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Sexual Health Presentation NMCB 3

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Sexual Health Presentation NMCB 3

  1. 1. Sexual HealthSexual Health Presented by HM1(FMF) Williford Dagher, JessicaPresented by HM1(FMF) Williford Dagher, Jessica Preventive Medicine TechnicianPreventive Medicine Technician NMCB-3NMCB-3
  2. 2. ObjectivesObjectives  To understand how sexual health is essential forTo understand how sexual health is essential for Mission and Operational Readiness for everyMission and Operational Readiness for every Seabee/ sailorSeabee/ sailor  To understand risks and types of SexuallyTo understand risks and types of Sexually transmitted diseases to every Seabee/ Sailortransmitted diseases to every Seabee/ Sailor  To understand what ways Seabees/ Sailors canTo understand what ways Seabees/ Sailors can protect themselves from STDsprotect themselves from STDs  To understand how to prevent unplannedTo understand how to prevent unplanned pregnanciespregnancies  Discuss other Sexual health issues for awarenessDiscuss other Sexual health issues for awareness  SummarySummary
  3. 3. TopicsTopics  Mission/ Operational ReadinessMission/ Operational Readiness  Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)  Forms of Protection to STDsForms of Protection to STDs  Birth Control/ Unplanned pregnanciesBirth Control/ Unplanned pregnancies  Other concernsOther concerns  SummarySummary
  4. 4. Mission & Operational ReadinessMission & Operational Readiness  It’s “YOU” each Seabee /Sailor that makes theIt’s “YOU” each Seabee /Sailor that makes the NMCB Mission accomplishedNMCB Mission accomplished  Without a healthy and well force our missionWithout a healthy and well force our mission cannot be completed.cannot be completed.  Sexual health is important for a healthy and fitSexual health is important for a healthy and fit forceforce
  5. 5. Factors that impact individual SexualFactors that impact individual Sexual healthhealth  Factors to keep into consideration that relate to individualsFactors to keep into consideration that relate to individuals Sexual HealthSexual Health (Source: Health Canada. Framework on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Draft Version, 21APR 06)
  6. 6. Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSexually Transmitted Diseases  HIV infection, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and Trichomoniasis - Transmitted when infected urethral or vaginal secretions contact mucosal surfaces  Genital Ulcer DiseasesGenital Ulcer Diseases-- Genital herpes, Syphilis, Chancroid and Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection -- Primarily transmitted through contact with infected skinPrimarily transmitted through contact with infected skin on mucosal surfaceson mucosal surfaces
  7. 7. HIVHIV (Source: Center of Disease control, HIV and AIDs)
  8. 8. HIVHIV
  9. 9. HIV/ AIDSHIV/ AIDS Signs/symptoms: Initially is mild sickness (fever, rash,Initially is mild sickness (fever, rash, swollen lymph glands). Some go without symptoms.swollen lymph glands). Some go without symptoms. (Source: University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Dr. Richard Hunt )
  10. 10. Chlamydia  Signs/symptoms: Many have none. Women- Abdominal and pelvic pain and burning sensation when urinating. Men -may have a swollen testicle, discharge and pain with urination
  11. 11. GonorrheaGonorrhea Signs/ symptoms: Many do not show symptoms. Men include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Some men get painful and swollen testicles. Women painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods
  12. 12. Trichomoniasis  Signs/ symptomsSigns/ symptoms:: WomenWomen-Yellow-green vaginal discharge, fishy odor,-Yellow-green vaginal discharge, fishy odor, pain during urination & sexual intercourse, genital itching or irritation.pain during urination & sexual intercourse, genital itching or irritation. MenMen usually don’t show symptoms; but some may have discharge fromusually don’t show symptoms; but some may have discharge from the penis or burning during urination or ejaculationthe penis or burning during urination or ejaculation
  13. 13. Genital herpes  Signs/ symptomsSigns/ symptoms: can be cause by herpes type 1 (mouth herpes) or: can be cause by herpes type 1 (mouth herpes) or type 2 (genital herpes). Sometimes there is none. Sore on your genitalstype 2 (genital herpes). Sometimes there is none. Sore on your genitals especially when it re-occursespecially when it re-occurs
  14. 14. Syphilis  Signs/ Symptoms: a single sore marks the first (primary) stage ofSigns/ Symptoms: a single sore marks the first (primary) stage of syphilis symptoms, but there may be multiple sores. Sore appears at thesyphilis symptoms, but there may be multiple sores. Sore appears at the location where syphilis entered body. Can cause long-termlocation where syphilis entered body. Can cause long-term complications and/or death if not treated.complications and/or death if not treated. (Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of STD Prevention)
  15. 15. ChancroidChancroid  Signs/ symptomsSigns/ symptoms: Within 1 day - 2 weeks after getting chancroid, a: Within 1 day - 2 weeks after getting chancroid, a person will get a small bump in the genitals. The bump becomes anperson will get a small bump in the genitals. The bump becomes an ulcer within a day of its appearance and progress.ulcer within a day of its appearance and progress.
  16. 16. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)  Signs/ symptomsSigns/ symptoms: Most people have no symptoms but when they do: Most people have no symptoms but when they do they are often around the genitalia regions. HPV warts can spread tothey are often around the genitalia regions. HPV warts can spread to vagina, panis, scrotom, lips, mouth, tongue, throat. Genital itching andvagina, panis, scrotom, lips, mouth, tongue, throat. Genital itching and vaginal bleeding, increased discharge and moisture around warts canvaginal bleeding, increased discharge and moisture around warts can occuroccur
  17. 17. Sexually Transmitted DiseasesSexually Transmitted Diseases Prevalence in Japan:Prevalence in Japan:  Scientists have discovered a new strain of drug-Scientists have discovered a new strain of drug- resistant gonorrhea in Japan 2011.resistant gonorrhea in Japan 2011.  Currently 300,000 cases of gonorrhea (aka clap)Currently 300,000 cases of gonorrhea (aka clap) occur annually in the U.S. reported as of 2011occur annually in the U.S. reported as of 2011
  18. 18. When to get seen at MedicalWhen to get seen at Medical  If you see signs and symptoms; it’s better to getIf you see signs and symptoms; it’s better to get seen by Medical (even if it’s embarrassing) thenseen by Medical (even if it’s embarrassing) then not!not!  Some STDs can be deadly if treatment isn’tSome STDs can be deadly if treatment isn’t receivedreceived  If you find out you have had a sexual encounterIf you find out you have had a sexual encounter with someone who had a STD you should getwith someone who had a STD you should get seen by Medicalseen by Medical
  19. 19. Forms of Protection from STDsForms of Protection from STDs  Condoms (has limitations)Condoms (has limitations)  AbstinenceAbstinence  Having a long term monogamous relationshipHaving a long term monogamous relationship
  20. 20. QuestionQuestion  What is the first and second most effectiveWhat is the first and second most effective methods to control for Sexually transmittedmethods to control for Sexually transmitted diseases?diseases?
  21. 21. AnswerAnswer  11stst AbstinenceAbstinence  22ndnd Long term Monogamous relationshipLong term Monogamous relationship
  22. 22. Conscious checksConscious checks  Conscious checksConscious checks ARE NOTARE NOT performed at theperformed at the Battalion Aide Station!Battalion Aide Station!  We do STD testing when signs/ symptomsWe do STD testing when signs/ symptoms occur or when a partner finds out they have aoccur or when a partner finds out they have a STD after sexual encounters with you and tellsSTD after sexual encounters with you and tells you.you.
  23. 23. Birth Control/ UnplannedBirth Control/ Unplanned PregnanciesPregnancies  Male latex Condoms (temporary)Male latex Condoms (temporary)  Male & Female Sterilization (permanent)Male & Female Sterilization (permanent)  Tubal litigation for females or Vasectomy forTubal litigation for females or Vasectomy for males (permanent Surgical procedures)males (permanent Surgical procedures)  Birth control pills for females (temporary)Birth control pills for females (temporary)  Depo-Provera shot for females (temporary)Depo-Provera shot for females (temporary)  AbstinenceAbstinence
  24. 24. QuestionQuestion  What is the most effective method of birthWhat is the most effective method of birth control?control?
  25. 25. AnswerAnswer  AbstinenceAbstinence
  26. 26. Other Sexual Health ConcernsOther Sexual Health Concerns Cancer of Prostate, breasts, Ovaries, TesticlesCancer of Prostate, breasts, Ovaries, Testicles  Cancers, cysts and tumorsCancers, cysts and tumors Male Female
  27. 27. Other Sexual Health ConcernsOther Sexual Health Concerns  Infection of Urinary tract, Bladder and KidneysInfection of Urinary tract, Bladder and Kidneys
  28. 28. SummarySummary  To understand how sexual health is essential forTo understand how sexual health is essential for Mission and Operational Readiness for everyMission and Operational Readiness for every Seabee/ sailorSeabee/ sailor  To understand risks and types of SexuallyTo understand risks and types of Sexually transmitted diseases to every Seabee/ Sailortransmitted diseases to every Seabee/ Sailor  To understand what ways Seabees/ Sailors canTo understand what ways Seabees/ Sailors can protect themselves from STDsprotect themselves from STDs  To understand how to prevent unplannedTo understand how to prevent unplanned pregnanciespregnancies  Discuss other Sexual health issues for awarenessDiscuss other Sexual health issues for awareness  SummarySummary
  29. 29. ReferencesReferences  CDC (2013). Center for Disease and Control, Sexual HealthCDC (2013). Center for Disease and Control, Sexual Health http://www.cdc.gov/sexualhealth/http://www.cdc.gov/sexualhealth/  Sexual Health for First Line Supervisors, Joint Knowledge OnlineSexual Health for First Line Supervisors, Joint Knowledge Online  Mission Pharmacal Company (2013). Trichomoniasis,Mission Pharmacal Company (2013). Trichomoniasis, http://www.trichomoniasis.orghttp://www.trichomoniasis.org  Gonorrhea Superbug in JapanGonorrhea Superbug in Japan http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/the-rice-http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/the-rice- bowl/sexually-transmitted-disease-gonorrhea-japan-healthbowl/sexually-transmitted-disease-gonorrhea-japan-health  Etymologia: Syphilis, U.S. National Library of Medicine NationalEtymologia: Syphilis, U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health,Institute of Health, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3673317/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3673317/
  30. 30. References Continued…References Continued…  Hunt, R. (2009). University of North Carolina School of Medicine,Hunt, R. (2009). University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Human Immunodeficiency virus and the course of the disease, Ch 7,Human Immunodeficiency virus and the course of the disease, Ch 7, Part 3. http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/lecture/HIV3.htmPart 3. http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/lecture/HIV3.htm  PubMed Health (2012). Genital Warts, National Center forPubMed Health (2012). Genital Warts, National Center for Biotechnology Information,Biotechnology Information, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001889/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001889/
  31. 31. Questions?Questions?

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