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Summary/Source Cards: Note-taking and Source Recording

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Help high school students master the art of summarizing an article and record its source through this immediately implementable PowerPoint activity.

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Summary/Source Cards: Note-taking and Source Recording

  1. 1. PowerPoint Credits: 0 RESEARCH & DESIGN 0 Jill Pavich, M.Ed., NBCT 0 ©2015 edPioneer Consulting, LLC 0 RESOURCES 0 Article: “Santa Barbara oil spill: Crude flowed 'well below' capacity in ruptured pipe,” by Michael Martinez, Paul Vercammen and Ed Payne (CNN Online, May 22, 2015) 0 University of Washington (source reference for ‘How to Write a Summary’) 0 MATERIALS 0 “Summary/Source Cards” handout
  2. 2. What Is A Summary? It’s a condensed version of the article you read, presented in your own words. 0 It restates the central ideas expressed in the article and ONLY the most relevant ‘big picture’ details, thereby satisfying our general need to know who, what, where, why, when and how 0 It comprehensively covers the article’s contents without delving back into specific details noted in the original. 0 It is objectively written, omitting any personal opinion or response to the article; it does not include information not mentioned in the article. 0 It’s roughly 150-300 words in length, depending on the length of the original.
  3. 3. How Do I Write One? 0 Read the article carefully, paying attention to what the content says but also how this information is organized. 0 Annotate as you read: 0 Circle important people or groups mentioned (WHO) 0 Put a box around relevant locations (WHERE) 0 Attempt to locate phrases or sentences that seem to express the main/central idea and either label or put a star (*) next to them (WHAT) 0The main idea is often, though not always, mentioned at the beginning and/or end of the article. 0There may be more than one phrase/sentence that expresses the big picture…annotate any that you find.
  4. 4. How Do I Write One? CON’T 0 Annotate as you read, cont: 0 You are welcome to underline any information you think is important this first time around if it helps you understand it better. 0 At the end of the process, we will use our highlighters to distinguish which information is MOST important for inclusion in the summary.
  5. 5. How Do I Write One? CON’T Now that you’ve read the article, look back over it… 0 If the article contains sub-headings, reconsider what information was covered in each of these sections; jot notes in the margin that sum up the main point expressed in that section. 0 If there are no subheadings, attempted to divide the text into ‘chunks’ yourself, jotting notes in the margin to sum up the main idea being expressed in each part you section off. Once you thoroughly understand the article and all its pieces, you can decide what information is most important to include in the summary.
  6. 6. How Do I Determine What Appears in the Summary? Once you thoroughly understand the article and all its pieces, you can decide what information is most important to include in the summary. 0 Review the annotated information. Using your highlighter, do your best to differentiate between primary and secondary information by highlighting only those facts that are crucial to understanding the main idea, those that answer who/what/where/why/when/how basics. 0 Avoid the lure of very specific details!
  7. 7. Which Details Should NOT appear in our Summary? 0 ________ Six oil-soaked pelicans and one young sea lion were rehabilitated, officials said. 0 ________ Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency for Santa Barbara County. 0 ________ The Plains All American Pipeline has 175 federal safety and maintenance violations since 2006, responsible for more than 16,000 barrels in spills that have caused more than $23 million worth of property damage. 0 ________ The size of the spill is equivalent to the volume of water the average American residence uses in a year. 0 ________ According to its Twitterfeed, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife had more than 70 of its people in the field collecting oil and protecting shorebirds.
  8. 8. Which Details Should NOT appear in our Summary? 0 ___X____ Six oil-soaked pelicans and one young sea lion were rehabilitated, officials said. 0 ________ Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency for Santa Barbara County. 0 ___X____ The Plains All American Pipeline has 175 federal safety and maintenance violations since 2006, responsible for more than 16,000 barrels in spills that have caused more than $23 million worth of property damage. 0 ________ The size of the spill is equivalent to the volume of water the average American residence uses in a year. 0 ___X___ According to its Twitterfeed, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife had more than 70 of its people in the field collecting oil and protecting shorebirds.
  9. 9. Instead… 0 ___X____ Six oil-soaked pelicans and one young sea lion were rehabilitated, officials said. The spill harmed an undisclosed number of lobsters, fish, birds and other wildlife in the region. 0 ___X____ The Plains All American Pipeline has 175 federal safety and maintenance violations since 2006, responsible for more than 16,000 barrels in spills that have caused more than $23 million worth of property damage. Plains All American Pipeline, the oil company faulted for the spill, has been known to violate safety and maintenance restrictions in the past 0 ___X___ According to its Twitterfeed, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife had more than 70 of its people in the field collecting oil and protecting shorebirds. Multiple state and federal agencies came to rescue the area from this state of emergency, including the California Office of Emergency Services, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the U.S. Coast Guard
  10. 10. Now It’s Time to Set Up Your… SUMMARY/SOURCE CARD ENVIRONMENT: energy, damage POLITICS & GOV’T: big business, industry, regulations “Santa Barbara Oil Spill: Crude flowed ‘well below’ capacity in ruptured pipe” (Martinez, Vercammen, and Payne) CNN online, May 22, 2015 [NAME] FRONT of Card
  11. 11. Now It’s Time to Set Up Your… SUMMARY/SOURCE CARD WHO: Santa Barbara County residents, Plains All American Pipeline oil company WHERE (national): Santa Barbara coast, California SUMMARY: (insert here)____________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ BACK of Card
  12. 12. In May 2015, the coast of Santa Barbara, California, suffered its second major oil spill in history, with over 100,000 gallons of crude oil soaking the area. Multiple state and federal agencies came to rescue the area from this state of emergency, including the California Office of Emergency Services, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the U.S. Coast Guard, but the leak ravaged the beaches and Pacific Ocean water, harming an undisclosed number of lobsters, fish, birds and other wildlife in the region. According to CNN, the size of the spill was “equivalent to the volume of water the average American residence uses in a year.” Plains All American Pipeline, the oil company faulted for the spill, has been known to violate safety and maintenance restrictions in the past, and though they apologized for the incident, “the fact is that oil development is innately risky” no matter what regulations are in place. The article notes several other historical cases including Santa Barbara’s first spill in 1969, and the even larger Exxon Valdez and Deepwater Horizon spills of 1989 and 2010, respectively, to suggest that continued oil development will inevitably lead to more tragic spills like this recent one. (200 words) SAMPLE SUMMARY

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