Japan – Is one of the most developed countries in
the world with a thousand–year history, distinctive
culture and traditions…
Japan is one of the most developed countries in the
world with a thousand–year history, distinctive culture
and traditions. This is a country of contrasts: rice-
growing rural hinterland and multimillion-dollar Tokyo,
Buddhist monks and fashion-obsessed teenagers,
solemn religious rituals and the noise of patinko
gambling halls, exquisite temple architecture and
multi-storey concrete boxes.
Japan is located in East Asia, on 6852 islands. The
largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and
Shikoku, which make up 97% of the entire
territory. The Japanese archipelago originates
from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north and
extends far south to the East China Sea and the
island of Taiwan. Despite the relatively small area
– 377,944 km2, the country is densely populated.
According to 2018 data, 126,225,000 people live
here. According to this indicator, small Japan is
inferior to huge Russia by only 17.2 million
The unofficial name of Japan, often found in the press, is the
Land of the Rising Sun. The Japanese themselves widely use the
name "Nihon" in everyday life, which translates as "The
Birthplace of the Sun".
The daylight only once, back in 1945, faded over Hiroshima
and Nagasaki – two cities that became targets for American
atomic bombs that claimed thousands of lives.
The first people settled on the Japanese islands during the Paleolithic. During
this period, the surface of the Earth was covered by glaciers, and the water
level differed from the current one by a hundred meters, so there was just a
vast valley on the site of the Sea of Japan. Land isthmuses connected the
territory of the future archipelago with the mainland.
Then the glaciers melted, the level of the world ocean increased, part of the
Japanese territory was flooded, and a group of sea islands – an archipelago -
was formed. The climate has warmed up, the sea currents have changed
direction, and the steppe here has been replaced by forest thickets.
In the first millennium BC, the Japanese borrowed the technology of irrigation
rice cultivation from the inhabitants of the continent. For this purpose, the
valleys near the plain area river were populated. The first village communities
appeared, jointly cultivating rice fields.
Among the new skills of the population, it
should be noted the ability to make ceramic
dishes for cooking and storing food – narrow
high pitchers decorated with a special lace
ornament, "dzemon". He was present on the
dishes up to the II century BC and gave the
name to this historical period..
In the Middle Ages, it's time for samurai in Nippon. A power
struggle begins between their families, and the Taira wins it.
The defeated Minamoto clan formed their opposition. The
struggle did not subside, and later the Minamoto overthrew
the rule of the Taira.
In the XII century, the institution of the shogunate was
formed, and a dual power developed in medieval Japan: the
Kyoto emperor and the shogun – in Kamakura, who
represented the interests of the samurai. Samurai and
ordinary people are becoming interested in Buddhism. The
Jodo sect, which preached Amidaism, is popular among
The following schools of Japanese Buddhism are also
In the XVIII-XIX, the authority of the shogunate was
shaken, and the restoration of imperial power took
place with the help of Emperor Meiji. The five-
hundred-year rule of the shoguns is over. Since then,
Japan has become a world-class industrial power.The
country has experienced ups and downs, periods of
militaristic sentiments and expansionism. Now Japan
is heading for liberal democracy and is among the
most influential countries in the world with a high
level of technology and economic development.
Although Japan is a small country, it has as many as six
climatic zones. The temperature regime ranges from fairly
cool in the north to subtropical in the southern regions.
Climatic indicators directly depend on seasonal movements
of atmospheric air. Seasonal winds also determine the
weather in the Pacific Ocean area. This area is characterized
by rare snowfalls, but winters are cold.
Summers are usually humid and hot due to the influence of
the seasonal south-easterly wind. In the extreme southwest,
as already noted, a subtropical climate prevails. Winter is
warm here, and summer is hot. There is a high level of
precipitation, and even there is a rainy season. Typhoons are
Mount Fuji is a symbol of
Japan, it is also called sacred
(Fujisan). A Shinto temple has been
erected on its slopes, a weather
station and a post office have been
equipped. Mount Fujiyama is the
highest point in Japan, this status
has earned its peak Kengamine.
The mountain is located on the island of
Honshu, 90 km southwest of the capital, its
height is 3776 meters. Fujiyama is well
recognizable due to its symmetrical cone. This
volcano is loved to photograph and is often
depicted on souvenirs or paintings. Annually
Fujiyama conquers more than 200 thousand
people, spending 5-8 hours on the ascent
(descent usually takes less time).
But the main symbol of the capital is the Tokyo
Tower, whose height is 332.6 meters. The
structure was designed "with an eye" to the
Eiffel Tower in Paris: its structure is the same
lattice. She appeared 69 years later than her
French "sister". The TV tower in Tokyo has
become the embodiment of the most modern
technologies. Its observation decks offer
stunning views not only of the city, but also of
the surrounding area. There are shops and
restaurants where you can shop and eat
17 million tons
The Japanese eat more fish than
other people in the world - over
17 million tons per year.
The downside of a long life is a
low birth rate and demographic
crisis. Experts have seriously
taken up this problem, as it is
estimated that in 2050 the
country's population will reach
Japan is located on islands, of
which there are more than 6800
in total. However, there are only
four of the largest among them,
and the largest cities of the
country are located on them.
Japanese trains are recognized as the
most punctual in the world. On
average, their maximum delay is only