Keyword task – 1 minute!What did they think the aim was? - Importance of thinking around your topic to find enough good results
Why is research important in health care? EBP = use of research evidence in practice.Guidelines, policies etc based on research evidence.
Depends on your question! Primary or secondary research?Pyramid reflects quality AND quantity“gold standard” at top – stronger level of evidenceFor EBP, higher levels are preferred. NB these may not be available for all topics – may have to draw on lower levelsUse the highest level research design available for your topic
High quality, peer-reviewed research in journal articlesPolicies and government documentsProjects, reports, websites
Search using databases, NHS Ev etc – Libguide!SRs strict design, comprehensive summary of available evidence on a given topic.Also excellent examples of lit search methodology.RCTsOther exp studies aren’t randomised – Cohorts similar (exposure vs non-exposure but no control over who has what) – prospective or retrospectiveCase control studies – observational and retrospective – looking back to see if patients with outcomes had exposure
Ask them for examples! Then show ideason next slide
Links we’ll be using today.
Don’t bother with linked full text (too limiting).....
Mention MDX cookie for off site access Better alternative to Google Scholar
FOLLOW LINKS IN CATALOGUEIf something’s not working, let me know!
Demo cookie on Summon front page
Inter Library Loan serviceSCONUL Access http://www.access.sconul.ac.uk/The SCONUL Access Scheme provides reciprocal access and borrowing rights for staff and students to approximately 170 member institutions in the UK.Other libraries (specialist, catalogues etc):British Library http://www.bl.uk/COPAChttp://copac.ac.uk/COPAC is a union catalogue that gives access to the merged online catalogues of members of the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL). Twenty major university libraries currently contribute to COPAC.Search25 http://www.search25.ac.uk/ search across some of the more technologically advanced higher education library catalogues in the London area in one search, as well as the Union List of Serials (ULS).SUNCAThttp://www.suncat.ac.uk/SUNCAT, a union catalogue of serials (periodicals) for the UK, is a tool for locating serials held in UK libraries.
Get them to give you ideasCurrentAuthoritativeObjective – balanced, unbiased – what’s their intent? EtcRelevant – who is it aimed at? Level, Context e.g. UK/US
Author can be organisation etcPurpose / relevance– also research methods etcDepending on how time is going – Google Scholar tips
Refer to worksheet: write a reference for a bookCan also mention plagiarism/referencing guide...
Do the referencing exercise / any questions if time
Mention that they can make appointments through LibGuide
Literature searching for Health Promotion 2013
Literature searching for
Finding journal articles and more
Before we start...
• Always use Mozilla Firefox as browser within
• Click the icon on the Desktop
• Login to myUniHub
Today we are going to cover...
• Finding the evidence
• Searching effectively for journal articles
• Evaluating information
• Using information ethically (citing and
Turn over the sheet in front of you
What Is Evidence?
“Information or signs indicating whether
something is true or valid”
Compact Oxford Dictionary for Students (2006)
You will need to provide appropriate
evidence to support any claims or arguments
made in your assignments
“…involves the conscientious use of current
best evidence in making decisions about
Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to
best practice (2005)
The hierarchy of evidence
Source:Evidence-Based Practice in the Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago.
http://ebp.lib.uic.edu/nursing/node/12 Under Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-SA 2.5
• ...need different types/combinations of
• Can you think of examples?
Finding the evidence
• Systematic Reviews
• Other experimental
studies, case control
studies e.g. Case
• Expert opinion
• Cochrane Library
• Peer-reviewed journals
• Peer-reviewed journals
• Peer-reviewed journals
• e.g. NICE guidelines &
pathways, evidencebased local policies
• Really worth a 5 minute brainstorm before
you search – it will save you time later!
• Searching one word for your concept will
not bring you all the results (and
Not everyone uses the same terminology
for one idea
Today we’re going to search for
How health promotion can be
effective for physical activity
What are the important concepts in this topic?
Are there other words for the same ideas? Ways
we could make it more specific?
1. Pick out your concepts and separate them
– Health promotion, physical activity
2. Think of other words that are similar to your
key words but represent the same concepts
– e.g. Health promotion, education,
Planning your search - keywords
3. BE PREPARED
Think of narrower words that fit into your
concepts so that if you produce too many results,
you can focus on one area of that topic / research
• NOTE: if you narrow ALL your concepts you will
make your life too hard – choose one or two
Use the database / search engine you’ve been
Look for resources on:
“health promotion and physical activity”
• Remember to try other related keywords too
• Fill in the relevant section on the sheet and be
prepared to feed back
• Simple database useful as a starting point
• Will cross search library resources: books, journal databases, newspaper
• Remember - NOT subject specific
Where’s the full text?
• If using Summon make sure you have ticked ‘Full text
• If you find a useful reference and you’re not sure if we
- Check the library catalogue – Journal A-Z for Journal title
• In CINAHL/MEDLINE, ‘Check library holdings’ will do this
• Check Google Scholar for links to open access papers
For best results, set the Middlesex cookie
myUniHub> My Study > My Library
Athens login = UniHub login
N.B. If Middlesex isn’t mentioned on the
screen, choose Alternative login
• Troubleshooting guide on library subject
But it’s not in the Library!
Inter Library Loans
• More information: ‘Other Libraries’ page on Health
But is it any good?
Is it what you need and is it trustworthy?
What criteria would you use to assess the
relevance and quality of the information?
C A R P
• Currency - How old is the information? When
was it last updated?
• Authority - Who is the author / creator? What
is their background?
Is the article published in a scholarly/peer
• Relevance - Is this what I need? Will it answer
my question? Is it at an appropriate level?
• Purpose - What is the purpose of the
information e.g. financial gain, propaganda,
academic research, etc.
• Work in groups
• 4 resources and evaluation sheet
• For each resource, decide as a group if it
meets the criteria.
• No need to read the whole thing!
• Is very important
• Acknowledges other people’s work (avoids
• Shows you’ve read around the subject
• Supports your discussion and arguments
• Gets you better marks!
• Enables others to find your references
• Have a look at the two reference lists
• Which is ‘better’? Why? List your reasons on
the back of the sheet
• Librarians in the Specialist Zone (1st floor) core
hours Monday - Friday
• Ask a Librarian http://askalibrarian.mdx.ac.uk/
• Health Promotion Library Subject Guide