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NAVMED P 5052-26 U.S. NAVY
SHIPBOARD PEST
MANAGEMENT MANUAL
NHTP Enlisted Advancement Program
By HM1 (SCW/FMF) Williford D...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Chapter 1: Overview of the U.S. Navy Shipboard Pest Control
Program
• Introduction: This manual outline...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Overview of the U.S. Navy Shipboard Pest Control Program
• The main elements of an effe...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Navy Medical Entomologists assigned to the
Navy Entomology Center of Excellence (NECE)
and Navy Environ...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
EDUCATION & TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
• Medical Department Personnel responsible for pest con...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Chapter 2 : Shipboard Pests
• Introduction:
Global presence and increased operating tempo of naval forc...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Shipboard Pests
• German Cockroach- most commonly-encountered pest
aboard Navy ships. A...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Biology of German Cockroach-
is a small, flattened, light brown insect which can be easily identified
f...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• German Cockroach: Surveillance Procedures
• Visually inspect frequently to identify pot...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• German Cockroach: Surveillance
• Common areas found aside from food areas-
• Berthing, Steam lines, Cab...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Flushing Agents
• Are useful in finding cockroaches & their harborages by providing a
q...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Cockroach Traps
• Sticky traps- useful survey tools to detect low level, populations, locate
harborages...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Cockroach Traps
• Place in area that is not wet, and Count the trapped cockroaches and
...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Prevention
• Conduct pier-side acceptance inspections (random selection) when
stores are coming aboard....
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• How Preventive control strategies can reduce or eliminate
most cockroach infestations:
...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Prior to Application of Insecticide:
• Properly prepare spaces, coordinate between departments,
ventila...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Checklist to prepare spaces- may be modified (depending on type of
vessel, insecticide ...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Crack and Crevice Treatment
• Use a pin stream nozzle or extender tip.
• Apply this treatment at low pr...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Void Treatments
• To access voids behind false bulkheads, an extender tip must first be...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Post-Treatment Procedures
• After insecticide treatments are complete, keeping area secured and
unventi...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Pesticide Baits
• Non-repellent, nonvolatile & don’t produce air contaminants
• Stomach...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• COCKROACH CONTROL ABOARD SUBMARINES
• Sanitation
• Berthing spaces are to be inspected every other week...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Pesticides-crack and crevice pesticide treatment against
cockroaches
• Only when in por...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• STORED PRODUCTS PESTS- (SPPs)
• General Information
• Over 100 species of insects, mostly beetles and m...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• STORED PRODUCTS PESTS
• (SPPs)
• Beetle larvae belonging to the family Dermestidae are ...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• The more important stored products pests, which may be found aboard
ship, are divided into two groups:
...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• The Khapra Beetle
• Probably originated from India, is a quarantinable insect of medica...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Flour Beetles
• Called “Tribolium” beetles, look similar to the confused flour beetle
however the termi...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Both species cause flour to turn grey.
• Adult flour beetles also secrete benzoquinones...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Non-Medically Important SPPs
• Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle
• Adult is slender, flat, and brown. It is easi...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Rice Weevil
• Considered to be one of the most destructive of the stored products
pests...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Indian Meal Moth
• has worldwide distribution and is the #1 pest of dried fruits in storage.
• Adults h...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Cigarette Beetle
• Infests a wide variety of foods including grains, spices, herbs, dri...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Drugstore Beetle
• Close relative to cigarette beetle with same active abilities, history
and habits. T...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Booklice (psocids)
• Minute insects about the size of a pinhead and are sometimes found...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Surveillance Procedures-
Pierside and Onboard Inspections
-Random inspections
-Inspect commodities befo...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Reporting Infestations of SPPs -
• DD Form 1222
• Send
• labeled SPP specimen samples w...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Additional reporting
• NAVSUP Publication 486 Volume 1: states that the presence of
insect infeste prod...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• MIL-STD-904B- lists what is determined for fitness for human
consumption for commoditie...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Preventive controls are the first line of defense against SPP
infestations.
• Sanitation, inspection & ...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Fumigation
• conducted aboard ship only under special circumstances and requires
the ap...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Rodents
• Have been closely associated to hums for ages & can carry serious
communicable diseases such ...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Norway Rat
• Also called the “common rat,” “brown rat,” “water rat,” “wharf rat,”
or “s...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Roof Rat
• Aka “ship rat,” or “black rat” came prior to Norway rat.
• During the “Black Death” of the 1...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• House Mouse
• Small rodent, adults weighing only about ¾ ounce
• Total length of 5-8”. ...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Droppings
• appear soft, shiny, and dark and vary in shape and size, depending
on the species
• Droppin...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Urine
• Rodents cannot regulate or control their urine output, so they
constantly urina...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Prevention
• Sanitation- eliminate food & shelter
• Exclusion
• Rat guards - should be used on all tend...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Illumination & Movement Restrictions- deter rodent activity
• Rodent Contamination
• Un...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Other traps
• Glue boards- can reduce mice population within 2 weeks if placed in
area of activity
• Li...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Fruit Flies
• Occasional pests in food service and berthing areas
• From infested fruit...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Phorid Flies
• (“humpbacked flies”) often called moth flies, are active, dark flies, smaller than one
e...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Quarantine Issues
• Large amounts of DoD Personal and equipment move across internation...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• U.S. NAVY VESSELS ENTERING U.S. PORTS
• U.S. has some of strictest quarantine regulations. Navy has imp...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Shipboard Sanitation Control Exemption
Certificates/Shipboard Sanitation Control Certif...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Pierside/Onloading: Inspection of Infestible Products
• Inspection of oncoming consumables, especially ...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Records and Reports
• RECORDS
• The following records pest management activities are re...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Pesticides
• PESTICIDE LABEL
• Before applying any pesticide, read all label directions for use and
pre...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Pesticide labels must provide the following
information:
• • Name, brand, or trademark ...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• Pesticide labels must provide the following directions for
use, including:
• • Sites of application.
• ...
Shipboard Pest Management Manual
• Pesticides Toxicity categories:
• I Danger Poison
• II Warning
• III Caution
• IV Cauti...
NAVMED P 5052-26
• PESTICIDE SAFETY
• if not applied correctly, can pose a serious health hazard to shipboard
pest control...
• Pesticide Storage
• Store all pesticides in safe, secure (locked), well identified areas that
meet shipboard, ventilatio...
Quick knowledge check
Q: What is the SSEC/SSCC and what is it used
for?
NAVMED 6210/1 Shipboard Sanitation Control Exemption Certificate/
Shipboard Sanitation Control Certificate (SSEC/SSCC) fro...
NAVMED P 5052-26 Shipboard Pest
Management Manual
• The End
Any Questions?
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NAVMED P 5052-26 Pest Shipboard EAP HM1 WD

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NAVMED P 5052-26 Pest Shipboard EAP HM1 WD

  1. 1. NAVMED P 5052-26 U.S. NAVY SHIPBOARD PEST MANAGEMENT MANUAL NHTP Enlisted Advancement Program By HM1 (SCW/FMF) Williford Dagher, Jessica
  2. 2. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Chapter 1: Overview of the U.S. Navy Shipboard Pest Control Program • Introduction: This manual outlines DoD, OPNAV and BUMED policies and procedures; defines responsibilities; and provides detailed guidelines for the U.S. Navy Shipboard Pest Management Program. • The Commanding Officer of a Navy vessel must ensure the Senior Enlisted Medical Department Representative (SMDR) and Hospital Corpsmen responsible for pest control are certified in shipboard pest management. • The Senior MDR ensures an ongoing shipboard pest control program is maintained.
  3. 3. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Overview of the U.S. Navy Shipboard Pest Control Program • The main elements of an effective program are- • Rodent control • Fumigation & Commercial contracts • Procurement of Pesticides, Pesticide Dispersal Equipment, and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Meals Ready to Eat (MREs) • Sanitation • Pesticide Safety • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) • Record Keeping and Reporting • Regulations and Program Guidance
  4. 4. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Navy Medical Entomologists assigned to the Navy Entomology Center of Excellence (NECE) and Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Units (NEPMUs) oversee the shipboard pest control program.
  5. 5. Shipboard Pest Management Manual EDUCATION & TRAINING REQUIREMENTS • Medical Department Personnel responsible for pest control operations must be certified to conduct shipboard pest control operations by attending and successfully completing the Shipboard Pest Control Course. • Ship’s stewards or other personnel assigned pest management responsibilities on Military Sealift Command (MSC) and U.S. Coast Guard vessels may be trained and certified in shipboard pest control. • Certification Training consists of one day of classroom (didactic) instruction and one-half day of field training aboard a ship or vessel within 1 week. • A written exam is completed with minimum of score of 70% score.
  6. 6. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Chapter 2 : Shipboard Pests • Introduction: Global presence and increased operating tempo of naval forces greatly increase chances of encountering pests that transmit pathogens, infest food supplies, or simply present a nuisance to crew members. • Types of pests
  7. 7. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Shipboard Pests • German Cockroach- most commonly-encountered pest aboard Navy ships. Abundant standing water, food, warmth, and numerous potential harborages provide the cockroach with an ideal habitat for growth and survival. • Their presence indicates inadequate sanitary practices or ineffective cockroach control measures. • They contaminate food and food preparation areas. And can cause dysentery and diarrhea. • Cockroaches also impart a foul odor where infestations are well established.
  8. 8. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Biology of German Cockroach- is a small, flattened, light brown insect which can be easily identified from other cockroaches (Fig. by the presence of two dark longitudinal stripes behind the head (“Lieutenant’s bars”). -Adult German Cockroaches are approximately one half inch long and live up to 1 year. They prefer small cracks and crevices. -Adult female cockroaches produce a visible egg capsule (called an ootheca). -Young cockroaches are called nymphs and look very similar to the adults. They mature within 40-60 days. Nymphs shed their skins (molt) several times as they mature and gradually develop wings increasing size.
  9. 9. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • German Cockroach: Surveillance Procedures • Visually inspect frequently to identify potential harborage areas to reduce need for pesticide application particularly dark areas. Observing cockroaches in light or immature cockroaches may indicate a infestation. • The shipboard pest control specialist should conduct a cockroach survey every two weeks in food service areas, and weekly until cockroaches are no longer present.
  10. 10. NAVMED P 5052-26 • German Cockroach: Surveillance • Common areas found aside from food areas- • Berthing, Steam lines, Cable bundles, False bulkheads, overheads, and Lagging and torn insulation, Behind pictures and bulletin boards, Around holes for plumbing and electrical lines, Behind drawers, Around iron supports of counters and serving lines, In hollow furniture and utility legs, Motor housings, Deck drains
  11. 11. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Flushing Agents • Are useful in finding cockroaches & their harborages by providing a quick response if cockroaches are present. After application observe area for 3-5 mins for any activity. • Consist of a aerosol pesticide formulation of : synthetic pyrethroids, such as d-phenothrin. (Note: do not apply d-phenothrin around bait stations or surfaces treated with boric acid aerosol dust because of its repellant properties.) • Not to be used in food areas and avoid applying flushing agents near or on food at pier side.
  12. 12. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Cockroach Traps • Sticky traps- useful survey tools to detect low level, populations, locate harborages, and determine the effectiveness of treatment (Alone they will not eliminate infestation) Traps may consist of a rectangular box, a glass jar, or similar container an attractant (e.g., manufacturer supplied bait, slice of banana, fresh bread) to lure the insect into the trap. To prevent cockroaches from leaving-Spread an extremely thin layer of petroleum jelly just under the inside opening of the jar trap Place trap near suspected harborage area for 24 hours and place in same place each time. Best areas are in dark areas near bulkheads/ corners.
  13. 13. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Cockroach Traps • Place in area that is not wet, and Count the trapped cockroaches and record the results in your pest control log. If two or more cockroaches per trap are caught in a 24-hour period, pesticide treatment may be necessary. • Live cockroaches in the traps can be killed by spraying them with a 3% solution of dishwashing detergent (in water).
  14. 14. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Prevention • Conduct pier-side acceptance inspections (random selection) when stores are coming aboard. This is critical while in port • German Cockroaches may be brought aboard the ship in the egg, nymph, or adult stages. • Inspect potatoes, onions, soda cases, baked products, milk products, and any cardboard box pier side. Segregate and remove infested items. Ensure items are free of cockroaches before bringing them aboard.
  15. 15. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • How Preventive control strategies can reduce or eliminate most cockroach infestations: • Don’t allow cockroaches to grow/ survive and promotes control measures. • First step in effective cockroach control: high level of sanitation. 4 Key Factors the support cockroach Infestations: Food Water Warmth Harborages
  16. 16. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Prior to Application of Insecticide: • Properly prepare spaces, coordinate between departments, ventilation may need to be secured. • Notify all individuals directly involved in preparing the space including the following: • Executive Officer • Food Service Officer • Department Head • Supply Officer • Master-at-Arms • Damage Control Assistant • Watch Captain
  17. 17. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Checklist to prepare spaces- may be modified (depending on type of vessel, insecticide to be used, and severity of the cockroach infestation): • Conduct a complete field day • Do not allow exposed food or food utensils in treatment areas • Move all non-fixed equipment & furniture away from bulkheads to facilitate proper treatment. • Disconnect equipment with electrical hazards. • Electrician secures exhaust & supply vents. Cover vents with plastic. • Ensure access panels to all power boxes, motor compartments, and the ventilation system are opened before beginning treatment only by authorized personal. • Cover all hatches and doorways without covers, that cannot be adequately sealed, or used, with plastic or paper cover and tape • Post warning signs on all entrances to spaces for treatment.
  18. 18. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Crack and Crevice Treatment • Use a pin stream nozzle or extender tip. • Apply this treatment at low pressure to avoid splash back. • Hold the nozzle as close to the crack and crevice as possible.
  19. 19. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Void Treatments • To access voids behind false bulkheads, an extender tip must first be attached to an aerosol can, or aerosol container pesticide dispersal unit (Whitmire® PT® System III). Then extender tip is then inserted into the void through any existing hole in the bulkhead, deck, overhead area, or place where screws can be removed and replaced. (Don’t make new holes). Widest dispersal of a pesticide (e.g., boric acid aerosol dust) into a void can be achieved with a 4-way extender void injector tip.
  20. 20. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Post-Treatment Procedures • After insecticide treatments are complete, keeping area secured and unventilated for one to several hours will greatly increase the effectiveness of the pesticide application • Prohibit reentry of personnel into treated spaces until the space has been ventilated for at least one-half hour but may need more time. • Residual insecticides are not effective in killing cockroaches developing in egg capsules. Its important area is cleared- (i.e. sweep up dead cockroaches and egg capsules to prevent new hatchings) • Refrain from field day 24 hours after treatment to prevent from washing insecticide away.
  21. 21. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Pesticide Baits • Non-repellent, nonvolatile & don’t produce air contaminants • Stomach poison is slow acting so will not results for 1-2 weeks • authorized for shipboard use- consist of a food • attractant, a humectant, and a stomach poison, -(all enclosed in a plastic container for easy placement near cockroach harborages) • Follow label instructions • Baits should placed where excreta was found. • Bait stations should be placed horizontally with the label side against the surface. • Check a representative sample of placed baits periodically (10%,every 3-7 days). • Do not spray insecticides on or near baits.
  22. 22. NAVMED P 5052-26 • COCKROACH CONTROL ABOARD SUBMARINES • Sanitation • Berthing spaces are to be inspected every other week by the MDR to ensure the compartment is free from Insects and reported on sanitation report to CO. No food containers should be in lockers & no open food should be left uncovered. • Pierside Inspections • Cardboard is ideal conditions for laying cockroach eggs. Fresh food will be unpacked and cardboard discarded immediately. Spraying of d-phenothrin is authorized for pierside inspection of canned, bottled, and individually packaged stores but not vegetables, fruits, and other items such as bagged onions, potatoes, etc.
  23. 23. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Pesticides-crack and crevice pesticide treatment against cockroaches • Only when in port and able to ventilate outboard for at least 24 hours. • Approved Pesticides- 2% aerosol formulation of d-phenothrin and the Whitmire aerosol (PT 565) formulations of pyrethrins (both recommended) Baits can be used the same on submarines as on ships but pesticides cannot be stowed on them. Residual pesticide is limited to crack and crevice with 24 hours following application to ventilate and not expected to submerge right after
  24. 24. NAVMED P 5052-26 • STORED PRODUCTS PESTS- (SPPs) • General Information • Over 100 species of insects, mostly beetles and moths, can infest food products brought aboard ship. Only a few species cause majority of damage to stored foods/ commodities. • Losses are much greater than that consumed because food, contaminated by feces, odors, webbing, cast skins, and live or dead insects, may need to be discarded or destroyed, depending on the degree of contamination • Insect populations raise the humidity within the food product, increasing mold and fungal growths. • The most susceptible supply items are farinaceous products (those made from flour or other processed grains). Dry beans and peas, candy, spices, and dried fruit may also be easily infested
  25. 25. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • STORED PRODUCTS PESTS • (SPPs) • Beetle larvae belonging to the family Dermestidae are covered with tiny hairs, which, if eaten, may cause serious intestinal distress. • Khapra Beetle are internationally quarantined pests. • Biology • The majority of SPPs are small, avoid light, and multiply rapidly under favorable conditions thus is why stored substance provides a ideal environment.
  26. 26. NAVMED P 5052-26 • The more important stored products pests, which may be found aboard ship, are divided into two groups: (1) Medically Important and (2) Non-Medically Important Medically Important Dermestid Beetles- Beetles in the family Dermestidae because hairs on the outside of the larvae can cause intestinal trauma, eye irritation, dermatitis and allergic reactions. Most members of the family feed on animal products such as fur, hides, skins, feathers, and dead insects & are common pests in warehouses throughout world.
  27. 27. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • The Khapra Beetle • Probably originated from India, is a quarantinable insect of medical importance worldwide • The adults and larvae are generally brown & covered with yellowish hairs. • Feeds on grains and cereal products (instead of animal products in contrast to other dermestid species) • Life span: a few days to several months. Larvae can live w/o food for several years. Infestation spread quickly. • An infestation of one or more living or dead larvae of Trogoderma or other dermestid species shall be justification for condemnation of the lot
  28. 28. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Flour Beetles • Called “Tribolium” beetles, look similar to the confused flour beetle however the terminal three antennal segments of the Red Flour Beetle are distinctly larger than the other antennal segments whereas the confused flour beetle antennal segments increase gradually through length like a baseball bat. appear as shiny, flattened, reddish-brown insects and live 2-3 years. • Both like crackers, cereals, flour, and other grain products but usually depend on packages • Red Flour Beetle flies, but the Confused Flour Beetle does not.
  29. 29. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Both species cause flour to turn grey. • Adult flour beetles also secrete benzoquinones, which impart a disagreeable taste and odor to infested products and are potentially hazardous. A tolerance level of only 3 or more insects per pound for flour beetle infestations- is lower than the limit of 7 or more insects per pound for most other insects.
  30. 30. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Non-Medically Important SPPs • Saw-Toothed Grain Beetle • Adult is slender, flat, and brown. It is easily recognized by the six sawtoothed-like projections on each side of the thorax. • The adult usually lives 6 to 10 months, but some may live for up to 3 years. • Most common aboard ships, can infest a wide range of commodities including grain products, dried fruits, candy, sugar, • dried meats, and tobacco products. • Almost identical to Merchant beetle in appearance, similar in habitat but Merchant is more abundant in Pacific region. • Both usually depend on openings in packages to gain entrance.
  31. 31. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Rice Weevil • Considered to be one of the most destructive of the stored products pests, feeding on a variety of raw grains and grain products. • Adults are reddish-brown and have a long “beak” or ”snout” that extends out from the head -as long as ¼ the length of the body. There are a presence of two yellow or reddish spots are present on each wing
  32. 32. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Indian Meal Moth • has worldwide distribution and is the #1 pest of dried fruits in storage. • Adults have greyish band around upper 1/3 of red-bronze wings • Also infests other commodities, including grain products, nuts, powdered milk, candy, and pet food. • When infesting grains: prefers coarse flours and is commonly found in items like corn meal. Reduce quality of comodity infested with silk webbing. • The fully-grown larvae are large compared to other common SPPs (about one-half inch long). • The most commonly seen “white worms” found in packaged dried fruits are nearly always the larvae of this moth.
  33. 33. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Cigarette Beetle • Infests a wide variety of foods including grains, spices, herbs, dried meats, drugs, and pet food. • Adults are very active & fly posing increased threat to foods infesting. The adult is light-brown & appears rounded & hump- backed with head bent down. • The last segments of antennae are triangular or saw like. • They are capable of penetrating both polyethylene and paper packaging.
  34. 34. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Drugstore Beetle • Close relative to cigarette beetle with same active abilities, history and habits. They will eat almost anything incl. paper & wood making them a serious pest for books. They can bore through metal foil • Contrasting to cigarette beetle – lest 3 segments of antennae are elongated sausage-like shape. Front wings have parallel lines along length.
  35. 35. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Booklice (psocids) • Minute insects about the size of a pinhead and are sometimes found covering stored food products (flour, cereals). Almost transparent color about 1 mm long. • They feed on cereal products, vegetable and animal debris, paste, glue, and other organic substances but preferred foods are molds and fungi, indicative of conditions of high humidity, (which can also attract other SPPs to the site or product). • Grow from egg to adult within 3 weeks. • Booklouse- common psocid often extremely abundant in stored grain products.
  36. 36. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Surveillance Procedures- Pierside and Onboard Inspections -Random inspections -Inspect commodities before on-loading is critical to preventing infestations of SPPs. -Inspect all dry food products upon receipt and reject them if evidence of infestation is found. -Inspect within 48 hrs of receipt -Can be Medical or supply personal trained in inspection procedures -Bi Weekly storage inspections
  37. 37. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Reporting Infestations of SPPs - • DD Form 1222 • Send • labeled SPP specimen samples with form and request results of tests to nearest NEPMU or to NECE • Specimen collection: • Preserving at least two specimens in 70 percent ethyl alcohol • Except-adult moths should be submitted dry in vials without alcohol, or carefully placed into folded postage envelopes. • Use tissue (do not use cotton) in each end of the vial to prevent specimen movement during mailing/delivery. • pack all vials and/or cardboard protected paper envelopes in thick, well- padded mailing envelopes/ cylinders prior to mailing
  38. 38. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Additional reporting • NAVSUP Publication 486 Volume 1: states that the presence of insect infeste products warrants a “Suspected Hazardous Food Item Message” to be sent to DSCP, Philadelphia. Info for Message includes: • Ship’s address and Unit Identification Code (UIC). • Point of contact, with telephone number when in port. • Quarantine measures taken. • Amount of product at risk. • Storage site and type of product infested.
  39. 39. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • MIL-STD-904B- lists what is determined for fitness for human consumption for commodities infested with SPPs. • Products require disposal when the insects are found within (not external) inspected packages, as follows: • One or more dermestid larva(e), adult(s), or cast skin(s) per lot. • Three or more flour beetle (Tribolium) larvae or adults per pound of product. • Seven or more of any other insects (larvae or adults) per pound of product.
  40. 40. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Preventive controls are the first line of defense against SPP infestations. • Sanitation, inspection & surveillance are measures to keep any vessel free of SPPs. • Segregating Infested Commodities • Items with an infestation below the levels specified in MILSTD- 904B can be placed in a freezer space for at least 3 days. • Freezing infested food materials for a minimum of 2 weeks at 0 degrees F will kill all stages of insects.
  41. 41. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Fumigation • conducted aboard ship only under special circumstances and requires the approval of a Navy Medical Entomologist • When large quantities of product are infested may be only practical measure. • Residual Pesticide Application • can be used to prevent infestation of non-infested commodities or control spread of an existing infestation. • Applied per label directions. • Aerosol Insecticides • Can be used to control flying stages of spps • Never spray aerosols directly on packaging. • Consult NECE or an NEPMU for the current recommendations on aerosol insecticide use in storerooms.
  42. 42. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Rodents • Have been closely associated to hums for ages & can carry serious communicable diseases such as plague, murine typhus, leptospirosis, and food-borne illnesses (e.g., salmonellosis). • Rodents eat, contaminate, or destroy enormous amounts of food & gnaw electrical insulation that causes electrical shorts, outages, or fires. Biology: Use a sense of touch when moving about, and prefer to run alongside vertical surfaces rather than across “open ground -Have poor vision, excellent at climbing/ jumping/ swimming sense of smell & hearing, have a good sense of taste prefer fresh foods.
  43. 43. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Norway Rat • Also called the “common rat,” “brown rat,” “water rat,” “wharf rat,” or “sewer rat.” • Large aggressive rat, small eyes, brown-gray above, gray on the underside, and weighs approximately 7 to 17 ounces. Its tail length of 5-8” is slightly less than half its total body length (12-18”). • Associated with diseases such as tularemia, spotted fever and bubonic plague • Present wherever human activity creates suitable harborages and there is an adequate food supply, found mainly in the holds and decks of ships • Preferred foods include meat or fish mixed with a diet of grains, vegetables, and fruit. But will eat other foods if not present.
  44. 44. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Roof Rat • Aka “ship rat,” or “black rat” came prior to Norway rat. • During the “Black Death” of the 14th century, killed a third of Europe’s population. It arrived in North America in 1609 with the early colonists at Jamestown. They began to disappear when Norway rat appeared and now much less common then Norway. • There are many color and body type variations worldwide. Most are brown or gray above, and gray or white on the underside • May be found in the overhead wiring and upper decks of ships. It weighs 4-13 ounces, with its tail length (6-10”) greater than half its total body length prefer seeds, cereals, vegetables, and fruit, but may subsist on leather goods, chocolate, and even weaker members of their own kind.
  45. 45. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • House Mouse • Small rodent, adults weighing only about ¾ ounce • Total length of 5-8”. It is gray-brown above and below. • commonly associated with humans and may cause serious damage to electrical wiring or food stores, especially sweets and grains. • Runways and Rub Marks • Routes frequently traveled by rodents called "runways“ identified by a dark color at base of bulkhead or where they climb- from oily hair • Tracks- fresh vs. old • Gnawing- to prevent front teeth from growing too long & can use wood or metal
  46. 46. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Droppings • appear soft, shiny, and dark and vary in shape and size, depending on the species • Droppings are usually more abundant near the food source, but they may also be found along runways
  47. 47. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Urine • Rodents cannot regulate or control their urine output, so they constantly urinate. Can be detected on runways • Fresh rodent urine fluoresces a lime green color. Old rodent urine appears bluish-white detected with a black (UV lamp). • Rodent Hairs • Rodent hair particularly rat hairs, appear as a bluish-white color when seen under a black light.
  48. 48. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Prevention • Sanitation- eliminate food & shelter • Exclusion • Rat guards - should be used on all tending lines. (International health regulations no longer require the use of rat guards by ships except when berthed in ports where plague is endemic. • Rat guards dimensions: • 36-inch minimum outside diameter, a cone angle of 30 degrees, and be made of 18 gauge steel or aluminum. Must be mounted with the point of the cone toward the ship • All tending lines, at least 6 feet from the pier and greater than 2 feet from the ship.
  49. 49. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Illumination & Movement Restrictions- deter rodent activity • Rodent Contamination • Units condemned under following circumstances: • Evidence of rodent infestation • Penetration of packaging by rodent feces/urine • One or more holes in packaging • Contamination of external waterproof containers • Rodent Control • Setting traps are prescribed method. • Poison baits should be approved by Medical Entomologist at NECE or NEPMU. • Set trap at right angle to runway with trigger to bulkhead. • Replace bait every 2 days, it usually takes 2-3 days for it to become part of the environment. • Fasten the bait securely to the trigger with cheesecloth or by wrapping it in a 2 x 2-inch gauze square before attaching it to the trigger.
  50. 50. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Other traps • Glue boards- can reduce mice population within 2 weeks if placed in area of activity • Live traps, which consist of a wire-enclosed cage with a spring or gravity-controlled door • MISCELLANEOUS SHIPBOARD PESTS • Bed Bugs • blood-sucking insects that feed on sleeping hosts. Not disease vectors but bites are annoying. They hide during the day & feed at night. Hide in cracks, crevices, mattresses, etc. • Spot of fecal matter may reveal their presence • oval-shaped and flat (when not engorged with blood). • Adults are approximately 7 mm long. • brownish in color, are wingless
  51. 51. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Fruit Flies • Occasional pests in food service and berthing areas • From infested fruit or vegetables, can breed in rotting food or flour found in cracks and crevices or sugary residue in food service areas • Control- Remove infestation/ source. Area may need to be cleaned • Space treatment with approved aerosol insecticides is usually adequate to control the occasional fruit fly problem aboard ship.
  52. 52. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Phorid Flies • (“humpbacked flies”) often called moth flies, are active, dark flies, smaller than one eighth of an inch, that develop in any type of decaying organic material. • Tiny immature stages develop in drains, algae, food debris in cracks and joints in equipment, wet garbage, or any other source of wet filth. -A tiny amount of material is all it takes to allow flies to develop shower stalls. • Drain Flies • Drain flies (<5 mm in size) can be occasional pests in heads and galleys aboard naval vessels. Breed in semi-aquatic environment with organic matter, often on deck or bulkheads near drains, shower stall etc. Often called moth flies because look like moths. Have many long hairs . Can transmit disease from breeding areas. Breeding areas cleaned with soap and water & with wire brush to destroy larva. • Glue boards and spray kill adults.
  53. 53. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Quarantine Issues • Large amounts of DoD Personal and equipment move across international boundaries daily providing opportunity to accidently transport variety of pests / disease. Can cause major damage to agriculture, health, etc. Started after Vietnam conflict • The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) • a multilateral treaty administered through the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Created to prevent spread of pests & promote control. • Medical Service Quarantine Regulations of the Armed Forces (OPNAVINST 6210.2): Outlines quarantine policies and procedures of the U.S. Public Health Service and the U.S. Department of Agriculture in U.S. Navy programs. It’s intended to prevent the introduction and dissemination, domestically or elsewhere, of diseases or prohibited or illegally taken wildlife, arthropod vectors, and pests of health and agriculture importance. All U.S. military Ships, aircraft, or other conveyances going to foreign port will meet req’s Executive Order 13112, Invasive Species: Heightened concern for this ever increasing threat to our food production and natural resources was reinforced on By signing of this Feb 3, 1999.
  54. 54. NAVMED P 5052-26 • U.S. NAVY VESSELS ENTERING U.S. PORTS • U.S. has some of strictest quarantine regulations. Navy has important role preventing the entry of unwanted organisms into the U.S. from foreign ports. Inspectors are authorized to board ships, aircraft and other means to inspects ports & facilities. • U.S. Navy vessels have two officers (or E-7 or above enlisted personnel) who have been trained by the USDA as Cooperator Plant Protection Quarantine Officers (CPPQOs). • U.S. NAVY VESSELS ENTERING FOREIGN PORTS • principle of international law that ships and aircraft being used in exclusive, noncommercial government service fully assert the privilege of sovereign immunity. They will not be subject to inspections or searches by officials for any purpose but shall comply with reasonable host country requirements and/or restrictions on traffic, health, customs, immigration, quarantine, etc. Host country may ask us to leave if non compliance. Foriegn officials may not observe or inspect while U.S. personal inspect.
  55. 55. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Shipboard Sanitation Control Exemption Certificates/Shipboard Sanitation Control Certificates (SSCE/SSC) • Replaced the deratting/deratting exemption certificates (DERATs) in the past. • Used as the sanitation document required for international shipping • U.S. naval vessels to provide the SSCE/SSC certificates and the Maritime Declaration of Health to foreign port authorities upon request. • Valid 6 months, 1 month extension may be granted by original inspector.
  56. 56. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Pierside/Onloading: Inspection of Infestible Products • Inspection of oncoming consumables, especially fresh fruits, vegetables, and dry grain products for pests and disease vectors, is necessary to reduce degradation of product and to ensure the health and well being of all crew members while underway. • Excluding these same organisms from the ship, transportation of unwanted and destructive invasive pest/disease species from port to port will also be prevented. Each country may have varying concerns and requirements. • Rodents and Rat Guards • Movement of rodents onto U.S. vessels in foreign ports are a greater concern then when in CONUS where rodent-borne disease could be health threat. Rat guards become critical
  57. 57. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Records and Reports • RECORDS • The following records pest management activities are required or recommended: • Materiel Inventory- i.e. pest control inspections, gear supplies • Pierside/On-Board Inspections • SSCEC/SSCC Inspections • Courtesy Technical Assistance Visits and Informal Surveys i.e. Date(s) of formal assistance from NECE, NEPMUs, or other preventive med personnel • Pesticide Use- i.e. Each pesticide use must be recorded, archived, and reported (Only pesticides from the “Authorized Shipboard Pesticide Use List” may be used aboard Navy vessels)
  58. 58. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Pesticides • PESTICIDE LABEL • Before applying any pesticide, read all label directions for use and precautions. • Review the MSDS and any other product information sheets that may be available
  59. 59. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Pesticide labels must provide the following information: • • Name, brand, or trademark under which the product is sold. • • Name and address of the producer, registrant, or person for whom the product was produced. • • Net weight or measure of contents. • • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) registration number. • • Producing establishment registration number. • • Ingredient statement. • • Warning or precautionary statements. • • Statement of use classification. • • The statement, "It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling."
  60. 60. NAVMED P 5052-26 • Pesticide labels must provide the following directions for use, including: • • Sites of application. • • Target pests associated with each site. • • Dosage rate associated with each site and pest. • • Method of application and types of application apparatus or equipment required. • • Frequency and timing of applications necessary to obtain effective results without causing unreasonable adverse effects on the environment. • • Specific time limitations on reentry to areas where the pesticide has been applied. • • Specific directions concerning storage and disposal of the pesticide and its container. • • Any limitations or restrictions on use required to prevent unreasonable adverse effects. • Category of toxicity.
  61. 61. Shipboard Pest Management Manual • Pesticides Toxicity categories: • I Danger Poison • II Warning • III Caution • IV Caution (no precautionary statements)
  62. 62. NAVMED P 5052-26 • PESTICIDE SAFETY • if not applied correctly, can pose a serious health hazard to shipboard pest control specialists and other personnel • 3 Routes of Exposure/ enter the body: • Mouth-ingestion -Always wash hands, never consume food products/ smoke • Nose or lungs-inhalation -Always use in well-ventilated areas, wear fitted NIOSH respirator & trained, restrict access to area for at least 30 mins after spraying, change cartridge after 8 hours • Skin-dermal absorption -Pesticide contacts skin, wash from skin immediately, read and follow labels, wear proper PPE, no contact lenses, waterproof headgear/ indirect vent googles, wash hands with soap & water, always launder clothes after each application, never wipes eyes & flush them if pesticides gets in them for at least 15 mins
  63. 63. • Pesticide Storage • Store all pesticides in safe, secure (locked), well identified areas that meet shipboard, ventilation specifications, in approved flammable storage lockers • Never store in pt. care area or near food / drinks • Store only in original label • Always store in areas away from excess heat and cold. • Rotate (FIFO) to preventing expiring Shipboard Pest Management Manual
  64. 64. Quick knowledge check Q: What is the SSEC/SSCC and what is it used for?
  65. 65. NAVMED 6210/1 Shipboard Sanitation Control Exemption Certificate/ Shipboard Sanitation Control Certificate (SSEC/SSCC) front & back
  66. 66. NAVMED P 5052-26 Shipboard Pest Management Manual • The End Any Questions?

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