Theme 4 part 1


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Theme 4 part 1

  1. 1. French Colonies of North America By Jessica Jefferson Fall 2011 History-71183
  2. 2. Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>By 1610 the French allies included the native Northern Algonquians and their enemies were the Southern Iroquoians (Five Nations). Both groups of Indians began to rely heavily on imports for weapons and supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>The French went to Canada in order to take advantage of the fish and fur supply. Hoping to make a profit in trading. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The French established a colony in the St. Lawrence Valley. They took on the native Montagnais, Algonkin, and Huron as friends, who in turn wanted French assistance in their battles against the Iroquois. </li></ul><ul><li>The Iroquois were formidable enemies, practicing torture and cannibalism. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>The Five Nations (Iroquois) formed the Great League making them internally stronger, and a greater threat to the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile the Conversion of Indians to Catholicism in New France was proving largely unsuccessful. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>In 1640-1650 the Iroquois mounted large scale attacks. By 1660 most Iroquoians were a part of the Great League. </li></ul><ul><li>The fur trade pitted Indians against one another and also led the Europeans to exploiting their national enmity towards one another. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonies were overall a disappointment. Their involvement with the natives led to disease, war, and trade that forever changed them. </li></ul>
  6. 6. French America <ul><li>The French relied in Indians to protect Canada as British colonies grew in numbers, power, and ambition. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the 17 th centaury French had founded Louisiana in the lower Mississippi Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>In New France seigneurs and emigrants had spurred its slow growth; most were reluctant to move despite the fact that the move would improve their social status. </li></ul>
  7. 7. French America <ul><li>France appointed an Intendant, Military Governor-General, and a Catholic Bishop to govern New France. </li></ul><ul><li>The French hoped to dominate North America’s interior by establishing a network of trading posts between Canada and Louisiana. </li></ul><ul><li>The War of the Spanish Succession got in the way and Louisiana was then entrusted to the Company of the Indies. </li></ul>
  8. 8. French America <ul><li>Floods, famines, droughts, and diseases made crops hard to produce in Louisiana. This hurt settlers and pitted races against one another. </li></ul>In 1750, after many battles between the Indians and French, that Choctaw alliance was made.
  9. 9. French America <ul><li>Despite this alliance, French America was deemed a failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians were left forever dependant of the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian trade was subsidized mainly because it would ensure the containment of British colonies to the Atlantic Seaboard. </li></ul>