The Father of American Education Developed progressive education and incorporated democratic practices in the educational process Progressive Education is the education of a child mentally, physically, and emotionally Advocated an AFT Union made exclusively of, for, and by teachers Believed learning was student directed with a teacher serving as a guide One of the most influential and controversial teachers of the 20th Century
Founder of Constructivism Known particularly for his developmental theory which consists of four stages (sensori-motor, pre- operational, concrete operational, and formal operational) beliefs on constructivism stem from his study of the way that infants, children, and adolescents develop cognitively believed that children can accept ideas that later they may reject and that these ideas are understood through active learning and involvement stated that for an individual to be capable of creativity and production, one must learn through construction and reconstruction
Knowledge is always changing and developing; it is not fixed. Learning is centered around and driven by students, not teachers. Students are encouraged to use creativity and innovation in the classroom. Teachers are seen as facilitators of learning, not leaders of the classroom. The goal is for students to use their prior knowledge and new knowledge to form new and advanced opinions and ideas.
Teachers are seen as a guide and resource to the student The teacher is a facilitator of learning The facilitator is responsible for creating an environment that enables maximum creativity Facilitators encourage group work and roles within that group
The student is viewed as an individual learner Each student has individual needs and pasts Individuality and creativity is encouraged and rewarded Students are encouraged to find their own version of the truth, this is influenced by their unique backgrounds Students are the primary resource for their learning
In my teaching, I would encourage group work and creativity as the theory states. However, I believe students need more than guidance in the classroom. I think the role of a “teacher” is more effective than that of a “facilitator”.
webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/piaget.htmlhttp://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Teachers_Page/Language_Learning_Articles/cons tructivist_learning.htmhttp://dewey.pragmatism.org/Teachers, Schools, and Society by Sadker and Zittlemanwww.childdevelopmentmedia.com/child-development-theory.htmlen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constructivism_(learning_theory)www.msu.edu/~kalinkat/professionalpages/TechMatrixMaterials/ConstructivismSummary.htm