Sexual deviations short


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Sexual deviations short

  1. 1. Sexual deviations Radoslav Blaho Karol Kleinmann Ivana Kozúbková Translated and updated by Branislav Chrenka & Ezgi Ince
  2. 2. Quiz <ul><li>Acousticofilia is a sex ual arou sal from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>undressing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(apodysofilia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>certain sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(algolagnia) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question n o .2 <ul><li>Autogynefilia is a sexual a rousal fro m : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dressing as woman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>picturing one’s own death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(autoassassinofilia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self mutilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(autobasiofilia) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Question n o .3 <ul><li>Dacryfilia is a sexual arou sal from : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>paying for sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(chrematistofilia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>watching animals’ copulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(faunoifilia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>licking the tears </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Question n o .4 <ul><li>Fecofilia is a sexual arou sal from : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>excrements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(coprofilia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>watching the defecation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vomiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(emetofilia, or vomerofilia) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Question n o .5 <ul><li>Sitofilic: </li></ul><ul><li>Must use the food during t he sex </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers sexual intercourse with br ead </li></ul><ul><li>(Yeastality) </li></ul><ul><li>Is aroused by stuff animals or p eople dressed in animals costum es </li></ul><ul><li>(Plushophilia) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Introduction <ul><li>When is the sexual act ivity considered as n ormal an d when it is already a devi ation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it inborn disposition or are t he deviations caused by ed u cation , family, experiences ? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we treat a s exual deviat ion ? </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is normal and what is devi ant? <ul><li>The basic starting point of deviations’ d efinition is more concrete delim itation of t he sexual preferences which a re considered as normal . </li></ul><ul><li>The deviant sexual focu s and behaviour will t h en be the o ne that will yaw from such arbitrarily c h osen limits . </li></ul>
  9. 9. We can consider normal such activities that are agreed on among psychosexually and somatosexually mature and directly non-bloodlined partners, and that do not lead to their psychic or physical harm.
  10. 10. Definition of sexual deviation according to the Intern ational Classification of Disea ses <ul><li>F 65 - disorders of sexual preference - parafilias </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>An individual repeatedly experiences in tensive sexual desires and fantasies which are li nked to unusual objects or activities </li></ul><ul><li>An individual whether accommo dates these desires or is obviously annoy ed by them </li></ul><ul><li>The preference is present fo r at least 6 months </li></ul>
  11. 11. Classification Basically we distinguish 2 ty pes of sexual deviations:
  12. 12. Exhibitionism <ul><li>One of the most frequent d eviation , the deviant person is sexually aroused by exposing himself/herself naked in front of unknown individuals . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Froteurism and Toucherism <ul><li>Fro t teur - sexual arous al from rub bing the unknown individuals in pu blic crow ded places </li></ul><ul><li>Toucheur - sexually aroused by touching the intimate areas of unknown indivi duals . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Voyeurism <ul><li>Sexual arousal by w atch ing intima te activities of unaware anonymous indi viduals </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pathological sexual agre s ivity <ul><li>Arousal is reached by fighting the resistance of anonymous woman a nd minimalization of their „coop eration “ </li></ul><ul><li>Among most dangerous </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sadism <ul><li>Subject is sexually a roused wh en torturing, tota lly dominat ing and contro ling the sex ual partner </li></ul><ul><li>The dominatio n and torture can be b oth physical and psycho logical </li></ul>
  17. 17. Maso chism <ul><li>Subject is sexually aroused when being tortured and dominated </li></ul><ul><li>The subject needs to feel his/her own humiliation and suffering to reach the sexual satisfaction </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fetishism <ul><li>Sexually arousal by using or thinking about inanimate objects or viewing a particular part of the body </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pedo philia <ul><li>S exual fantasies, urges or beha viour involving children under 1 4 years old. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Approaches <ul><li>Soci a l -constructivistic approach </li></ul><ul><li>Es s encialist ic approach </li></ul>„ The environment is to blame !“ The genes are to blame !“
  21. 21. <ul><li>Normal sexual reactivity is con ditioned by influence of multiple hormones </li></ul><ul><li>An assumption that sex and agr ession are mediated by identical neural structures, namely in dienceph alon and frontal lobe (Zvolský and al., 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>An assumption, that human sexual beh aviour is influ enced by past experience (Ford & Beach, 1951) </li></ul><ul><li>underline causal role of psychotraumatizing ev ents during the childhood and adolescence of a sexual delinquent and also characteristics of his family </li></ul>
  22. 22. References: <ul><li>GRAHAM, J. T., CRIGHTON, D. 1996. Psychology for Forensic Practitioners . New York: Routledge, 1996. p.146- 159. ISBN 0- 415-12888-9 </li></ul><ul><li>ROSENTHAL, D. 1971 Genetics of Psychopathology . New York: McGraw- Hill Book Company, 1971. p. 130-132. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaplan’s Textbooks of Psychiatry </li></ul>