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  1. 1.  In middle East a tragic picture is emerging , Iraq Syria, Libya and now YEMEN are apparently being torn apart by geo-sectarian and ethnic conflicts.  Specifically war on Yemen is a smokescreen. Concealed behind the smoke is a tale of geopolitics and petro- politics that aims to control the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait and the Gulf of Aden.
  2. 2. Bab-ul-Mandab
  3. 3. Geo-Politics Behind Yemen War  The United States and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia & Israel became very uneasy when the Yemenese or Yemenite movement of the Houthi or Ansarallah (meaning the supporters of God in Arabic) gained control of Yemen’s capital (Sanaa, Sana).
  4. 4.  Added to the geopolitical importance of Yemen in overseeing strategic maritime corridors is its military’s missile arsenal. Yemen’s missiles could hit any ships in the Gulf of Aden or Bab Al-Mandeb. In this regard, the Saudi attack on Yemen’s strategic missile depots serves both US and Israeli interests. The aim is not only to prevent them from being used to retaliate against exertions of Saudi military force, but to also prevent them from being available to a Yemeni government aligned to either Iran, Russia, or China.
  5. 5. The Sectarian Narrative  The instability in Yemen is being caused not by Iran or the Houthis, but by US and Saudi interference in Yemen.  Yemen is not an inherently divided country. Aside from the nurturing of Al-Qaeda by Saudi Arabia and the US, there is no real Shia-Sunni split or tensions.
  6. 6. Involvement Of US  US wants to make sure that it could control the Bab Al- Mandeb, the Gulf of Aden, and the Socotra Islands. The Bab Al-Mandeb is an important strategic chokepoint for international maritime trade and energy shipments that connects the Persian Gulf via the Indian Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea via the Red Sea. It is just as important as the Suez Canal for the maritime shipping lanes and trade between Africa, Asia, and Europe.
  7. 7.  US and undoubtedly several of its NATO allies have decided to only provide logistical and intelligence support to the Saudis for the war on Yemen.  US and Britain and like countries provided military hardware, bombs for the attack, refueling its warplanes, intelligence, and logistical support.
  8. 8. KSA’s Interests  The House of Saud has long considered Yemen a subordinate province of some sorts and as a part of Riyadh’s sphere of influence.  Despite trade issues Saudi Arabia is visibly afraid that Yemen could become formally aligned to Iran and that the events there could result in new rebellions in the Arabian Peninsula against the House of Saud.
  9. 9. Countries Participating In military campaign The coalition includes eight Arab states.  Saudi Arabia  Bahrain  Kuwait  Qatar  UAE  Morocco  Egypt  Jordan  Sudan  Senegal While US, UK and France are providing logistical support.
  10. 10. Israel’s Concerns  Israel is also concerned, because control of Yemen could cut off Israel’s access to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea and prevent its submarines from easily deploying to the Persian Gulf to threaten Iran.  Iran’s Expanding control. “Iran is an Empire & Our Capital is Baghdad” Said Tehran Official .