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Supportive Statement on the slogan “Stop Religious Minorities cleansing”
Prepared by: Jhuma Halder
Preamble:
“There is no ...
for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion”
and 55 (C) provides “universa...
Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination based on Religion or
Belief of 1981 (Art – 2), and the Conve...
References:
1. The People’s Republic of Bangladesh Constitution
2. Black’s Law Dictionary
3. United Nations Charter of 194...
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Supportive_Statement_on_the_slogan.(final)

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Supportive_Statement_on_the_slogan.(final)

  1. 1. Supportive Statement on the slogan “Stop Religious Minorities cleansing” Prepared by: Jhuma Halder Preamble: “There is no God but God in human being” – The human mind moves forward and religion being the chief hand of human society. Religion is a faith established by some gospel or saint or prophet. It also expects to keep human society united. Therefore, it should be itself a united force. There is no satisfactory universal definition of the term minority. Nonetheless, the word majority and minority are used by proportionate differences among different religions. The absence of a definition has neither precluded standard setting or promotional activities nor hindered the establishment and work of the working groups on minorities. It is undoubtedly confess that all the majority and minorities is human being. Rights based approach: According to Black’s Law Dictionary the definition of minorities is a group of people- differentiation in some respect (such as race or religious belief) from the majority and that is sometimes treated differently as a result a member of such group. It may be applied to a group of people that has been traditionally discriminated against or socially suppressed even if its members are in the numerical majority in an area. In Bangladesh context article 28 and 29 of Bangladesh Constitution, there is a word “under privileged”, “disadvantaged people” belonging to religious and ethnic group of people, marginalized and socially and economically victims of unequal application of laws and also for “backward section” of citizens. The rights of persons belonging to minorities is defined by the International Conventions, such as United Nations Charter of 1945 Article-1 (3) says : “To achieve international co- operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and Page 1
  2. 2. for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion” and 55 (C) provides “universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion”. Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 Article -2 “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty”. International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights Art 2 (1) “Each State Party to the present Covenant undertakes to respect and to ensure to all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction the rights recognized in the present Covenant, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status” and International Covenants on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 Art -2: (2) “The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to guarantee that the rights enunciated in the present Covenant will be exercised without discrimination of any kind as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status”. ILO Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation no – 111 of 1958 Art – 2 “Each Member for which this Convention is in force undertakes to declare and pursue a national policy designed to promote, by methods appropriate to national conditions and practice, equality of opportunity and treatment in respect of employment and occupation, with a view to eliminating any discrimination in respect thereof”. International Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Racial Discrimination of Education of 1960 Art – 1(1) “In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life”. UNESCO Convention against Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice of 1978 (Art – 1, 2 and 3), Declaration on the Page 2
  3. 3. Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination based on Religion or Belief of 1981 (Art – 2), and the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 (Art-2) non-discrimination provisions are contained. Bangladesh has some obligations to bring national laws as well as administrative and legal practice into line with their provisions. In addition, States undertake to submit periodic reports the legislative, judicial, policy and other measures which they have taken to ensure the enjoyment of interalia the minority specific rights contained in the relevant instruments. But in practical scenario the State directly or indirectly patronized dominant ethnic or religious or cultural groups by way of enacting insensitive laws, maneuvering justice delivery system and exploiting existing political system, thereby, leaving the minority groups at the most vulnerable stage. All these minority groups, on the basis of religion, culture and linguafera are somehow marginalized in our society. On the other hand, Bangladesh, as an Asian country, is facing various problems, like over population, poverty, illiteracy, health related issues, struggling for establishing democracy. From 90’s of the last century, some initiatives have already been taken to improve the human rights situation in Asia and Pacific region. In continuation of this improvement and enjoyment of fundamental human rights of the all citizens of Bangladesh enacted many supportive laws while the Constitution was enforced. Some of those laws are ensuring human rights of different section of the society protected and guaranteed fundamental freedoms of Bangladesh ethnic and religious minorities. However, now-a-days such freedoms are bearing no values in the absence of economic development and social stability of the ethnic and religious minorities in Bangladesh. Now the implementation of human rights in Bangladesh ethnic and religious minorities was precluded by the fifth amendment of the constitution at a top of the preamble ‘a religious word “Bismillahir Rahamanir Rahim”. At the same time, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Constitution does not explain the meaning of “backward sections of the people” (article – 14 : Emancipation of peasants and workers). As a result, the fundamental freedoms are not guaranteed at all levels as per international law because of 8th Amendment of the constitution. Page 3
  4. 4. References: 1. The People’s Republic of Bangladesh Constitution 2. Black’s Law Dictionary 3. United Nations Charter of 1945 4. Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 5. International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights 6. International Covenants on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 7. ILO Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation no – 111 of 1958 8. International Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Racial Discrimination of Education of 1960 9. UNESCO Convention against Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice of 1978 10. Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination based on Religion or Belief of 1981 11. Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 12. Human Rights, Minority Rights Fact Sheet No – 18 (Rev – 1) -50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights – 1948 -1998 13. Samad, Saleem, “State of Minorities in Bangladesh, from Secular to Islamic Hegemony, Country paper presented at “ Regional Consultation on Minority Rights in South Asia” – 20 -22 August – 1998, Katmandu, Nepal Organized by South Asian Forum for Human Rights (SAFHR) Katmandu. Page 4

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