Growth Of The Labor Movement

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Growth Of The Labor Movement

  1. 1. Labor Force Distribution 1870-1900
  2. 2. The Changing American Labor Force
  3. 3. Child Labor
  4. 4. Child Labor
  5. 5. “ Galley Labor”
  6. 6. Labor Unrest: 1870-1900
  7. 7. The Corporate “Bully-Boys”: Pinkerton Agents
  8. 8. Management vs. Labor “ Tools” of Management “ Tools” of Labor <ul><li>“ scabs” </li></ul><ul><li>P. R. campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Pinkertons </li></ul><ul><li>lockout </li></ul><ul><li>blacklisting </li></ul><ul><li>yellow-dog contracts </li></ul><ul><li>court injunctions </li></ul><ul><li>open shop </li></ul><ul><li>boycotts </li></ul><ul><li>sympathy demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>informational picketing </li></ul><ul><li>closed shops </li></ul><ul><li>organized strikes </li></ul><ul><li>“ wildcat” strikes </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Striker Confronts a SCAB!
  10. 10. Knights of Labor Terence V. Powderly An injury to one is the concern of all!
  11. 11. Knights of Labor Knights of Labor trade card
  12. 12. Goals of the Knights of Labor <ul><li>Eight-hour workday. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers’ cooperatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Worker-owned factories. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of child and prison labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased circulation of greenbacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Equal pay for men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety codes in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition of contract foreign labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of the National Bank. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
  14. 14. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
  15. 15. The Tournament of Today: A Set-to Between Labor and Monopoly
  16. 16. Anarchists Meet on the Lake Front in 1886
  17. 17. Haymarket Riot (1886) McCormick Harvesting Machine Co.
  18. 18. Haymarket Martyrs
  19. 19. Governor John Peter Altgeld
  20. 20. The American Federation of Labor: 1886 Samuel Gompers
  21. 21. How the AF of L Would Help the Workers <ul><li>Catered to the skilled worker. </li></ul><ul><li>Represented workers in matters of national legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained a national strike fund. </li></ul><ul><li>Evangelized the cause of unionism. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevented disputes among the many craft unions. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated disputes between management and labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed for closed shops . </li></ul>
  22. 22. Homestead Steel Strike (1892) The Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers Homestead Steel Works
  23. 23. Big Corporate Profits!
  24. 24. A “Company Town”: Pullman, IL
  25. 25. Pullman Cars A Pullman porter
  26. 26. The Pullman Strike of 1894
  27. 27. President Grover Cleveland If it takes the entire army and navy to deliver a postal card in Chicago, that card will be delivered!
  28. 28. The Pullman Strike of 1894 Government by injunction!
  29. 29. The Socialists Eugene V. Debs
  30. 30. International Workers of the World ( “Wobblies” )
  31. 31. “ Big Bill” Haywood of the IWW <ul><li>Violence was justified to overthrow capitalism. </li></ul>
  32. 32. I W W & the Internationale
  33. 33. Labor Union Membership
  34. 34. “ Solidarity Forever!” by Ralph Chapin (1915) When the union's inspiration through the workers‘ blood shall run, There can be no power greater anywhere beneath the sun; Yet what force on earth is weaker than the feeble strength of one, But the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong!
  35. 35. Come On and Sing Along!!
  36. 36. “ Solidarity Forever!” Is there aught we hold in common with the greedy parasite, Who would lash us into serfdom and would crush us with his might? Is there anything left to us but to organize and fight? For the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong!
  37. 37. “ Solidarity Forever!” * * * * Through our sisters and our brothers we can make our union strong, For respect and equal value, we have done without too long. We no longer have to tolerate injustices and wrongs, Yes, the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong!
  38. 38. Workers Benefits Today
  39. 39. The Rise & Decline of Organized Labor
  40. 40. Right-to-Work States Today

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