Theme 4 part 2


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Theme 4 part 2

  1. 1. English Colonies of North America Theme 4 Part 2 History 71183
  2. 2. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>In Virginia and Maryland merchants and planters had the greatest fortunes and held the highest classes but lacked the mystique of a typical ruling class. </li></ul><ul><li>The tobacco boom of the 1640s and 1650s meant prosperity for all. </li></ul>But during the 1660s, and 1670’s good land became scarce as tobacco prices fell.
  3. 3. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>In 1676 Nathanial Bacon led Virginia in revolt. The governor and his supporters were driven out of Jamestown and Bacon then burned it to the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacon died a month later leaving the rebellion lost. The crown intervened and a mode of politics that required an alliance between planters resulted. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>This new alliance became important when planters started to use enslaved Africans as there source of workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Racial superiority was more important than the previously fought over class differences. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>Over time Virginia became more stable and distinct from England. </li></ul><ul><li>The planter elite owned most of the property and real power. </li></ul><ul><li>The gap between rich and poor for the whites widened over time. Some of the commoners went West or South; others stayed determined to decrease their labor. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Puritans and Indians <ul><li>The English Puritans saw their new landscape as desolate and the inhabitants, native Indians, as pagan threats to their own people. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic interest led the Puritans to spread apart to take up new land, but this went against their religious beliefs to stay close and gather for worship. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Puritans and Indians <ul><li>To ensure their people were not tempted to live as Heathens like the Indians, the Puritans changed the land and worked to convert the Indians to Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists cleared the land for grain and cattle, and made it alien and unusable to the native Indians. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Puritans and Indians <ul><li>In 1636 war erupted between the Indians and New English. </li></ul><ul><li>The New English triumphed over the Indians and used tribes against one another. </li></ul><ul><li>The bloodiest of all the Indian wars, the King Philip’s War, was fueled by the belief that the Puritan God had chosen the New English as his people. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Puritans and Indians <ul><li>In 1676 the Indian resistance collapsed. Captives were killed or sold off as slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans population grew from 52,000 in 1670 to 92,000 in 1700. </li></ul><ul><li>The natives left were a small minority and lived in a changed land among invaders. </li></ul>