Rome's Government

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Rome's Government

  1. 1. Birth of a Republic
  2. 2. Agenda 3/6/07 <ul><li>Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Rome’s Government </li></ul><ul><li>Class Elections </li></ul>
  3. 3. Warm Up <ul><li>Answer the following question with the munchkins at your table. </li></ul><ul><li>Question: What are the rights that you have as a citizen of the United States? Are there any rights that you don’t have that maybe you wish you did? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives <ul><li>Complete a Quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the major people and positions in the early Roman government </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize how Rome’s government worked </li></ul>
  5. 5. Main Idea <ul><li>Rome’s republic was shaped by a struggle between wealthy nobles and regular citizens. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A. Patricians <ul><li>Wealthy land owners </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles that made up the ruling class </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens – could vote, had to pay taxes and serve in the army </li></ul><ul><li>Could not marry a Plebian </li></ul><ul><li>Could serve in government </li></ul>
  7. 7. B. Plebians <ul><li>Majority of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans, shopkeepers, small farm owners </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen – could vote, had to pay taxes and serve in the army </li></ul><ul><li>Could not marry a Patrician </li></ul><ul><li>Could not serve in government </li></ul>
  8. 8. C. Praetors <ul><li>Government officials </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreted law and judged court cases </li></ul><ul><li>Kept tax records </li></ul><ul><li>Handled public finances </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised public festivals </li></ul>
  9. 9. D. Consuls <ul><li>Top government official </li></ul><ul><li>Two chosen every year </li></ul><ul><li>Headed the army and ran the government </li></ul><ul><li>Served short term, no risk of abusing power </li></ul><ul><li>Veto – right of the consul to reject the other’s decision. Latin for “I forbid” </li></ul>
  10. 10. B. Strong Army <ul><li>Male citizens who owned land had to serve in the army </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh punishments and tough discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Organized into Legions of 6,000 men </li></ul><ul><li>Legionary – A Roman soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Carried a gladius – short sword, and a pilum – a spear </li></ul>
  11. 11. C. Shrewd Rulers <ul><li>Built military settlements in conquered areas </li></ul><ul><li>Built roads between towns </li></ul><ul><li>Granted citizenship to conquered peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Knew that people would be more loyal to those who treated them well </li></ul><ul><li>If people revolted, it was swiftly put down </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some Examples

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