Literature searching for Health Promotion 2013


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  • Keyword task – 1 minute!What did they think the aim was? - Importance of thinking around your topic to find enough good results
  • Why is research important in health care? EBP = use of research evidence in practice.Guidelines, policies etc based on research evidence.
  • Depends on your question! Primary or secondary research?Pyramid reflects quality AND quantity“gold standard” at top – stronger level of evidenceFor EBP, higher levels are preferred. NB these may not be available for all topics – may have to draw on lower levelsUse the highest level research design available for your topic
  • High quality, peer-reviewed research in journal articlesPolicies and government documentsProjects, reports, websites
  • Search using databases, NHS Ev etc – Libguide!SRs strict design, comprehensive summary of available evidence on a given topic.Also excellent examples of lit search methodology.RCTsOther exp studies aren’t randomised – Cohorts similar (exposure vs non-exposure but no control over who has what) – prospective or retrospectiveCase control studies – observational and retrospective – looking back to see if patients with outcomes had exposure
  • Key concepts.Physical activity / exercise / fitnessHealth promotion / education / interventions / program(me)sSpecific populations – children, older people, gender, ethnicity, chronic conditions etc
  • Ask them for examples! Then show ideason next slide
  • Links we’ll be using today.
  • Don’t bother with linked full text (too limiting).....
  • Mention MDX cookie for off site access Better alternative to Google Scholar
  • FOLLOW LINKS IN CATALOGUEIf something’s not working, let me know!
  • Demo cookie on Summon front page
  • Inter Library Loan serviceSCONUL Access SCONUL Access Scheme provides reciprocal access and borrowing rights for staff and students to approximately 170 member institutions in the UK.Other libraries (specialist, catalogues etc):British Library is a union catalogue that gives access to the merged online catalogues of members of the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL). Twenty  major university libraries currently contribute to COPAC.Search25 search across some of the more technologically advanced higher education library catalogues in the London area in one search, as well as the Union List of Serials (ULS).SUNCAT, a union catalogue of serials (periodicals) for the UK, is a tool for locating serials held in UK libraries.
  • Get them to give you ideasCurrentAuthoritativeObjective – balanced, unbiased – what’s their intent? EtcRelevant – who is it aimed at? Level, Context e.g. UK/US
  • Author can be organisation etcPurpose / relevance– also research methods etcDepending on how time is going – Google Scholar tips
  • Refer to worksheet: write a reference for a bookCan also mention plagiarism/referencing guide...
  • Do the referencing exercise / any questions if time
  • Mention that they can make appointments through LibGuide
  • Literature searching for Health Promotion 2013

    1. 1. Literature searching for health promotion Finding journal articles and more study/library/
    2. 2. Before we start... • Always use Mozilla Firefox as browser within University • Click the icon on the Desktop • Login to myUniHub
    3. 3. Today we are going to cover... • Finding the evidence • Searching effectively for journal articles • Evaluating information • Using information ethically (citing and referencing)
    4. 4. Getting started... Turn over the sheet in front of you
    5. 5. What Is Evidence? “Information or signs indicating whether something is true or valid” Compact Oxford Dictionary for Students (2006) You will need to provide appropriate evidence to support any claims or arguments made in your assignments
    6. 6. Evidence-Based Practice “…involves the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care…” Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice (2005)
    7. 7. The hierarchy of evidence Source:Evidence-Based Practice in the Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago. Under Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-SA 2.5
    8. 8. Different assignments... • ...need different types/combinations of evidence • Can you think of examples?
    9. 9. Finding the evidence • Systematic Reviews • RCTs • Other experimental studies (cohort studies, case control studies) • Non-experimental studies e.g. Case reports • Expert opinion • Cochrane Library • Peer-reviewed journals • Peer-reviewed journals • Peer-reviewed journals • e.g. NICE guidelines & pathways, evidencebased local policies
    10. 10. Starting your search
    11. 11. Keywords • Really worth a 5 minute brainstorm before you search – it will save you time later! • Searching one word for your concept will not bring you all the results (and sometimes none!) Not everyone uses the same terminology for one idea 11
    12. 12. Today we’re going to search for literature on... How health promotion can be effective for physical activity What are the important concepts in this topic? Are there other words for the same ideas? Ways we could make it more specific?
    13. 13. Keywords 1. Pick out your concepts and separate them – Health promotion, physical activity 2. Think of other words that are similar to your key words but represent the same concepts – e.g. Health promotion, education, interventions, program(me)s
    14. 14. Planning your search - keywords 3. BE PREPARED Think of narrower words that fit into your concepts so that if you produce too many results, you can focus on one area of that topic / research • NOTE: if you narrow ALL your concepts you will make your life too hard – choose one or two 14
    15. 15. Exercise 2 Use the database / search engine you’ve been assigned: Look for resources on: “health promotion and physical activity” • Remember to try other related keywords too • Fill in the relevant section on the sheet and be prepared to feed back
    16. 16. Google Scholar
    17. 17. NICE Evidence
    18. 18. Cochrane Library
    19. 19. CINAHL
    20. 20. Limiting your search in CINAHL • Date • Population studied – age, gender? • Type of article / study • Research article option is useful
    21. 21. InterNurse
    22. 22. Summon • Simple database useful as a starting point • Will cross search library resources: books, journal databases, newspaper articles • Remember - NOT subject specific
    23. 23. Where’s the full text? • If using Summon make sure you have ticked ‘Full text online’ • If you find a useful reference and you’re not sure if we have it: - Check the library catalogue – Journal A-Z for Journal title • In CINAHL/MEDLINE, ‘Check library holdings’ will do this for you • Check Google Scholar for links to open access papers
    24. 24. Access troubleshooting • • • • For best results, set the Middlesex cookie myUniHub> My Study > My Library Athens login = UniHub login N.B. If Middlesex isn’t mentioned on the screen, choose Alternative login • Troubleshooting guide on library subject pages: cresources
    25. 25. But it’s not in the Library! • • • • • Inter Library Loans SCONUL Access British Library RCN Institutional repositories • More information: ‘Other Libraries’ page on Health Promotion guide
    26. 26. But is it any good? Is it what you need and is it trustworthy? What criteria would you use to assess the relevance and quality of the information?
    27. 27. The C A R P test
    28. 28. C A R P • Currency - How old is the information? When was it last updated? • Authority - Who is the author / creator? What is their background? Is the article published in a scholarly/peer reviewed journal? • Relevance - Is this what I need? Will it answer my question? Is it at an appropriate level? • Purpose - What is the purpose of the information e.g. financial gain, propaganda, academic research, etc.
    29. 29. Exercise 3 • Work in groups • 4 resources and evaluation sheet • For each resource, decide as a group if it meets the criteria. • No need to read the whole thing!
    30. 30. Referencing • Is very important • Acknowledges other people’s work (avoids plagiarism) • Shows you’ve read around the subject • Supports your discussion and arguments • Gets you better marks! • Enables others to find your references
    31. 31. Referencing
    32. 32. On the front page of the HP guide...
    33. 33. Referencing • Have a look at the two reference lists • Which is ‘better’? Why? List your reasons on the back of the sheet
    34. 34. Need help? • Librarians in the Specialist Zone (1st floor) core hours Monday - Friday • Ask a Librarian • Health Promotion Library Subject Guide