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The Causes And Results Of Diabetes Development


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The Causes And Results Of Diabetes Development

  1. 1. β-cells of pancreas make up 65-80% of the cells in the areas called the islets of Langerhans.
  2. 2. β-cells make and release INSULIN 1. enables cells to absorb glucose in order to turn it into energy;   2. controls the level of glucose in the blood.
  3. 3. Viral infections ( Koksaki B4 , parotitis epidemica, rubella virus ets.) Autoantibodies ( autoimmune diseases ) Some chemicals and drugs Trauma Alcohol ets.
  4. 4. β-cells damage!
  5. 5.   sugar level increases in the blood stream Main symptoms:   1. fatigue; 2. increased hunger; 3. excessive thirst along with frequent urination; 4. weight loss; 5. nausea and vomiting.          
  6. 6. Diabetes Type 1 autoimmune Type 2 secondary diabetes, caused by viral disease, drugs, trauma ets.
  7. 7. monitoring of  glycemic state of the body  (blood glucose)
  8. 8. Treatment goals: 1. Dietary management;   2. Exercises;   3. Antidiabetic drugs               - Oral drugs ,           -Injectable peptide analogs,         -Insulin preparations.