Construction & Stone Industry Verticals Students Submissions


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Submitted by - Nauman Qureshi - Student of Mr Vikas Sharma - Visiting Lectuer at Accman Institute of Management

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Construction & Stone Industry Verticals Students Submissions

  1. 1. Stone industry
  2. 2. Outlook <ul><li>The ongoing process of liberalization has created a very encouraging atmosphere for Foreign Direct Investment in the mining sector of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Measures like setting up of Granite Development Council and Group on Marble Development for maintaining the natural resources in country. </li></ul><ul><li>With growing mechanization and technologic; up gradation, there is positive development towards growth of Indian stone machine and tools manufacturing sector. </li></ul><ul><li>The stone industry can get further momentum and come up to very good International Standards, if Central and State Governments further fine-tune their policy </li></ul><ul><li>With vast resources of dimensional stones at its disposal and an investor friendly policy framework already in place, the Dimensional Stone Industry should hopefully attract more and more investment, both, domestic & foreign by way of latest technology and finance. </li></ul><ul><li>In the backdrop of abovementioned facts, the Indian dimensional stone sector is definitely floating to scale new and impressive heights of growth in the years to come. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>India in the World Market </li></ul><ul><li>India is among the top ten mineral producing nations in the world . </li></ul><ul><li>It is one of the few major exporter of granites and marbles of various colors, besides other building stones. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important building stones in India are granites, sandstones, lime stones and marbles. </li></ul><ul><li>The usage of Natural stones in architecture gives the appearance of traditional creative value and the representation of status. Natural stones top all other building materials for its durability, timeless beauty and environmental rating. </li></ul><ul><li>Recent years have given rise to enormous popularity for stones as building materials. Usage of natural stones is found ranging from residential , administrative and also public buildings. Most airport projects in recent years have used granites as the flooring material. </li></ul><ul><li>The natural stone industry has been growing about 30 percent from 1990 in value terms. Both in the home and also the international front. </li></ul><ul><li>New suppliers keep entering  the market and this make the competition stiff. New entrants are encouraged by the increasing demand in the construction sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Certainly, the enhanced export scene is opening up fresh standpoint for the natural stone industry . </li></ul>
  4. 8. <ul><li>About Indian Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of stones are classified according to their- </li></ul><ul><li>Durability and hardness </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Amenability to dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance, weight, fineness of grain </li></ul><ul><li>Compactness and absorption </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Stone- S edimentary stone, granite, marble, quarts, slate etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sedimentary Stone Sedimentary stones are layered rocks, formed through the growth and solidification (process of becoming solid from liquid) which may originally be made up of raw materials, rock fragments, or animal or vegetable matter. These tiny sedimentary pieces break off from these elements and accumulate to form rock beds. They are bonded through millions of years of heat and pressure and include- </li></ul><ul><li>limestone </li></ul><ul><li>sandstone </li></ul>
  5. 9. <ul><li>Lime Stone - Lime Stone is a common sedimentary rock consisting mostly of calcium carbonate(CaCo3) used as building stone. It is generally used as lime stone tiles, lime stone slabs in flooring, wall cladding, vanity top, and to pave the floors of large commercial complexes, hospital, airports, shopping malls, railway stations, parks etc . </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh accounts to more than 32% of country's total limestone reserves. The state's limestone reserve is calculated to be nearly 93,623 million tones. </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF LIMESTON </li></ul>Kota blue Black kadappa Lime pink Kota brown Lime white Lime green
  6. 10. <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>'Kota Limestone' of Kota district </li></ul><ul><li>'Yellow Limestone' of Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan </li></ul><ul><li>Shahabad Stone of Bijapur </li></ul><ul><li>Gulbarga and Belgaum districts of Karnataka </li></ul><ul><li>'Cuddapah Stone' of Kurnool </li></ul><ul><li>Anantpur and Guntur districts of Andhra Pradesh; </li></ul><ul><li>'Milliolitic’ Limestone' from Saurashtra Region </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat; 'Yellow Limestone' of Kuchch district of Gujarat </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Exploitation of dimensional limestone is reported mainly from Karnataka and Rajasthan. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Kota Stone Brown Kota Stone Green / Kota Stone Blue Kota Stone Honey <ul><li>Kota Stone - The naturally available stones of Kota bear a different blend of shades that makes them look very attractive and colorful. Industry offers Kota stone slabs, blue (green) kota stone, Rough, polished and kota stone tiles. Kota Blue (Green) & Brown, a popular limestone, that makes a Best building stone because it can be fixed easily. The specialty of this limestone is in its hardness and it can be used both for interiors as well as exteriors. The polished surface finish shines like a mirror. It has minor color variation but within tolerance limit </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Unique to the region of Kota, the exclusive range of Kota stone is easily available in the natural surroundings. Made up of limestone. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Kota stones are usually preferred for interior decoration of an apartment. </li></ul><ul><li>The brightly colored stone slabs of Kota have a huge demand within and outside the state as well. </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>The Kota stones are used for- </li></ul><ul><li>cladding of the walls </li></ul><ul><li>decorating the floors </li></ul><ul><li>The use of the multicolored Kota stones add to the grace of the apartment. </li></ul><ul><li>The local inhabitants of Rajasthan prefer to use the stones from Kota as it makes the interior of the house very cool and keeps away the warmth. The durability and excellent quality of the Kota stone makes it one of the prominent industries in Kota. </li></ul><ul><li>The industry of Kota stone has helped the state to earn a large chunk of revenue. An important source of earning livelihood for the local inhabitants of Kota, the industry draws several employees from outside Rajasthan as well. </li></ul><ul><li>processing </li></ul><ul><li>The stones are cut into proper shapes and sizes by the employees of the stone industry. </li></ul><ul><li>After that the huge slabs of limestone are sprayed with chemicals to increase their durability and add to their brightness. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the traditional industries of the region, Kota stone has earned a unique place in the stone industries because of its- </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>natural blend of colors </li></ul><ul><li>that impart a heavenly look to the interior of a house </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Why Kota Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Kota Stone (Lime Stones) is recognized for its wide applications due to its durability and beautiful looking. Kota stone’s unique properties makes it an ideal stone for builders. It is essentially a dolomite stones. </li></ul><ul><li>Kota stone flooring is a fine blend of dignity and luxury giving the interior and exterior a gorgeous look. </li></ul><ul><li>Kota stones can be used in Exteriors, Pathways, Corridors, Driveways, Balconies, Commercial buildings etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Kota stones are hard, oil resistant, non water absorbent, non slippery and have excellent stone resolvability. They are available in slabs and tiles form. </li></ul><ul><li>They are available in different sizes of 30x30, 40x40, 30x60, 40x60, 60x60, 50 x50, 55x55, and 60x90. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the cheapest of other natural stones that can easily suit your budget. It costs around Rs. 30 to 35 a sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an excellent building stone for moist regions and freezing regions. Because the Kota stone floors are heavy, they are set on strong base. </li></ul><ul><li>Kota Stone is available in natural shades and can be given customized shapes. It can be cut and shaped as per the requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Various kota stone finishing are Natural-One side Honed, Both sides Honed, Hand Cut/Machine Cut/ Polished, Mirror Finish, Calibrated etc </li></ul>
  10. 14. Mining and Processing The mining of Kota stone is carried out by open cast manual methods and in some cases, the semi-mechanized method is also adopted. The Kota stone strata is found in the form of natural thickness ranging from 12 to 150mmor even more, thus, the mined out slabs are cut to size using hammer and chisel. The diamond saws are used to cut the tiles in required thickness & measurement. The tiles of Kota stone are available in various sizes and thickness to suit the requirements of various building projects. It requires- MAN POWER Besides, rich mines, core assets comprises of a staff of over people including- Mines Manager, Assistant mines manager, Mines foremen, Blasters cum mining mates, Mechanical engineers, Mechanical- foremen, Electrical supervisors, Mechanics, Welders, Electricians, Operators, Drivers, Clerical Staff & Supervisors
  11. 15. <ul><li>Mining Machineries The overburden in our open cast mines is being removed by deep hole blasting & heavy earth moving machineries. The machines deployed are as under. Excavators, Dumpers, Trucks, Mobile Cranes, Wagon Drills, Jack Hammers, Tractor Mounted Compressors, Tractor Mounted, Compressors, Wire Sawing Equipments, Ambulance, Explosive Van, Trolla, Staff Bus </li></ul>excavator-line crawler_drill for blasting Dumpers, Trucks, explosive Vans, Trolla, Staff bus, Tractors …
  12. 16. <ul><li>Stone Processing & Policing Units there must be total equipments for edge cutting, calibration, table polisher, ring polisher sawing equipments such as circular saws, gang saws etc. to meet all the demands of the buyers. </li></ul><ul><li>Work shop maintained a well equipped workshop under supervision of mechanical engineer & trained qualified staff for regular maintenance & repair of machineries at each mine site must be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol Pumps petrol pumps for regular supply of diesel for operating the machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines magazines in order to storage of explosive to be used in mines. The explosive van is used for local transportation of explosives. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight Bridge installing weight bridge for weighing the loaded trucks. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Stone cutting equipments <ul><li>Diamond Cutting Blade with the following product specification:- Feature:- Different specs for different usage, sharpness and durability is the strength of our products! Small disc dia. 105mm-250mm Edge cutting disc 300, 350, 400, 450, 500, 600 Small block cutting disc 800, 1000mm Large block cutting blade, 1200, 1600, 1800, 2000, 2500, 2800, 3000, 3500mm </li></ul>Stone cutting blade Diamond mixed Bits for cutting stones
  14. 18. Mines Transportation Cutting machine Polish machine Warehousing & Distribution Display
  15. 19. <ul><li>Sand Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone is a sedimentary rock group which is mostly made up of tiny grains of quartz. Most sandstone is formed in oceans, lakes and rivers where bits of rock and dirt settle to the bottom. Year after year, these layers of sand get buried under tons of more sand and dirt until it is turned into solid rock. Sandstone can be found in many colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of Sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing of plate glass, fine table glassware, and common glassware. </li></ul><ul><li>Rough and weathered sandstone is used as fireplaces, walls, and walkways. As decorative stones, clocks, paperweights, coaster, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>As flooring or paving material. </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone slabs and sandstone tiles are used in cladding. </li></ul><ul><li>In chemical industries as flooring, wall fixing and lining due to its acid and alkali resistant properties. </li></ul><ul><li>It is ideal for carving and architectural uses as pillars, arches, garden furniture, fountains, landscaping products and stone arts & crafts. </li></ul><ul><li>Sandstone blocks are used as foundations and stonewalls </li></ul>
  16. 20. Autumn brown Chocolate Lehariya green Mint Modak Jaisalmer yellow Types of Sand stone
  17. 21. Marble <ul><li>Marble , the other name for luxury . This ornamental rock is extensively used in homes, offices, hotels, commercial and public buildings etc. as floorings, fire place facings, furnishings, statues, figurines etc. for creating a sophisticated ambience. Its water resistant and durable surface ensures its usage for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Some well-known benefits using marble are: </li></ul><ul><li>Stunning look and feel, </li></ul><ul><li>Easy and effective cleaning, and </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance of marbles in interior </li></ul><ul><li>decoration </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>Durability – The Most Important Aspect of All Natural Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Resistance – Another Attribute of Natural Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Resistance – Another Reason behind Increasing Use of Natural Stones </li></ul>Types of marbles Katni Plain green Onex white Royal brown
  19. 23. Granite <ul><li>multicolor varieties of granite can be easily seen in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. </li></ul><ul><li>India has a huge reserves of one of the best quality of granite with varied varieties, having more than 200 shades. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 20% of world's granite is found in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The nation holds the no.1 rank as a largest granite and granite products exporter world wide. </li></ul><ul><li>Granite is the most common choice. Since granite is highly speckled, it varies greatly in color depending on the range of the minerals present and the location of the quarry. </li></ul><ul><li>When the mica in granite is white, it is known as muscovite. </li></ul><ul><li>when it is dark it is biolite. </li></ul><ul><li>In certain types of granite, hornblende is an important ingredient and it may be even more abundant than the micas. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to its chemistry, granite is a much harder stone. It doesn't scratch as easily and rarely needs heavy-duty grinding .. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Very antique use of stone Paving, bounding, flooring Artificial waterfall Tables & chairs Antique aquarium Antique fountains
  21. 25. Swot analysis of stone industry <ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced technology- Quarries have transformed tremendously by technologically upgrading the productivity and quality. India is the third largest producer of natural stones </li></ul><ul><li>Granite - huge reserves of one of the best quality of granite with varied varieties, having more than 200 shades. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 20% of world's granite is found in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The only country from where all dominant granite colors like Black, White, Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Brown, Violet etc. are available. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian monuments - world’s most renowned monuments found in India, posses world’s best architectures. </li></ul><ul><li>natural stones- India hold affluent resources for producing the world class natural stones. </li></ul><ul><li>TILES -continue to experience a stiff competition in terms of price and demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Up gradation- Industry demands using of scientific ways, quarrying practices in upgrading its sector. The industry should adopt more latest technology for curtailing down its cost and finally improving its quality. </li></ul><ul><li>The government's policies are somehow remain unsatisfactory in keeping the Indian stone industry on a positive note. </li></ul><ul><li>Time-consuming manual synchronization of data </li></ul><ul><li>Very less number of retail outlets. </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient promotional activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailability of catalogues and websites . </li></ul>
  22. 26. Swot analysis of stone industry <ul><li>Opportunity- The nation holds the no.1 rank as a largest granite and granite products exporter world wide. </li></ul><ul><li>Export capacity- India has more than 11% export share in world's total stone export. It produces more than 27% of the total stones produced in throughout the world . </li></ul><ul><li>More than 20% of world's granite is found in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian monuments -are supplied in more than 25 nations throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>natural stones- India is the third largest producer of natural stones </li></ul><ul><li>natural stone sector is the second largest exporter after iron ore </li></ul><ul><li>The major stone consuming countries have fully recognized the Indian expertise and capability in supplying the required qualities and quantities. </li></ul><ul><li>Threats- </li></ul><ul><li>Indian industry holds less than 10% share in world market. In spite of holding a vast natural resources of stones and a pool of good craftsmen, the Indian stone industry is facing stiff competition from China . </li></ul><ul><li>The height of China's stone market is increasing day by day due to the positive outcome of its- </li></ul><ul><li>government policy </li></ul><ul><li>low cost funding </li></ul><ul><li>Natural stone is exporting several million tones in bulk form, the contribution of the stone industry is definitely creditable and it deserves further encouragement and support of the Government and the financial , but it is not sufficient. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Thank you Presented By- Nauman Qureshi