Coat of Arms
Population 57,725,600 25,789,024 2,606,971 16,150,362 55,572,201
Area 1,221,037 km2 1,246,700 km2 825,615 km2 390,757 km2 947,303 km2
Population Density 42.4/km2 20.69/km2 3.2/km2 26/km2 47.5/km2
Capital City Pretoria, Cape Town,
Luanda Windhoek Harare Dodoma
Capital: Pretoria (executive)
Cape Town (legislative)
Climate: subtropical along east coast;
warm, sunny days and cool nights,
experiences winter and summer.
Religion: 82.0% Christian, 7.1%
Indigenous religions, 5.4% Agnostic,
2.4% Hindu, 1.7% Muslim, 0.5% Bahá'í,
0.3% Buddhist and atheist, 0.2% Jewish,
and less than 0.1% identified with each
Peak season: Summer months are
December to March, Autumn is April to
May, and Spring is September to
The Family in South Africa
• The basic unit of South African society
is the family, which includes the nuclear
family and the extended family or tribe.
• In traditional African society, the tribe is
the most important community as it is
the equivalent of a nation.
• The coloured and more traditional
Afrikaans cultures consider their
extended family to be almost as
important as their nuclear family, while
the English-speaking white community
places more emphasis on the nuclear
The Rural/Urban Dichotomy
• There are vast differences between the
values of the rural and urban dwellers.
• The majority of the whites living in rural
areas are Afrikaner farmers who are
descended from the Calvinists. Their
views on the world are sometimes
narrow. At the same time they value
human decency over materialism.
• The many rural black communities are
still rooted in the traditions of their
heritage, whereas the increasingly
urban black community combines their
roots with the urban environment and
international influences that surround
• When dealing with foreigners,
most South Africans shake hands
while maintaining eye contact and
• Some women do not shake hands
and merely nod their head, so it is
best to wait for a woman to
extend her hand.
• Men may kiss a woman they know
well on the cheek in place of a
handshake. Greetings are leisurely
and include time for social
discussion and exchanging
Gift Giving Etiquette
• In general, South Africans give
gifts for birthdays and Christmas.
• Two birthdays - 21 and 40 - are
often celebrated with a large
party in which a lavish gift is
given. It is common for several
friends to contribute to this gift to
help defray the cost.
• If you are invited to a South
African's home, bring flowers,
good quality chocolates, or a
bottle of good South African wine
to the hostess.
• If you are invited to a South
• Arrive on time if invited to dinner.
• Contact the hostess ahead of time
to see if she would like you to bring
• Wear casual clothes. This may
include jeans or pressed shorts. It is
a good idea to check with the hosts
Business Meeting Etiquette
• Appointments are necessary and
should be made as far in advance as
• It may be difficult to arrange
meetings with senior level managers
on short notice, although you may
be able to do so with lower-level
• It is often difficult to schedule
meetings from mid December to
mid January or the two weeks
surrounding Easter, as these are
prime vacation times.
The oldest urban area in South Africa, colloquially
named the Mother City. The city is known for its
harbor, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic
Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain
and Cape Point.
Johannesburg, South Africa
The Apartheid Museum illustrates the rise and fall of South Africa’s
era of segregation and oppression, and is an absolute must-see. It
uses a broad variety of media to provide a chilling insight into the
architecture and implementation of the apartheid system, as well as
inspiring stories of the struggle towards democracy. It’s invaluable in
understanding the inequalities and tensions that still exist today.
Climate: Like the rest of
tropical Africa, Angola
alternating rainy and dry
Religion: 41.0% Roman
Catholic, 38.0% Protestant,
12.0% None, 1.0% Animist,
Peak season: mid-May to
Off Peak Season: December to
The Angolan People
• Although many people when asked may say they
are Angolan, most of them will really have their
primary sense of identity and loyalty to a tribe.
• The major ethnic groups are the Ovimnumdu,
the largest, who live predominantly in the
central highlands; the Mbundu who cluster
around Luanda province; and the Bakongo who
live in the northwest provinces.
• Traditional Angolan religions believe in a close
connection with the spirit of dead ancestors.
They believe that ancestors play a part in the
lives of the living. Therefore, the spirits of dead
ancestors remain prominent members of the
• Ancestral worship is a common thread through
many indigenous religions. It is considered that
not revering the dead can jeopardize the living.
It is thought that people must appease the
ancestors so that they do not harm the living. It
is believed that ancestors can bring famine,
plague, disease, personal loss, and other
• The most common greeting is the handshake.
• Close friends may embrace, kiss, or offer a
• As in most African countries, greetings should
never be rushed.
Gift Giving Etiquette
• Gift giving is only really practiced in urban areas.
• It is not so much a part of Angolan culture and as
a result there are not many tips surrounding it.
• If you are invited to an Angolan's home, bring
fruit, flowers, or chocolates to the host.
• Angolans are extremely hospitable and enjoy
entertaining friends and family in their homes.
• In Luanda, they may also entertain in restaurants
or cafés since they have adopted more Western
ideas about socializing.
• The Angolan approach to entertaining retains
much of the Portuguese influence, including the
time of dinner invitations which are often 8 p.m.
• Food is often served from a communal bowl.
• Use the serving spoons to scoop food from the
communal bowl on to your individual bowl.
is a modern city located in Angola and it overlooks the Altantic
Ocean. The charms and uniqueness of the city can never fade
away. So when you are in Angola, never forget to visit Luanda.
Benguela is an important tourist destination located in Angola. The
Portuguese architecture is the main thing to watch in the city.
‘Benguela’ is a site that must be visited when you are listing a tour to
Climate: has a sub-tropical climate, desert
along the coast and in the south, and arid,
with a rainy season from November to March,
in the north-central and north-eastern inland
Religion: 80%–90% Christians. 75%
Protestants, 50% Lutheran.
Peak season: from May to August: it's a dry
and sunny period, and it's the only one that
allows to avoid the intense heat
Off Peak Season: summer (December to
The Family in Namibia
• Namibian culture is quite like any
other. The family is recognized as the
basic unit of society and it is the
head of the household who provides
and manages the family’s
expenditures and makes all those all-
• Namibia used to be a patriarchal
society, but ever since the women
called for equal rights the
government had to act for the good
of all. Discrimination is still apparent
in society. Women do have
opportunities; however, it is
extremely few to those that are
offered to men.
• In the light of developing
relationships and family, it always
starts with a great wedding; a union
of two individuals. Marriage in
Namibia is a social event that leads
to marvelous festivities.
• The weddings are filled with food
and dances that it becomes a grand
celebration that incorporates the old
and new ways of Namibian culture
• First meetings will usually center on
personal details (name, country of
origin etc.). In turn, you should ask
the same sort of questions. It
makes a good impression showing a
Namibian that one is really highly
educated, although such
revelations may seem as if one is
• They also do not like to be asked:
"What tribe are you?" The best way
to put that question today is to ask
’which language is your mother
tongue and which region or town
do you come from?’ or ’Where did
you go to school?’
• When greeting a Namibian
colleague, you may be initially
surprised to experience a so-called
• Women tend to greet other women
solely with words, shaking hands
only with a woman of higher
• When entering the room for a
meeting, it is polite to greet
everyone in the room. Even though
the other participants may be late,
you should try to arrive on time.
The second largest of Namibia’s game reserves after
Namib-Naukluft, Etosha National Park surrounds the vast
Etosha salt pan. The pan itself is usually dry and only fills
with water briefly in the summer, but is enough to stimulate
the growth of a blue-green algae which lures thousands of
At Fish River Canyon Park, you’ll be able to see one of the
largest canyons in the world. There are several fantastic ways
to view and experience Fish River Canyon Park in person. If
you’re up for a hike, the Fish River Canyon Trail is very
Climate: There are three main seasons: a
rainy season, hot and humid. The kind of
climate, with a long dry season, almost
always produces a savannah landscape.
Religion: 80% Christians. 63% Protestants,
11% Ethnic Religions, 1% Muslims
Peak season: mid-May to August, having a
cooler weather and almost no rain
Off Peak Season: December to February-
rainiest period, hot and muggy
The Family in Zimbabwe
• The “family” traditionally refers to
an expansive kinship network.
• There is no such thing as a “cousin”
in Zimbabwean culture. Cousins are
referred to and understood as one’s
brothers and sisters.
• Zimbabwean society is generally
very patriarchal, men generally hold
more decision-making power.
Within the family, the oldest male
(usually the father) is
the patriarch and is expected to be
the breadwinner for the entire
Marriage and Dating
• Commonly, Zimbabwean couples
date privately and only tell their
parents of their relationship once
they are ready to get married.
• The most common unions among
Zimbabweans are unregistered
customary marriages. These are
customary marriages that are not
legally recognized because the man
and woman have fulfilled the
cultural marriage ceremonies
without signing the marriage
• Greet anyone older than than
yourself first. Greetings are
performed in order of age. If
someone doesn’t greet you, it may
be because they are older than
you and are waiting for you to
make the first gesture.
• The common greeting is a firm
handshake with the right hand.
• The traditional greeting involves a
clap after the handshake. The first
person claps twice whilst saying
“Makadii” (‘How are you?’ in
• Arrive on time. Though your
Zimbabwean counterpart may be
late, your punctuality is likely to
give a good impression.
• Greet everyone individually,
starting with the person who is
standing closest to you and so on.
• Offer and receive people’s
business cards with your right
For pure adventure consider visiting river Zambezi near Victoria
Falls. Here, you’ll definitely have a number of breath-taking fun
activities like rafting and triggerfish fishing.
Victoria Falls is a “must sea” tourist attraction in Zimbabwe.
Named after the well-known explorer, David Livingstone, the
falls attract the bulk of Zimbabwean tourists from different
corners of the world.
Climate: The climate is tropical and coastal
areas are hot and humid, while the
northwestern highlands are cool and
temperate. There are two rainy seasons;
the short rains generally from October to
December, while the long rains last from
March to June.
Religion: 61.4% Christians, 1.8 %
Traditional Religions, 35.2% Muslims,
1.4% unaffiliated with any religion
Peak season: June to October- dry season
Off Peak Season: March-May
• Tanzania is well-known for being
a premier safari destination in
Africa and attracts travelers from
across the globe annually.
Alongside the wealth of wildlife
and breath-taking landscapes,
the country is rich with culture.
• Tanzania is home to over 120
• Tanzania culture is Swahili, an
Arab/African mix, but there are
also big Asian communities,
particularly Indian, in towns and
The Family Unit
• the man will be the head of the
household and will take all of the
• The wife will earn respect by
having children, and often will
not be considered to have
reached full womanhood until
she has produced a healthy
• Children eat separately, often
with their mothers.
• Men greeting Men – A
handshake is appropriate in most
situations. Handshakes tend to
be energetic and very often
linger a bit. It is also appropriate
for two men to walk hand in
hand in public.
• Women greeting Women – A
handshake and/or bow is
appropriate in most situations.If
you would like to show great
respect you may also place your
left hand over your right elbow
when handshaking and bowing.
• Meetings between Men and
Women – Appropriate greetings
depend on the nature of the
relationship. For all others a
handshake and/or bow is
appropriate but it is best to wait
for the woman to extend her
hand, otherwise a bow or a nod
of acknowledgment will suffice.
Gift Giving Etiquette
• Gifts are nice gestures and are
appreciated but are not expected.
• A gift does not have to be something
that cost a lot of money. Bringing
something small from your country
such as candy, a calendar, postcards,
etc, is appropriate.
• Depending on the culture and tribe
that you are with, you may find that
community members ask you to
bring back gifts when you go away,
or ask you for gifts upon your arrival.
This is actually common for some
tribes of Tanzania to ask each other,
so do not think that it is only
because you are a foreigner.
• Often any wrapped gifts will be put
aside in public and only opened later
• It’s best to show up on time for a
meeting even though you may end
• Higher ups are usually greeted first,
then other men and lastly women.
• The person who is hosting the
meeting should usually open and
close the meeting.
One of the most frequented attractions in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro
National Park is home to Africa's highest mountain peak. Unlike other parks
in northern Tanzania, this one is not visited for the wildlife but for the
chance to stand in awe of this majestic snow-capped mountain and, for
many, to climb to the summit.
Serengeti National Park is a vast treeless plain with thousands,
even millions of animals searching for fresh grasslands. As the
largest national park in Tanzania, the Serengeti attracts
thousands of tourists each year.