Seven myths of the spanish conquest


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Seven myths of the spanish conquest

  1. 1. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest By: Josh Kessner History 140 Professor Arguello
  2. 2. Intro: The Lost World of Bernal Diaz <ul><li>Diaz witnessed first hand many sacrifices when coming across the Aztec colonies in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>He helped to lead a Spanish expedition against the Aztec empire </li></ul><ul><li>While their he witnessed their gigantic pyramids such as the metropolis of Tenochtitlan </li></ul><ul><li>He collected stories from his soldiers and put it into a narrative during his campaign against the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>Later, there was a manuscript found in Madrid from the perspective of a common soldier </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 1 A Handful of Adventures: The Myth of Exceptional Men <ul><li>Within the first chapter it is discussed how the discovery of the Americas was history’s greatest achievement and how this was discovered by a “handful of adventures” </li></ul><ul><li>It discusses from the initial discoverer of the Americas to the two most powerful expedition leaders that helped expand the conquest </li></ul><ul><li>They talk about how all of these adventures led to the discovery of the Americas as a whole </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 1 A Handful of Adventures: The Myth of Exceptional Men <ul><li>The chapter discusses how Christopher Columbus had discovered the Americas and its significance. </li></ul><ul><li>More importantly it discusses how Cortez and Pizzaro led the expeditions into the interior of the land taking over the land of the natives </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztec and Inca being two very powerful empires in the America prior to the expeditions, Cortez and Pizzaro overthrew their reign </li></ul><ul><li>This Allowed for the Spanish Empire to become as great and successful as it was </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 7 Apes and Men: The Myth of Superiority <ul><li>Myths of Conquest by the Spaniards were that it was emotionally less taxing and that God looked upon them as doing the right thing even though they killed many people </li></ul><ul><li>Also it was believed that it could be politically safer to go on a conquest </li></ul><ul><li>In reality conquests were done in order to destroy enemy empires, expanding one’s own, and the benefits of the wealth go towards those in power </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 7 Apes and Men: The Myth of Superiority <ul><li>With having allies the Spaniards were much more capable of taking over the native enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Although the natives would play an important role in the destruction of the larger empires, the rewards of the victory would be given to the conquistadors and leaders </li></ul><ul><li>There was native disunity throughout the empires </li></ul><ul><li>Although the natives may have outnumbered the Spanish, the weaponry that the Spanish had was superior and much more powerful </li></ul>