Dates back to Spanish conquistadorsConquistadors from that time began the identity of daring, active masculinity through invasions and violent acts such as rape. The female Indians were seen as weak and passive, easily overcome by the strong and fearless conquistadors. Mexican gender role stereotypes came into being as colonization was completed and gender role tradition became rooted. Inequality set into motion as men enforced their control and women yielded into submission. Continuation of the aggressive domination has been the trend of generations after the Spanish conquistadors. Since then, marriage is divided based on gender for concepts like labor and economics where men are independent and women are dependantaggressive, sexist, chauvinistic, and hyper masculineThrough machismo, men feel strongly linked to their provider status. Being the breadwinner of the family sets them apart and qualifies him to be “the man”.
Any threat to the provider status questions his manliness and must therefore be eliminated. If the individual family or even the region the family lives in has economic troubles, men feel the force of the threat.
One option Mexican men believe will keep their status alive and with full power is by migrating into the United States. The women and children are left at home with promise of remittance, money earned in the US being sent back to provide for the family. Fifty percent of households in Mexico rely on remittance money sent from migrated husbands (Weist 1983). Wives and children do not migrate at times because the cost of maintenance for the family in the US is comparatively high Maintains machismo status
No guarentee husband coming back, not always doesIdeal woman image tarnishedtempting to break because there is an incredibly low chance that she would ever find outWives are afraid that their husbands will find another woman while in the States and have no desire to come back home to Mexico Reevaluation of large families occurs when unstable incomes make sufficient child care less capable and consideration of birth control use is transpires. Increased exposure to and education about birth control makes men afraid their wives will be more likely to commit adultery Primary income provider goneIn some cases, women admit they secretly pray for the husbands to get caught by the Immigration and Naturalization Service so the husband returns home and their safety is not compromised (Hondagneu-Sotelo 1994).
Remittances don’t always comeOne story- sent money twice in 12 years…$20 each time
Assembly lines- could be considered sweat shopCheap labor
No masks or gloves for toxic chemical work for technologymultiple women pass out while working from fumesOccurrences of lower wages and sexual harassment and rape reinstitute the dominance male supervisors have over the women Supplementary status is justification
Wife helpers---drain on resources than a source of assistanceWomen in familyNight clubs or beer houses
Find increased confidence and self esteemSpend income on what they wantDecreased dependancyHusband becomes more like guest in house when returns home for visits
Hollys Mexican Wives
The Impact of Migration on Mexican Wives Who Are Left Behind<br />Holly Leupp<br />WOST 310<br />Fall 2009<br />