12 Quality Criteria For People Places Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011
Livability starts with understanding peoplesbehavior and needs
Cultures are different…
Climates are differentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehl...
The way people inhabit and use space is very much the sameGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4....
We must understand people to improve citiesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Co...
Pedestrians are invisible in theplanning processLots of data on vehicular traffic• Always Traffic Departments withdata abo...
Data is keyPublic Space - Public Life surveysMany of the reports can be downloaded as PDF-files on our websitewww.gehlarch...
We are walking animalswith a ground speed of 3 km/h
All our senses are important
We use all of our senses in the experience ofthe environment The “long distance” sense75% of all impressions are through e...
We use all of our sensesThe “mediumrange” sense                    Hearing
We use all of our sensesThe “short range” sense 0-1 m                      Smell
We use all of our sensesThe “close range” sense 0m                             Touch
We experience the environment at eye level
Eye-levels vary – from a small child
To a grown up
We need a lot of stimulus1000 stimulus per hour =1 per every 4 seconds
The basis is a set of quality criteria
12 quality criteriaPROTECTION
Pedestrians should beprotected against trafficaccidents …
Pedestrians should beprotected againsttraffic accidents …
Pedestrians should be protectedagainst traffic accidents …
Create safe conditions for pedestrians                                                                                    ...
Pedestrians should be offered a safe environmentfree of traffic accidents Separate systems give no security and do not fee...
Pedestrians should be offered a safe environment free of traffic accidents75% of all streets in Barcelona are 30km/h streets
Pedestrians should be offered a safeenvironment free of crime and violence
People should feel safe
Pedestrians should be offered protection against         unpleasant climatic conditions           Prioritise comfort – cre...
People should be offered protection against unpleasantclimatic conditions
12 quality criteria  COMFORT
WalkingCreate good conditions for pedestrians - so they can move freely
Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. ...
Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment – avoid obstacles RotterdamAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urba...
Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. ...
Something to experience along the wayAvoid long straight and closed facades                                               ...
Something to experiencealong the way                                                              39                      ...
Something to experience along the wayRibe, Denmark – Children’s toy marketGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl...
Avoid obstaclesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchite...
Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment                        Chaing Mai, Thailand                      ...
Not the most inviting place to walkfor anyone                                      Athens, Greece
Create good conditions for pedestriansNot too narrow….or filled up with parked cars                               Belgrade...
People want to go directNew York
People want to go directFlorence, Italy
Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment - Avoid obstaclesUK Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. ...
Avoidstairs                                                                        MexicoGehl Architects · Urban Quality C...
People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitAvoid long· Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1...
People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitSydney, Australia Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Cope...
People should be offered possibilities to sit Avoid odd and cold materialsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl...
People should be offered possibilities to sitMontevideo, Uruguay  Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongev...
People should be offered possibilities to sit     But what about the children?Copenhagen  Gehl Architects · Urban Quality ...
Seating for childrenChairs in children Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk  ...
Sit the way you want2000 moveable chairs in Bryant Park N.YGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4...
Children use alternative seatingLondon  Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copen...
The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit                                                Fine City for PeopleGe...
The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit                                                Fine City for PeopleGe...
People should be offered a good view Avoid placing towards dull surroundingsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · ...
Looking at other people is always a favourite Make it possible to enjoy the viewCopenhagen, Denmark  Gehl Architects · Urb...
People should be offered a noise free environmentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1...
People should be offered a noise free environment    So you can talk togetherCortona, Italy Quality Consultants · Gl. Kong...
Talk-scapes  seating for socializingMelbourne, Australia
Talk-scapes  seating for socializingBryant Park, N.Y.
The space should be inviting for people activities  Avoid mono-functional useGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants ·...
The space should be inviting for people activities                                                                        ...
The space should be inviting for people activitiesFrederiksberg,Denmark · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv...
12 quality criteriaENJOYMENT
Spaces should relate to a human scale                                                                                     ...
Spaces should relate to a human scaleAvoid largeoversizedpublic spaces                                                    ...
Spaces should relate to a human scale                                                                                     ...
Spaces should provide sun …                                                                                         Copenh...
… or shade……  depending on  the local  climateGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610...
A space should be inviting and well designed                                                                              ...
A space should be well designed Trees, plants, water and quality and detailingJapan                                       ...
A space should be inviting and well designed                                                                              ...
When the 12 qualities have been applied to a space         - A good balance can be achieved         - We can still make “1...
The 12 quality criteria are described in the book                                   New City Life                         ...
12 Quality Criteria Mapping the environment Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011
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  1. 1. 12 Quality Criteria For People Places Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011
  2. 2. Livability starts with understanding peoplesbehavior and needs
  3. 3. Cultures are different…
  4. 4. Climates are differentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  5. 5. The way people inhabit and use space is very much the sameGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  6. 6. We must understand people to improve citiesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  7. 7. Pedestrians are invisible in theplanning processLots of data on vehicular traffic• Always Traffic Departments withdata about vehicular traffic• constantly new models,marketing, high speed, noise,pollution, organisations etc.No data on pedestrians• same old model, no marketing,low speed, small size, nopollution, usually no organisationsetc• No city department for PublicLife
  8. 8. Data is keyPublic Space - Public Life surveysMany of the reports can be downloaded as PDF-files on our websitewww.gehlarchitects.dk
  9. 9. We are walking animalswith a ground speed of 3 km/h
  10. 10. All our senses are important
  11. 11. We use all of our senses in the experience ofthe environment The “long distance” sense75% of all impressions are through eyesight Seeing
  12. 12. We use all of our sensesThe “mediumrange” sense Hearing
  13. 13. We use all of our sensesThe “short range” sense 0-1 m Smell
  14. 14. We use all of our sensesThe “close range” sense 0m Touch
  15. 15. We experience the environment at eye level
  16. 16. Eye-levels vary – from a small child
  17. 17. To a grown up
  18. 18. We need a lot of stimulus1000 stimulus per hour =1 per every 4 seconds
  19. 19. The basis is a set of quality criteria
  20. 20. 12 quality criteriaPROTECTION
  21. 21. Pedestrians should beprotected against trafficaccidents …
  22. 22. Pedestrians should beprotected againsttraffic accidents …
  23. 23. Pedestrians should be protectedagainst traffic accidents …
  24. 24. Create safe conditions for pedestrians But not like this!Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  25. 25. Pedestrians should be offered a safe environmentfree of traffic accidents Separate systems give no security and do not feel safeGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  26. 26. Pedestrians should be offered a safe environment free of traffic accidents75% of all streets in Barcelona are 30km/h streets
  27. 27. Pedestrians should be offered a safeenvironment free of crime and violence
  28. 28. People should feel safe
  29. 29. Pedestrians should be offered protection against unpleasant climatic conditions Prioritise comfort – create shelter
  30. 30. People should be offered protection against unpleasantclimatic conditions
  31. 31. 12 quality criteria COMFORT
  32. 32. WalkingCreate good conditions for pedestrians - so they can move freely
  33. 33. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  34. 34. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment – avoid obstacles RotterdamAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  35. 35. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  36. 36. Something to experience along the wayAvoid long straight and closed facades 38Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  37. 37. Something to experiencealong the way 39 Avoid long straight and closed facadesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  38. 38. Something to experience along the wayRibe, Denmark – Children’s toy marketGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  39. 39. Avoid obstaclesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Italy
  40. 40. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment Chaing Mai, Thailand Rijeka, CroatiaAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  41. 41. Not the most inviting place to walkfor anyone Athens, Greece
  42. 42. Create good conditions for pedestriansNot too narrow….or filled up with parked cars Belgrade, Serbia UK
  43. 43. People want to go directNew York
  44. 44. People want to go directFlorence, Italy
  45. 45. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment - Avoid obstaclesUK Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl
  46. 46. Avoidstairs MexicoGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  47. 47. People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitAvoid long· Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects straight and closed facades
  48. 48. People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitSydney, Australia Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Edinburgh, UK
  49. 49. People should be offered possibilities to sit Avoid odd and cold materialsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  50. 50. People should be offered possibilities to sitMontevideo, Uruguay Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  51. 51. People should be offered possibilities to sit But what about the children?Copenhagen Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  52. 52. Seating for childrenChairs in children Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Quality size in Bryant Park N.Y
  53. 53. Sit the way you want2000 moveable chairs in Bryant Park N.YGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  54. 54. Children use alternative seatingLondon Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  55. 55. The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit Fine City for PeopleGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  56. 56. The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit Fine City for PeopleGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  57. 57. People should be offered a good view Avoid placing towards dull surroundingsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  58. 58. Looking at other people is always a favourite Make it possible to enjoy the viewCopenhagen, Denmark Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  59. 59. People should be offered a noise free environmentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  60. 60. People should be offered a noise free environment So you can talk togetherCortona, Italy Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Montevideo, Uruguay
  61. 61. Talk-scapes seating for socializingMelbourne, Australia
  62. 62. Talk-scapes seating for socializingBryant Park, N.Y.
  63. 63. The space should be inviting for people activities Avoid mono-functional useGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  64. 64. The space should be inviting for people activities Lyon, FranceGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  65. 65. The space should be inviting for people activitiesFrederiksberg,Denmark · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects
  66. 66. 12 quality criteriaENJOYMENT
  67. 67. Spaces should relate to a human scale Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  68. 68. Spaces should relate to a human scaleAvoid largeoversizedpublic spaces Oerestad, Denmark Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  69. 69. Spaces should relate to a human scale Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  70. 70. Spaces should provide sun … Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  71. 71. … or shade…… depending on the local climateGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Italy
  72. 72. A space should be inviting and well designed Raise the standard and the maintenanceGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  73. 73. A space should be well designed Trees, plants, water and quality and detailingJapan Vancouver Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  74. 74. A space should be inviting and well designed Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  75. 75. When the 12 qualities have been applied to a space - A good balance can be achieved - We can still make “100 % places”
  76. 76. The 12 quality criteria are described in the book New City Life Copenhagen 2005 Gehl, Gemzøe, Kirknæs&Søndergaa rd
  77. 77. 12 Quality Criteria Mapping the environment Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011

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