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LGBT Youth of Color and Mobile Technology


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Preliminary Data from Two Urban Samples

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LGBT Youth of Color and Mobile Technology

  1. 1. “LGBT Youth of Color and Mobile Technology: Preliminary Data from Two Urban Samples” CHEST Colloquia Series June 3, 2011 Jessie Daniels, PhD CUNY- Hunter College and the Graduate Center
  2. 2. <Background>
  3. 3. the ‘old’ Internet = a desktop
  4. 4. *Pew Internet & American Life Project
  5. 5. “smart” phones = Internet is mobile
  6. 6. *Pew Internet & American Life Project
  7. 7. *Pew Internet & American Life Project
  8. 8. Is the “digitaldivide” a usefulconcept forunderstandingthe experiences …of LGBT youth of color? …including homeless LGBT youth, many of whom are Black and/or Latino/a?
  9. 9. How doesmobiletechnologyshape health …for LGBT youth of color? …including homeless LGBT youth, many of whom are Black and/or Latino/a?
  10. 10. <Quantitative Sample>
  11. 11. <SJS Study>
  12. 12. <Total Sample Size = 5,500>
  13. 13. <N = 4,953>
  14. 14. Research Methods
  15. 15. Our Partner Organizations
  16. 16. <Supplement>
  17. 17. Mobile Technology & Police
  18. 18. * Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2010
  19. 19. * Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2010
  20. 20. <qualitative sample>
  21. 21. Sylvia’s Place
  22. 22. Sylvia Rivera, 1951-2002
  23. 23. Part of MCCNY since 2002
  24. 24. “Epidemic” of homelessness among LGBT youth
  25. 25. 20,000 homelessness youth in NYC each night
  26. 26. 40% identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Trans
  27. 27. Most are ‘invisible’ either as LGBT or homeless
  28. 28. Among homeless youth in NYC,
  29. 29. half are African American, one-third are Latino/a.
  30. 30. Multiple health concerns caused by homelessness
  31. 31. mobile technology: economic survival
  32. 32. "It’s important for me to have it. I have to have a phone to apply for jobs, to have a contact number for them to contact me.”
  33. 33. "I use it to apply for jobs, and for you know, what do you call it, public assistance."
  34. 34. mobile technology:emotional support & mental health
  35. 35. "I love my phone. For me, mainly it’sabout MP3s because I love music. It eats up the battery, but I don’t care."
  36. 36. "If I didn’t have my phone, I’d go crazy."
  37. 37. "If I didn’t have my phone, there wouldn’t be no happiness for me."
  38. 38. “When you’re in a setting like this, which islike a little more confined – you do have tofollow the rules and regulations – you have access to technologies like that which just keep you sane.”
  39. 39. “Im on a bridgeIm gonna jump.” ~ text message from teen to case manager
  40. 40. mobile technology: social cohesion
  41. 41. "I have to be able to stay in touch with people friends from Sylvia’s -- see whateverybody’s doing, how they’re doing, what they’re up to."
  42. 42. "I got friends in Switzerland and shit."
  43. 43. “I use it to keep in touch with my son. He’s 2. He lives in LA. During the day I text, to stay in touch with my brother. He keeps my sonduring the day now. And, then at night, after 9pm I call and talk to my son.”
  44. 44. mobile technology: paying for it
  45. 45. “I love technology. I’ve had like,100 phones.When I first started staying at Sylvia’s I had my phone stolen like every other night, so I’d just buy a new one and replace it.”
  46. 46. “This year alone I had like 5 iPhones. I soldthem. I’d get a new one and jail break it.” {Q: Why jail break it?}“So I could use T-Mobile, that’s the plan I’vegot. And because to get AT&T would be like, 500 dollars and stuff.”
  47. 47. "I use my food stamps to pay for myminutes. I mean, food is important too, but I can get that other places.”
  48. 48. “I go to Brooklyn, there’s a guy there that will buy them, he has to know you, he doesn’tbuy from just anyone. And, it’s 70/30. He takes 30 and I get 70, which is pretty good.So, I use that money to pay for my plan and then I can find food other ways."
  49. 49. mobile technology:reinventing reach
  50. 50. {Q: So, if someone wanted to stay in touch with you, say from this health van, and sendyou free information about health, how would you feel about that?}A: “I would basically look at the phone and not check it. Nah, minutes! ”
  51. 51. {Q: So, what if they wanted to pay for it, then would you look at it?}A: “Oh, yeah, then I’d be like, whatever you want!Send me whatever you want and I’ll listen to it!”
  52. 52. <What Does This Tell Us?>
  53. 53. “digital divide” isa disablingrhetoric that isnot supportedby the data… …for LGBT youth of color, …including homeless LGBT youth, many of whom are Black and/or Latino/a.
  54. 54. mobile technology permeates life
  55. 55. “One of the thingsour grandchildrenwill find quaintestabout us is thatwe distinguish thedigital …from the real. In the future, that will become literally impossible.” ~ William Gibson
  56. 56. police & lgbt youth of color
  57. 57. LGBT youth ofcolor use mobiletechnology toavoid policecontact, resistpolice harassment …and to report misconduct, both LGBT youth of color who are in stable housing and those who are not.
  58. 58. For LGBT youth ofcolor, mobiletechnology is ameans of physicaleconomic survival, a mechanism for better mental health and a way to reach out for help.
  59. 59. LGBT youth areexperiencing an‘epidemic’ ofhomelessness thatputs them in thepath of STIs andHIV, and they are part of another trend. LGBT homeless youth are part of the ‘wired’ generation.
  60. 60. When asked abouttheir priorities, LGBTyouth of color said police harassment is a major concern. LGBT homeless youth are most concerned about mental health issues.
  61. 61. survival & resistance
  62. 62. resilience
  63. 63. Perhaps weneed to shiftour thinkingaway fromdigital divides to thinking of technology as a basic human right, like clean water or healthy food.
  64. 64. Internet-enabled mobiletechnologies, are often how young people access health information and are increasingly a part of public health interventions
  65. 65. Prevention:Juzang I, Fortune T, Black S, Wright E, Bull S. (2011). " A pilot programme using mobile phones for HIV prevention," J Telemed Telecare 17(3):150-3. Epub 2011 Jan 26.Adherence:De Costa A, Shet A, Kumarasamy N, et al. (2010). "Design of a randomized trial to evaluate the influence of mobile phone reminders on adherence to first line antiretroviral treatment in South India--the HIVIND study protocol." BMC Med Res Methodol. (10):25.Lester RT, Ritvo P, Mills EJ, Kariri A, et al. (2010). "Effects of a mobile phone short message service on antiretroviral treatment adherence in Kenya (WelTel Kenya1): a randomised trial." Lancet 376(9755):1838-45.Shet A, Arumugam K, Rodrigues R, Rajagopalan N, et al. (2010). "Designing a mobile phone-based intervention to promote adherence to antiretroviral therapy in South India." AIDS Behavior (3):716-20.
  66. 66. <Next Steps>
  67. 67. Social Justice Sexuality Project
  68. 68. book: Lucky Michaels, Shelter doc: “Queer Streets” (LOGO)
  69. 69. twitter: @JessieNYC Thank you!