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Fgm final


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Fgm final

  1. 1. Awakening call!! FGM The
  2. 2. <ul><li>You think all children are Happy? </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Discover another side of this world… </li></ul>
  4. 9. STOP FGM
  5. 10. <ul><li>It’s not always rainbows and butterflies! </li></ul>
  6. 11. Say NO to FGM
  7. 12. Female Genital Mutilation
  8. 13. Total or partial removal of the external female genitalia for non-therapeutic reasons What is it?
  9. 14. <ul><li>1 00 to 140 million women and girls </li></ul>Prevalence and incidence worldwide <ul><li>3 million new cases each year </li></ul><ul><li>5000 to 6000 young girls every day </li></ul>
  10. 16. Classification (WHO, 1997)
  11. 17. Type I: Excision of the prepuce with or without excision of part or all of the clitoris
  12. 19. Type I I : Excision of the prepuce and clitoris together with partial or total excision of the labia minora
  13. 22. Type II I: Excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching to narrow the vulvar orifice (infibulation)
  14. 26. 16 month old baby
  15. 27. Type I V : U nclassified (piercing, stretching…)
  16. 29. Reasons given: <ul><li>M arriage </li></ul>Sexual differentiation Fertility Hygiene A esthetics Premarital virginity Honour Male s exual pleasur e Religion Social acceptance Rite of passage Source of income for excisors
  17. 32. Immediate Complications S epticaemia Severe pain H aemorrhage U rinary retention I nfection A bscess
  18. 34. Gynaecological Complications Dyspareunia Laceration and haematoma on penetration Painful scars A norgasmia K eloid scar s Chronic Irritation P oor urinary flow P ainful micturition R ecurrent UTIs Dermoid cysts
  19. 36. Obstetric Complications : Need for Caesarian Section P ost-partum haemorrhage N eonatal death Difficulty with vaginal examinations Need for defibulation Anterior midline episiotomy
  20. 38. WHO Statement <ul><li>'[ FGM ] violates a person's rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment ' </li></ul>
  21. 39. Let us