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  1. 1.  The Father of American Education Developed progressive education and incorporated democratic practices in the educational process Progressive Education is the education of a child mentally, physically, and emotionally Advocated an AFT Union made exclusively of, for, and by teachers Believed learning was student directed with a teacher serving as a guide One of the most influential and controversial teachers of the 20th Century
  2. 2.  Founder of Constructivism Known particularly for his developmental theory which consists of four stages (sensori-motor, pre- operational, concrete operational, and formal operational) beliefs on constructivism stem from his study of the way that infants, children, and adolescents develop cognitively believed that children can accept ideas that later they may reject and that these ideas are understood through active learning and involvement stated that for an individual to be capable of creativity and production, one must learn through construction and reconstruction
  3. 3.  Knowledge is always changing and developing; it is not fixed. Learning is centered around and driven by students, not teachers. Students are encouraged to use creativity and innovation in the classroom. Teachers are seen as facilitators of learning, not leaders of the classroom. The goal is for students to use their prior knowledge and new knowledge to form new and advanced opinions and ideas.
  4. 4.  Teachers are seen as a guide and resource to the student The teacher is a facilitator of learning The facilitator is responsible for creating an environment that enables maximum creativity Facilitators encourage group work and roles within that group
  5. 5.  The student is viewed as an individual learner Each student has individual needs and pasts Individuality and creativity is encouraged and rewarded Students are encouraged to find their own version of the truth, this is influenced by their unique backgrounds Students are the primary resource for their learning
  6. 6.  In my teaching, I would encourage group work and creativity as the theory states. However, I believe students need more than guidance in the classroom. I think the role of a “teacher” is more effective than that of a “facilitator”.
  7. 7. tructivist_learning.htm, Schools, and Society by Sadker and