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Unexpected pregnancy

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HE 210 OL
Chapter 19 By: Jessica Robinson

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Unexpected pregnancy

  1. 1. Unexpected Pregnancy<br /> Chapter 19<br /> By: Jessica Robinson<br />
  2. 2. Statistics<br />“Almost half of all women become pregnant without planning” (p.381)<br />More than 3 million unintended pregnancies occur every year in the U.S.<br />3 million American women use no form of contraceptives and account for 47% of unintended pregnancies<br />The highest rate of unintended pregnancies can be found in women over the age of forty (about 50% of pregnancies)<br />
  3. 3. Early Signs of Pregnancy<br />A missed, lighter, or shorter menstrual period than usual<br />Breast tenderness or enlargement<br />Nipple sensitivity<br />Frequent urination<br />Feeling unusually tired<br />Nausea and/or vomiting<br />Feeling bloated<br />Cramps<br />Increased or decreased appetite<br />Feeling more emotional than usual<br />(p.382)<br />
  4. 4. Worried that you could be pregnant?<br />Try to pin point the first day of your last period<br />Take a pregnancy test<br />At home pregnancy tests are used to test urination and can be found at most drugstores <br />Urine and blood tests are offered at family planning clinics, women’s health centers, and medical offices<br />Keep in mind that some places offer free testing in order to counsel patients and scare them away from abortion<br />For your own health and the health of your potential child it is best to find out sooner rather than later, even if you’re scared of the result<br />There are more options (and more time to consider your options) when a pregnancy is discovered early<br />
  5. 5. Negative Test<br />If you’re relieved, you should consider your previous methods of contraception and pinpoint what might have cause this pregnancy scare.<br />If you were hoping for a positive test you should begin to look into preconception care and the process of conceiving a child. <br />Local drugstores sell ovulation kits which can help you find the optimum time to become pregnant.<br />If you and your partner have been trying for a year or more, it may be time to consider seeing a fertility specialist.<br />
  6. 6. To prevent an unwanted pregnancy in the future:<br />Research different methods of birth control that may be more suitable for your lifestyle<br />If you are being sexually abused, get help by contacting the National Domestic Violence Hotline<br />Learn about emergency contraception and where to acquire it. <br />Many local pharmacies carry “Plan B” and generic forms which can be used to prevent pregnancy up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. It can be found over the counter without a prescription for anyone over the age of 17. <br />An emergency IUD can also be inserted within 7 days after unprotected sex.<br />
  7. 7. Positive Test<br />When finding out that you are, in fact, pregnant it will take time to adjust to the news whether you feel excited or feel worried and unprepared.<br />Self-reflection, talking to others, and writing can be helpful for you (and your partner) to consider your options and make a decision about what to do.<br />
  8. 8. Making a Decision<br />Once you’ve come to terms with the pregnancy you need to make an educated decision about what is best for you<br />You must first decide between continuing with the pregnancy or having an abortion<br />If you continue the pregnancy you have the options of raising the child yourself or putting the child up for adoption.<br />If you are unable to, or choose not to, raise the child yourself you can decide between an open adoption, closed adoption, and foster care<br />
  9. 9. When Deciding…<br />Find someone to turn to, but don’t be pressured by family or a strong-willed partner<br />Common myths are:<br />A child will improve your relationship with your partner<br />Abortion is more painful than labor<br />Abortion is more expensive than having a child<br />Using drugs in the beginning of pregnancy does not hurt the fetus<br />Adoption cuts you off from your child<br />Men cannot nurture and love a child the way a woman can<br />There isn’t financial help available<br />p.385<br />Become educated in order to make an informed, appropriate decision<br />
  10. 10. You Chose Abortion…<br />It is safest, easiest, and more affordable to choose abortion within the first three months of pregnancy, which is why it is so important to find out early.<br />It is very difficult to abort after 12 weeks<br />Financial situation, age, and where you live can make abortion more stressful. Make sure to research any option before you make your final decision.<br />
  11. 11. You Chose to Parent…<br />You may choose to parent on your own, with a significant other, with the help of your family, etc.<br />Babies are resilient and adaptable when they have a consistent, emotionally nurturing caretaker and are comfortable, safe, and fed.<br />Be sure to consider your environmental conditions as well as emotional and economic stability before you decide to parent.<br />
  12. 12. You Chose Foster Care…<br />The goal of foster care is to give you time to resolve your situation before becoming the primary caretaker of your child<br />Be sure to have legal counsel for either informal or formal foster care to educate you on the process, handle negotiations, and be sure the best interest of you and the child are being put first.<br />With formal foster care there is a risk that you may lose parental rights permanently so having legal counsel and being informed are both very important.<br />
  13. 13. You Chose Adoption…<br />Open adoption allows the birth parents to have a certain level of contact throughout the child’s life<br />In a closed adoption, the adoptive family has no contact with the birth family<br />When choosing closed adoption be sure that your adoption agency has your information on file in the case that the adoptive family would like to contact you in the future (if you desire). Also, be sure you’re able to contact the agency to discover updates about the child.<br />Choosing an efficient adoption agency is important. Keep in mind that many agencies pay for legal and counseling services.<br />As the birth mother you generally have the right to review the applications of prospective adoptive families.<br />
  14. 14. Once Your Decision is Made…<br />Remember that grief is normal when reflecting on the choice that you did or didn’t make, but that doesn’t make your decision wrong.<br />Having support is important, no matter what route you decided to take.<br />
  15. 15. My Thoughts<br />I was particularly struck by the fact that the book included “foster care” as an alternative to parenting. My personal understanding of foster care had always been that the parents had no say in the matter and the child was taken away for safety reasons. With the risk of losing parental rights permanently, I was unsure of why this option would be beneficial.<br />In addition, I was shocked to read that abortion can take place after 12 weeks. Although the book says it is more difficult, I was always under the impression that abortion after that amount of time was illegal in most states.<br />
  16. 16. Prominent Passage<br />“About half of the pregnancies in women over forty years old are unintended, a higher rate than for all other age groups except teenagers/ young women; for the pregnancies, women over forty have the highest rate of abortion of any age group.” (p.382)<br />This statistic struck me more than anything else in the reading because my thought was that the majority of abortions would come from teenagers or young women who became pregnant unexpectedly. Also, I was astounded by the fact that women over 40 have the highest number of unintended pregnancies because at that age a pregnancy is considered high risk. It stood out to me when I was first reading it, but after thinking it over, it does make sense. It seems likely that women under 40 and out of their teens would be trying to conceive and most women in their 40’s are past that stage of their lives.<br />
  17. 17. Discussion Questions<br />Chapter 19 goes hand-in-hand with chapter 18 regarding birth control. Why do you think that some methods of birth control fail for certain people?<br />There is a certain stigma attached to abortion. Do you think this is something that women who become pregnant unexpectedly consider when making their decision?<br />Do you think it’s fair that insurance companies consider pregnancy a “pre-existing condition”? Why or why not?<br />
  18. 18. References<br />Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Our Bodies, Ourselves. 35th. New York, NY: Simon & Shuster, 2005. Print.<br />

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