 2009, Minister Ndinga upholds that government bas issued 87 licences to companies operating in the domain of solid minerals like coba1t diamond, uranium, etc. so far, only 40 per cent of the national territory is explored and efforts are underway to carryout an inventory of the remaining 60 per cent. in the hydrocarbons sector, Cameroon has huge reserves in the gas and petroleum sectors. Although a drop in exploitation has been witnessed of late, government is encouraging research in these sectors to enable new discoveries along the coastlines of the country so as to boost production. like a virgin, she is open to investors who will want to win her love. Cameroon’s mining potentials: A Hen on “golden eggs” Iron ore deposits are equally found in Mbalam and the project of exploitation co- denamed “Mba- lan iron ore project” manned by the Cameroon Iron Company (Cam Iron SA) is on hand. Expo Shangaï36 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Cameroon’s sub-soil is rich in minerals
  34. 34. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 37
  35. 35. To enable the private sector to play its full role, the state of Cameroon has adopted a policy of privatization of public enterprises. it has withdrawn market sectors and will leave the full managerial dis- cretion to the private sector. Thus, several companies were privatized. some are still waiting for buyers, according to the various chosen modes of privatisation . To support this policy of free enterprise, en- trusted to facilitate, assist and supervise the private investment in Cameroon have been established.These include: the National Of- fice for industrial Free Zones (ONZFi), the industrial Zones Development and Manage- ment Authority (MAGZi), National in- vestment Company (sNi), the Chamber of Commerce, industry, Mines and Crafts (CCiMA), etc. The government undertook the simplifica- tion of procedures and a policy based on in- centives and facilitations (the establishment of an attractive and competitive code of in- vestment).These have allowed Cameroon to attract more investors.This policy is suppor- ted by an ambitious set of actions. At every level there are structures for ongoing consul- tation between investors and the state (CieP ...) favourable tax provisions are also provided to encourage investors. it refers mainly to the general application and not all discrimina- tory customs procedures incentives: the cus- toms promotion of mining activities (the Petroleum Code, the Gas Code, the Mining A FERTILE GROUND FOR INVESTORS in order to sustain a double digit growth and boost the country's development, a set of incentives for investment has been established by the Government. These have allo- wed Cameroon to attract more investors. This policy is suppor- ted by an ambi- tious set of actions. At every level there are structures for ongoing consul- tation between investors and the State (CIEP ...) favourable tax provisions are also provi- ded to encou- rage investors. Expo Shangaï38 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Cocoa bean
  36. 36. Code) and the investment charter. Another advantage, and not the least, Cameroon has vast untapped resources, a labor-intensive, dynamic and well educated, etc.. A governance problem however, liberalism is committed where the Cameroon gives all its importance and its chances for private initiative, despite the ups and downs of the economic crisis of the 80s and, more recently, the internatio- nal financial crisis. Prospects for investment are good and the government is firmly committed to operationalizing the strategic national industrial area. The state inter- venes in her triple role of strategist, facili- tator and regulator of economic space. it is for this reason that Cameroon has inves- ted in infrastructure (highways, telecom- munications, ports, airports, dams ...), all this in order to promote a national policy of industrial integration. Meanwhile, Yaounde is also developing a constructive and regular dialogue with the private sector. Private operators are involved in the drafting of texts related to taxes and standards. in the same vein , the govern- ment has established a One-stop of exter- nal Trade Operation (GuCe), with the possibility of "creating a company in a few hours." Other measures, such as AsY- CuDA, are also taken to simplify and speed up procedures. These initiatives, to- gether with the fight against corruption, contribute to the improvement of gover- nance. All these facts can say without flin- ching that Cameroon is a country in which to invest. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 39 EXPO SHANGAI CHINA Aluminium production to the Edea-based aluminium factory Chaîne d’embouteillage d’eau minérale i
  37. 37. tAReAs OF COMPeTeNCe because of its many missions, the National investment Corporation is a key player in the Cameroonian economic environment as indicated below. sNi: Public owned company with the state as sole sharehol- ders. Although this is a company with state Owned capital, which helps to implement the economic, industrial and social strategies and policies of the Cameroonian govern- ment, it functions along the lines of a limited liability company. sNi: Venture Capital Corporation it is a venture capital company that acquires equity in new or already existing companies that have good commercial and financial prospects. THE NATIONAL INVESTMENT CORPORATION: AT THE SERVICE OF POTENTIAL INVESTORS Created on the heels of independence in 1964, the National investment Corporation (sNi) is a state- owned institution, with government as the lone sha- reholder. its primary objective is to actively promote productive investment with high growth potential and profitability in all economic sectors both at national and international level. sNi specialises in venture ca- pital and provides strategic counselling to the state and assists private investors in designing productive investment. Expo Shangaï40 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA The building housing the National Investment Fund – Yaounde
  38. 38. sNi: Promoter of Productive Projects initiates projects, carries out studies, sets them up in joint ventures with previously identified techni- cal, financial or commercial partners, whether na- tional or international. sNi: Financing body Provides support to projects that are economically and financially viable through granting loans and, or advances to shareholders’ current account. sNi: support to the private sector it is a facilitator that receives and accompanies in- vestors as well as technical and financial partners who so request in the implementation of their pro- jects, and much more. With a multidisciplinary management staff made up of economists, financial analysts, accountants, business law experts, engineers etc, the National investment Corporation has over the years built up a network of partners made up mostly of big in- ternational firms to help it carry out its missions. DReAM OF iNDusTRiAl sCAle FAR- MiNG AND iNWANT OF ARAble lAND ? There is great investment opportunity in Came- roon with the National investment Corporation providing an ideal solution to your head-ache. 6.000 hectares of arable land developed and ready for use at Ntui, some 100 km from Yaounde, ca- pital of Cameroon and batschenga 60 km from Yaounde, both pieces of land are good for large scale farming, stockbreeding etc. Expo ShangaïCameroon House 41 Cocoa pot
  39. 39. it was exactly 8:15a.m on Thursday 25th March 2010, and already the numerous newspapers sale points inYaoundé, the ca- pital city of Cameroon, had been supplied with newspapers by Messapresse, the national distributor. in front of the kiosk installed near the CityTown hall, one could see a crowd of people that thronged to peruse over the headlines of newspapers. saliou, a desolate newspaper kiosk owner, could be heard exclaiming: “some of these people are just here to read the headlines of newspaper for lack of money to acquire one” Most of headlines today centre on current issues: with the official visit of Mr. Jia Qinglin to Cameroon, an astonished reader was heard exclaiming: “What makes Chinese to be in such a good shape”? Comments are made on the age of the Chinese quest. An exclamation from the crowd; he is 70 years old, but his sweet face looks 10 years younger.This is seen on the front page pictures of the “Dikalo” weekly newspaper, or the private daily “le Jour” or better still of the national bilingual daily “CameroonTribune” where Jia Qinglin, Chairman of the China senate and Paul biya, President of the Republic of Cameroon are warmly shaking hands. Customers are embarrassed on what to choose in the midst of a well-off and diversified newspapers, radio and television sectors. beside the national media structures, there is also the strong presence of solid foreign channels in Cameroon (RFi, bbC). With this foreign competitiveness, locally based channels have much to do in order to meet up with the challenges. The media sector in Cameroon was revamped 20 years ago with the emergence of pluralism. This was thanks to law N° 90/052 of 19 December 1990, on the freedom of social communication. This law clearly states that, press freedom is guaranteed by the Constitution. The implementation decree n° 2000/158 of 3rd April 2000, to set the conditions and modalities for the creation and exploitation of private audiovisual Communication enterprises was set up to implement the 1990 law. The two main private national television channels (Canal 2 international and spectrum TV) have been able to conform to the law by obtaining their licenses in 2007, as well as the private commercial radio, sWeeT FM and cable-distribution company,TV+. it should be noted that, in the audiovisuel sec- tor, the NationalTelevision CRTV which ce- lebrated it 25 years of existence this year, now shares the audiovisuel media landscape with other private televisions stations.Talking to Cameroon tribune,Thierry Ngongang, direc- tor of the news and sports department of sTV (spectrum Television) declared that “Cameroon has one of the most dynamic au- diovisual landscapes in Africa”.The multipli- city of radio channels is done a sustained rhythm. Cameroon today counts at over 500 newspaper titles, among which are five dailies, a hundred of radio channels and a dozen of televisions operating mostly under the regime MEDIA: OPTIMUM MEDIA OFFER IN CAMEROON The liberalization of the social communication sector paved the way for the outburst of the media landscape which his today sufferering from its prospects and predicaments. beside the natio- nal media struc- tures, there is also the strong presence of solid foreign channels in Cameroon (RFi, bbC) Expo Shangaï42 Cameroon House EXPO SHANGAI CHINA of administrative tolerance. With the advent of the internet about 15 years ago, the cybernetic press has also witnessed a certain expansion and today over 20 online news agencies can be counted in Cameroon. Information deficit Meanwhile in Cameroon, there are five trade unions of media practitioners and over 30 media organizations for the defence of press freedom. The collective convention for Cameroonian journalists was incepted on 12th November 2008. The practising conditions of the profes- sion of journalism in Cameroon (salary scale, social security, etc) would help to provide a better quality, useful and constructive press for citizens and the society. in fact, the media rating has generally witnessed a downward trend in Cameroon for some years now.Top newspapers that had a printing capacity of 12.000 copies per edition around the early 90s have today seen their printing capacity reduced to 4000 copies. What is the cause of this problem? “in reading certain daily newspapers, one is largely tempted to throw doubt on the moral background of those involved.The entire society is a victim, as it is difficult for her to differentiate between the good and bad seed from a polymorph press” as analysed by emmanuel Mbédé, journalist, PhD in The Head Office of the Cameroon Radio television station in Yaounde