Theory of Rasa - Bharatmuni Name: Jitendra Sumra Roll No.- Sem.: II Sub.- Literary Criticism
Introduction:-• The Rasa theory originates with Bharat in Natyasastra. Its meaning that is sought compositions in the nature of an emotional effect of diverse human experience on man’s mind and heart.
• Rasa means to analyse the structure of those emotions in terms of cause, physical correlate (effect) and their effect on man’s being.• Now we will expound the origin, colours, and illustration of these rhetorical sentiments.
• The sources of origin of these sentiments are the four basic sentiments of Rasa. These are as follows: » The Erotic » The furious » The heroic » The odious
• The sentiment becomes possible from the erotic, and the pathetic from the furious; the origin of the marvelous of the terrible from the odious.• A mimicry or imitation of the erotic is fittingly described as the sentiment consequence of the furious is to be known as the pathetic sentiment.
• In the same way the consequence of the Heroic is properly described as the marvelous. And the presentation of the odious is to be known likewise as the terrible.
The new colours:-• The erotic sentiment is light-green (syana); the comic is descrived as white (Sita); pathetic is grey (kapota) and the fearfull is described as red (rakta). The heroic is to be known as yellow-red (gaula), the terrible as black; the odious on the contrary is blue (rala) and the marvellous is yellow.
Now the deities:-• The Erotic (sentiment) has Vishnu as its presiding deity; the deity of the comic is Pramtha; the deity of the furious is Rudra; the pathetic has Yama as its deity.• The deity of the odious is Mahakala; the terrible has Kala as the god; the heroic, the god Mahendra the marvelous has Brahma as its deity.