COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS A countable noun is a word which describes a concept that is considered as a unit. When a part of it disappears we think it is broken, cut, … For example: a dog two apples six chairs some firemen the train sausages lemon tree unit
COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS An uncountable noun is a word which describes a concept that is considered as part of a mass. unit to measure them. For example: water bread rice chocolate a a a a So we need an external litre of water loaf of bread kilo of rice bar of chocolate
ARTICLES USED WITH COUNTABLE NOUNS Demonstrative articles: They show how near or how far the object is according to the speaker’s point of view. Near Singular Plural This These This pencil is broken. These people are from China. Far Singular Plural That Those Can you see that aeroplane? I don’t meet those teachers.
ARTICLES USED WITH COUNTABLE NOUNS Definite articles: They point an element known by the speaker and the listener. the As it is an adjective, it doesn’t change. It qualifies singular or plural nouns, masculine or femenine ones. The King The Princess The books The girls
ARTICLES USED WITH COUNTABLE NOUNS Undefinite articles: They point an element of a group that it is not known by the speaker. Singular a an (before a consonat) (before a vowel) a dog a hen an ant an hour Plural some any (in affirmative sentences) (in negative or interrogative sentences) I usually see some neighbours at the supermarket. Sue doesn’t download any computer games. Are there any sweets in the cupboard?
ARTICLES USED WITH UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Uncountable nouns need a external unit to be measured. So they are always singular nouns. No uncountable noun ends in ‘-s’. some any (in affirmative sentences) (in negative or interrogative sentences) There is some olive oil in the bottle. We need some rice for dinner. Sorry, I don’t want any cake. Did you buy any vinegar?.
QUANTIFIERS They give us an undefinite but clear reference of the quantity or number of elements of the noun they qualify. COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE a lot of a lot of many much how many …? how much …? a few a little no no + -
QUANTIFIERS COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE There are a lot of good students here. He drinks a lot of milk. I’ve got many CDs. She doesn’t eat much chocolate. How many children do you have? How much (money) does it cost? The plane will land in a few minutes. There is a little homework to do. There is no child in the park. I need no sugar for this cake.