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Analysis presentation mr daley

Presentation on analysis for English Language Investigation.

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Analysis presentation mr daley

  1. 1. Analysis for English Language Investigation By JESSICA
  2. 2. Overlapping was used many times throughout the interview. It is a common feature in spoken language and demonstrates how this interview wasn’t rehearsed beforehand. Ellen repeats this phrase a few times over the course of the interview. Her main focus is on Emily Blunt’s appearance which is a stereotypically feminine topic to discuss. The compliment on Emily Blunt’s appearance supports Deborah Tannen’s theory of women viewing the world as a network of connections and use language to seek and In terms of pragmatics the audience would be expected to know who/what Hazel is as they would be fans of Emily Blunt and therefore understand that they are referring to her baby. Just by saying the name ‘Hazel’, Emily knew what Ellen was talking about which indicates a shared understanding between the two speakers. In terms of syntax this phrase does not make grammatical sense. Ellen also uses elision: ‘gonna’ which emphasises how it is a spontaneous interview and that it is being filmed for millions of viewers. The grammatical error may be due to nerves and the fact that the interviewer does not have much time to think about what to say next as it is a fast paced show. offer support. The topics of appearance and having a baby were discussed in the interview which are maternal themes, therefore women may feel more comfortable talking to a female interviewer about issues like that. Family friendly show – makes it easier to discuss.
  3. 3. The fillers and pauses also reiterate how the interview is spontaneous. Although Ellen may have planned a few questions in preparation, she does not know what answers Emily will provide her with and therefore needs to come up with more questions in order to keep the interview running smoothly. Emily’s answers were not entirely planned. She may have had some idea of what Ellen was going to ask her but some of her answers were made up on the spot which may explain her fillers and pauses while telling her anecdote. Emily says ‘I went’ / ‘She went’ instead of ‘I said’ / ‘She said’ which is not grammatically correct. However this may be part of her dialect as many people use this in their everyday language. She also uses the lexeme ‘like’ a lot in the wrong context. This may have been a change in her dialect perhaps influenced by the media, the fact that she now lives in another country and/or her friends and family.
  4. 4. In terms of pragmatics, neither Ellen nor Emily actually state who ‘John’ is. The audience and viewers are expected to know that they are talking about ‘John Krasinski’ who is Emily Blunt’s husband. In addition, the fact that Ellen states that ‘John texted’ her a picture highlights how the interview is just a friendly chat between two females as they clearly know each other quite well on a personal level. Ellen uses her power as the interviewer to conduct all of the topic shifts. She does this in a subtle way by incorporating an answer Emily has just given to form a new question that leads into a new topic. Ellen starts by discussing Emily’s new born baby , then moves on to talking about John Krasinski, then back onto the baby, Emily’s new film and then onto her appearance again. Ellen allows Emily to do most of the talking – Emily has a higher MLU- and prompts her with minor questions or key words.
  5. 5. As the Ellen Show has a live audience, the use of paralinguistic features are quite common as the audience will laugh a lot and so will the guests on the show. Ellen has a few false starts over the course of the interview. This proves how she has not planned all her questions and is therefore trying to phrase them on the spot. During the interview Ellen and Emily laugh a lot which is why it may have been difficult for them to start talking again. Use of neologisms such as ‘wuss’ which was bought about in the 1980’s as North American slang. ‘Krav maga’ – Hebrew term bought about in the 1940’s which meant ‘contact combat’.
  6. 6. 21% 6% 16% 56% 1% GRAMMAR Adjectives Proper Nouns Concrete Nouns Pronouns Adverbs SPOKEN LANGUAGE Overlapping Fillers False Starts Expressive language Back Channelling Elision 7% 59% 6% 8% 17% 3% Adjectives – 41 Proper nouns – 11 Pronouns – 107 Concrete nouns – 30 Verbs – 66 Adverbs - 2 Overlapping – 6 Fillers – 51 False starts – 15 Expressive language – 5 Back channelling – 7 Elision - 3
  7. 7. ALL SPOKEN LANGUAGE FEATURES –SUCH AS FILLERS, OVERLAPPING AND BACK CHANNELLING -ARE USED FOR THE SAME REASONS AS THE PREVIOUS INTERVIEW. Difference in choice of topic to discuss. Graham Norton decides to talk about Emily Blunt’s favourite hobbies. He’s clearly done some research on her and basically knows what her new favourite things to do are and has decided to bring them up in conversation. These hobbies happen to stereotypically ‘male sports’ which may have a link to the fact that the interviewer is male as well. There are more guests on the Graham Norton show than there are on the Ellen Show which means Graham has to control the interview carefully. To ensure he does this effectively, he asks each guest a specific question to avoid all the guests talking at once. If the guests go off on a tangent – as seen on the next slide – he brings the conversation back to the question he initially asked.
  8. 8. This phrase is grammatically incorrect. The preposition term ‘for’ should be used : ‘Don’t clap for him’ in order for it to make sense. This error reiterates how the show is live and that the conversation is spontaneous. Emily may not have expected Russell Brand and the audience to react the way they did and may not have been able to think of a way to retaliate quickly enough. This again demonstrates the pace of the show. Paralinguistic feature – The fact that Graham Norton and his guests are able to drink alcoholic beverages during the show depicts how laid back the interview is. It also makes it clear that it is a late night show with an older target audience. The use of expletives ‘sh*te’ in the interview also demonstrate how the show has an older target audience. As Graham Norton allows this language to be used it supports Robin Lakoff’s theory which states that men tend to use more expletives. However, this is contradicted by Emily Blunt as she uses the most explicit lexis which proves that women do in fact use coarse language too. Graham Norton may have allowed the use of explicit language on his show because taboo language is considered to be more humorous and would therefore be more entertaining for his audience.
  9. 9. GRAMMAR Adjectives Proper Nouns Pronouns Concrete Nounds Verbs Adverbs 16% 6% 39% 24% 12% 3% SPOKEN LANGUAGE Overlapping Fillers False Starts Expressive language Back Channelling Elision 10% 61% 6% 9% 12% 2% Adjectives – 27 Proper nouns – 10 Pronouns – 66 Concrete nouns – 20 Verbs – 41 Adverbs - 5 Overlapping – 9 Fillers – 58 False starts – 11 Expressive language – 6 Back channelling – 9 Elision - 2