Motivation & Engagement Of Striving Readers


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Motivation & Engagement Of Striving Readers

  1. 1. MOTIVATION & ENGAGEMENT OF STRIVING READERS Dr. Jen McCarty & Jessica Crooker Eastview High School Reading Teacher Winter Symposium Feb. 20 th , 2010
  2. 2. READING some motivation required
  3. 5. Opening Questions <ul><li>What does “engagement in reading” mean to you? </li></ul><ul><li>What does “engagement in reading” look like? </li></ul><ul><li>In your opinion, what contributes to lack of engagement for students in your classes? </li></ul>
  4. 6. Collaborative Team Goal <ul><li>Professional learning community goal </li></ul><ul><li>English, Social Studies, Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>Guthrie, J. Engaging Adolescents in Reading (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor of Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational psychology of reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research director—IRA </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Our dilemma as educators <ul><li>Majority of students do not read for pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Students are demotivated, apathetic, resistant to reading school content </li></ul><ul><li>2003 study shows 93% of 12 th graders did not read every day for school </li></ul><ul><li>69% did not read for enjoyment-a signal for intrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>2000 international survey-U.S. ranked 20 th out of 28 developed countries in reading engagement </li></ul>
  6. 8. Importance of reading engagement <ul><li>Engagement & motivation contribute to achievement in reading </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in reading correlates to reading comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Reading engagement connects more strongly to achievement than home environment </li></ul><ul><li>Reading engagement & reading achievement interact in a spiral </li></ul>
  7. 9. Reading engagement correlates to reading achievement reading more higher achievement reading less
  8. 10. What is motivating our students? <ul><li>Show good behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Complete an assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Extrinsic rewards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>get a good grade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outperform others </li></ul><ul><li>Look smarter </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding text—not important </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding is most important </li></ul><ul><li>Argue, analyze, debate, explain, organize, connect, defend, conclude… </li></ul><ul><li>Not isolated, connected to “big picture” </li></ul><ul><li>Short or long-term </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery Goals </li></ul>
  9. 11. Students’ Reading Motivations <ul><li>Meaning is Motivating </li></ul><ul><li>Control and Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Reading is Social </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in Reading </li></ul>
  10. 12. Meaning is Motivating <ul><li>Students must be motivated to be literate </li></ul><ul><li>We must move them from performance-minded to mastery-minded </li></ul><ul><li>Focus of our teaching must be mastery goals </li></ul><ul><li>Discourage obsession with grades </li></ul>
  11. 13. Meaning is Motivating <ul><li>7 practices of mastery motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide mastery goals </li></ul><ul><li>Make tasks relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Use hands-on activities </li></ul><ul><li>Transform text to meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffold mastery motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide re-teach opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Reward effort over performance </li></ul>
  12. 14. Control and Choice <ul><li>Seek to balance teacher vs. student centeredness </li></ul><ul><li>6 practices that cultivate motivation: </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership of text </li></ul><ul><li>Options for how to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Input into curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Self-selection of knowledge displays </li></ul><ul><li>Voice in standards for evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Inquiry projects </li></ul>
  13. 15. Reading is Social <ul><li>6 practices that invite expression of students’ social tendencies </li></ul><ul><li>Open discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Student-led discussion groups </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Arranging partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Socially constructing the management </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding social motivations over time </li></ul>
  14. 16. Self-Efficacy <ul><li>Recognize the gap </li></ul><ul><li>Match the text to the reading levels of students </li></ul><ul><li>Establish initial confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic goals </li></ul><ul><li>Assure the enabling skills </li></ul>
  15. 17. Interest in Reading <ul><li>Making real-world connections </li></ul><ul><li>Personalizing with questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Extending intrinsic interests </li></ul><ul><li>Self-expressing </li></ul><ul><li>Puzzling (working through inconsistencies in text) </li></ul>
  16. 18. A Vision of K-12 Students Today
  17. 19. Another link for back-up <ul><li> </li></ul>